A Weakening Dollar is giving Boeing a Trade Advantage over Airbus

Posted by PITHOCRATES - June 23rd, 2013

Week in Review

Before you can buy from a foreign country you have to exchange your currency fist.  For example, if you’re in China and want to buy some aircraft from Boeing or Airbus, you have to exchange you currency first.  Exchange Chinese yuan for U.S. dollars.  Or exchange Chinese yuan for euros.

Now if both Boeing and Airbus have a plane that meets all of their needs leaving price as the only consideration, they have two things to consider.  Price, obviously.  And the current exchange rate.  For if the U.S. dollar is weaker compared to the euro they will get more dollars than euros when exchanging their currency.  Giving the Americans a trade advantage.  Because if the dollar is weaker than the euro the Chinese yuan will buy more from Boeing than it will from Airbus.  A situation that actually exists now.  And it concerns Airbus (see Airbus CEO Concerned Over Euro/USD Exchange Rate Affecting Exports by David Pearson posted 6/20/2013 on 4-traders).

Airbus Chief Executive Fabrice Bregier Thursday said he remains concerned about the strength of the euro against the U.S. dollar which could limit the European plane-maker’s export-reliant growth despite strong demand for passenger jets particularly from Asia.

The CEO has previously expressed concern that the euro’s rise against the dollar could force the company to seek extra cost cuts or savings.

The aircraft market is a world market.  An aircraft manufacturer’s export sales will be greater than their domestic sales.  So a weak currency benefits them.  Which is why governments like to weaken their currencies.  Especially if they depend on robust export sales.  But the down side to that is that a weaker currency will raise prices everywhere else.  So, yes, exports will grow.  But people will lose purchasing power.  As their money won’t buy as much as it once did.

Because the Chinese yuan will buy more from Boeing than it will from Airbus they have to somehow lower the price of their planes to offset that advantage Boeing has. Which means they will have to find costs they can cut.  Find savings elsewhere.  Or watch Boeing sell more planes.

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China Strengthens the Yuan against the Dollar

Posted by PITHOCRATES - February 12th, 2012

Week in Review

Well, this should please Donald Trump and Mitt Romney.  And others.  Who are hopping mad about China’s currency manipulation making American exports uncompetitive in China.  The Chinese have strengthened the Yuan on the eve of China’s Vice President Xi Jinping’s U.S. visit (see China’s Yuan Rises to 18-Year High Ahead of Xi’s Visit to U.S. by Kyoungwha Kim posted 2/10/2012 on Bloomberg Businessweek).

The yuan traded at 6.2916 per dollar as of 9:42 a.m. in Shanghai, after touching 6.2884, the strongest level since the country unified the official and market exchange rates at the end of 1993. The People’s Bank of China fixed the reference rate at a record 6.2937 per dollar.

Countries like a cheap currency because it makes their exports cheap.  I mean, inexpensive.  And if your economy is driven by exports you definitely want a cheap currency.  Which is why the Chinese have been keeping the Yuan weak.  To boost their exports.  Which they need more than ever what with her export markets wallowing in recessions.  They need to keep those Chinese exports cheap.  I mean, inexpensive.

China is also seeing some price inflation inside their country.  Caused by that cheap Yuan.  And those low interest rates.  So maybe it’s to help battle inflation on the home front.  Or it’s just to shut the Americans up a little on their currency manipulation talk during their state visit.  Whatever the reason, there is now a Yuan stronger than it has ever been in the past 18 years.  The U.S. economy is saved.  Yeah.

Or is it?  Only about 11% of U.S jobs are in manufacturing.  Most of those in aviation.  With Boeing leading the pack in U.S. exports.  So this stronger Yuan will probably do little.  No, it will take more than that to bring back manufacturing to the U.S.  For the U.S. to manufacture all those things the Chinese are manufacturing either the U.S. has to get cheaper labor.  Or China has to get more expensive labor.  Ditto for all that cheap labor in emerging economies around the world.  (Cheap by our standards but rather well-to-do in those emerging economies).  As none of this is likely to happen the stronger Yuan is not going to bring back much manufacturing to the United States. 

Sorry Donald.  Mitt.  And others.

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The Yuan gaining Value against the Dollar as the Chinese try to Fight High Inflation

Posted by PITHOCRATES - January 1st, 2012

Week in Review

Currency manipulation is a hot topic.  In the era of central banking and fiat money, the laws of supply and demand determine the value of currencies.  If left to market forces.  But governments everywhere like to interfere with these market forces to give themselves an economic advantage.

A nation must sell their goods in their own currency.  Which means when you’re buying their goods you must first exchange your currency for theirs.  The cheaper their currency is the more of it you will get in exchange for your money.  And the more of their stuff you can buy.  This is why countries want weak currencies.  So they can increase their exports.  And boost their economic output.

The Americans (and others) have claimed the Chinese are a major currency manipulator.  Keeping their currency devalued to boost their exports.  But there’s another side to currency devaluation (see Yuan hits record vs dollar, on track for over-4-percent gain by Lu Jianxin and Kazunori Takada posted 12/26/2011 on Reuters).

The yuan has appreciated 4.27 percent so far this year, with most of the gain being recorded in the first 10 months of the year as China tries to rebalance trade and use the currency to help fight high inflation.

While the government has recently halted yuan appreciation amid slowing exports, it also seems to be wary of a weaker yuan that may lead to capital outflows.

This is the trade off of a weak currency and inexpensive exports.  Inflation.  And high domestic prices.  If you manipulate your currency to increase economic activity (by increasing exports) you will create price inflation.  Making the cost of business more expensive throughout your economy.  Which will reduce economic activity.  It’s a double-edged sword.  And the price currency manipulators must pay.   Sooner or later.

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