The Allies were Commanded by an American because they had the Greatest Skin in the Game
During World War II, SHAEF stood for the Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Forces. This was the top command of the Allies fighting on the Western Front during World War II. In the European Theater of Operations (ETO). The Soviet Union fought on the Eastern Front. Neither front was subordinate to the other in the command structure.
The supreme allied commander of SHAEF was General Eisenhower. An American. Why? Well the Nazis conquered France early in the war. Thanks to blitzkrieg. Which the Allies weren’t ready yet to battle. So the SHAEF commander wasn’t French. But the British were in the war from the beginning. They and their commonwealth put some 11 million into the field of battle. And suffered about a million killed and wounded. But the SHAEF commander wasn’t British either. Even though we couldn’t have defeated Nazi Germany without the British.
No, the SHAEF commander was an American because they put some 16 million into the field of battle. So excluding the Soviets, the Americans had the greatest skin in the game. Literally. And figuratively. It was the American Arsenal of Democracy that furnished the implements of war. Financed by the American taxpayer. Via bonds. Rationing. And inflation.
Those who Risk their Wealth should have a Say in How it is Risked
There were a lot of service flags hanging in American windows during World War II. And far too many of them had gold stars on them. One gold star represented the loss of a son or daughter in the war. There were about 417,000 gold stars in American windows. Not quite as many as the approximately 580,000 British dead. And a long way from the approximately 8,600,000 Soviet dead. But as America entered the war, the sheer numbers of man and material America provided made it America’s war. Which is why there was an American commanding SHAEF. Because even though Nazi Germany didn’t attack America, it was her blood and treasure leading the war against Nazi Germany.
So an American general would lead the Allies. Because the Americans had the most skin in the game. They were now bearing the greatest costs for the war. So they had the ultimate say in how the Allies waged war. I mean, no one would expect a Belgian general to command those 16 million Americans. No offense to the Belgians. I mean, I like their waffles and all. It’s just that Belgium wasn’t America. They didn’t have the resources. Nor the distance from the Third Reich.
Risk and wealth. Those who risk their wealth should have a say in how it is risked. Because it takes wealth (blood and treasure) to wage war. And this goes back to the birth of limited government. The Magna Carta. When the feudal barons of England met King John on the fields of Runnymede. And said, “Look, yeah you’re king and all but that doesn’t give you the right to do as you bloody well please.” I’m paraphrasing, of course. You see, the king was being rather oppressive. And fighting a lot of wars. Costly wars. And the funny thing about kings? They don’t have wealth. They get it from the landowners. The landed aristocracy. Those feudal barons. The men and material to fight wars, and the money to pay for them, came from them. So these barons were saying, “In the future, you clear things with us first, okay?” And constitutional monarchy was born.
Thanks to the Magna Carta those Paying the Taxes would have a Say in How the King Spent those Taxes
In the days of feudalism we defined wealth by land holdings. Because back then the most important industry was growing food. To prevent famine. And you needed land to grow food. So wealth concentrated to the land owners. The landed aristocracy. Who provided the food for the realm. Soldiers. And taxes.
Thanks to the Magna Carta, things changed. Those paying the taxes would have a say in how the king spent those taxes. He couldn’t wage endless war anymore. Or spend it all on royal accouterments. No. From then on, spending would have to be responsible. We take it for granted in the West today. And call it taxation with representation. But it was a BIG deal back then. And mostly only in England. France had an absolute monarchy. And the king did whatever he bloody well pleased. And you see how well that turned out for King Louis XVI. Ask Marie Antoinette. Of course you can’t. Because they were both executed by the people during the French Revolution.
The British took their representative government to the New World. And after the American Revolution, that was one of the British things the Americans kept. At the heart of the American populace was a hatred of taxation. And arbitrary rule. So they kept a tight grip on the government. And their wealth. There were no kings in the new United States of America. But there was still government. And a strong distrust of government power. So they were going to write their constitutions very carefully. And restrict the vote only to those who had skin in the game. Land owners. Who were paying the taxes.
Figuring out how to Amass Power despite the Inconvenience of Elections
Of course this changed over time. Nowadays, people who pay no taxes whatsoever can vote. We’ve come a long way from Runnymede. And returned a lot of power to government. In America, about half of all people pay no federal income tax. Yet they can vote. And they do. For the party that promises them more free stuff. By taxing ‘the rich’ to pay for it. And you know what these non-taxpayers say? “Raise tax rates? Absolutely. I mean, what do I care? It’s not like I’m paying them.” I’m paraphrasing, of course. But you can see the problem.
They have no skin in the game. And the only reason they don’t is because ‘the rich’ have been keeping them down. At least that’s what they believe. Because those in power told them this. So they can keep raising taxes. And keep increasing the power of government.
It’s nothing new. There are those who just want power. Kings often took power by force. When it was clear that the rich barons were more important to the king than the king was to them, though, things changed. There were limits on absolute power. So those who coveted power had to be creative. And figure out how to amass power despite the inconvenience of elections.
Politics Today: Buy Votes with State Benefits and scare the Bejesus out of Old People
The answer was the welfare state. And class warfare. Buy votes. And demonize ‘the rich’. Get the people dependent on government. And anytime there is political opposition, tell the people that the opposition wants to cut your state benefits. To scare the people into voting for you.
We call Social Security and Medicare third-rail issues in America. Because if you threaten to cut them (i.e., touch them), you will die politically. As you would die if you touched the electrified third rail in the subway. Because the recipients of those programs live in fear of losing their benefits. And will always vote for the candidate who promises not to cut them.
And this is how you amass power when saddled with the inconvenience of elections. Buy votes with state benefits. And scare the bejesus out of old people. Telling them the political opposition wants to take your benefits away. Attack the rich. And tax them. To pay for the ever bloating welfare state.
And if at least half of the people pay no taxes, you’re golden. Because when that many people have no skin in the game, you can get away with just about anything you want.
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No King Ever Ruled Without the Consent of Money
There were kings. And there were wealthy landowners. Kings may have been sovereign. But the wealth lies with, as you may guess, the wealthy landowners. Kings needed money. Because doing king ‘things’ got expensive. War, armies, navies, festivals, feasts, castles, palaces, churches, etc., were very expensive. So kings taxed their subjects to raise the money they needed to be king. And when it came to money, the vast majority (i.e., the peasants) had little. It was the peasants’ landlords who had the money. And it was they who paid the bulk of the taxes.
But it was a two-way street. Because it was their money, they, the wealthy landowners, had a say in how the king spent that money. This was a restraint on the king’s power. There were laws to protect the property rights of these landlords. Now. And in the future. Property owners could pass their property on to their heirs. As well as their political standing with the king. Thus the rich and landed aristocracy passed on both their property and their nobility through inheritance. Thus kings and Nobility lived by the consent of the other. And they each lived by the consent of money.
The Roman emperors spent so much money near the end of the Roman Empire that they brought their advanced civilization to an end. The landed aristocracy survived, though. They just served a different sovereign. The masses (i.e., the poor peasants) still worked the land. The landlords still held the wealth. Kings would come and go but this way of life (feudalism) remained. Kings ruled as long as the landed aristocracy didn’t object too much. Which they did in England in 1215. The landed aristocracy met King John on the field of Runnymede. Seeing his power was not absolute, the king reluctantly set his seal to the Magna Charter. Constitutional monarchy would reign in England. And England would reign supreme in the Old World. And in the New World.
No Taxation Without Representation
The constitutional monarchy that developed consisted of the Crown and a bicameral Parliament. The two houses of Parliament represented the needs of the few (the House of Lords) and the many (the House of Commons). Thus the needs of the one (the sovereign), the few (the rich) and the many (the not rich) were balanced against each other. It was a pretty good system. The best in its time. An English citizen had a better and more comfortable life with greater liberty than citizens of most other countries.
This liberalism unleashed a flurry of economic activity. It created an empire. International trade exploded. England became a leader in farming and agriculture. This knowhow spread throughout her empire. As did her representative government. Which they established in their North American colonies. Perhaps a bit too firmly. With the costs of world war came the need for higher taxes. The British had just defeated the French and took possession of all their possessions in North America. Her English subjects there were now free from French aggression. And Parliament wanted these subjects to pick up a large part of that war tab.
Well, this didn’t go over well in the colonies. For they had no representation in Parliament. They had their own representative governing bodies in the colonies. But they were subject to royal governors appointed by Parliament. Without a vote in Parliament, they had no say in matters of taxation. This was very un-English. For the English nobility consented to taxation in exchange for having a say in how the king would spend those taxes. As the landed aristocracy protested in 1215, the Americans protested this taxation without representation. Eight war years later and America left the mother country. Another few years later they ratified the Constitution and created the United States of America. Which came to be because a governing body violated the sacred covenant between a king and his subjects. A king may only rule as those who pay the kingdom’s taxes approve.
Universal Suffrage Increases Our Suffering
Because the new American government taxed property owners, property ownership was a requirement to vote. In other words, those with the most to lose (those paying the taxes) had a say in how the government spent their taxes. It kept the government honest. By limiting the vote to those who had ‘skin in the game’ it made it hard for government to build palaces for themselves. Because there was a direct connection between the source of funding and what that funding was used for. The government may persuade the tax-paying voter for the need for a national postal system. But a palatial palace was a much harder sell to the one footing the bill. Especially when that person would never enjoy its benefit.
Such a system led to responsible government. It minimized political corruption. And if there is anything a politician doesn’t like it’s this. They like corruption. They thrive on it. It’s their raison d’être. And this responsibility thing just didn’t cut it. They need people to vote who have no skin in the game. People they can buy. So they can live the good life. Like in days of old. Enter universal suffrage. Where a politician can promise people other people’s money.
Wait a minute, you mean I can have a say in how other people spend their money? Sweet. Gimme gimme gimme. I me mine. Tax the rich. Health care is an entitlement. I mean, as long as someone else is paying, I’m for sale. Promise me whatever I want and I will vote for you. And forget what Benjamin Franklin warned us about:
When the people find they can vote themselves money, that will herald the end of the republic.
Money Talks; Egalitarianism Walks
It probably started with Martin Van Buren. Creator of the Democrat Party. He created the party machine. Patronage. Payoffs. And buying votes. Dirty, filthy politics began with him. And the Democrat Party. Beginning with the campaign for Andrew Jackson, politics have gotten worse ever since.
It’s about the money now more than ever. With the power to tax, government has a near unlimited source of money. And with it they can get power. By promising money to people that don’t have money. Lots of it. Thanks to universal suffrage, they can bus as many poor, indigent and government-depended people to the polls as possible. And the more of them the better. For they will vote for whoever promises to give them the most free stuff. And why not? They have no skin in the game.
And by voting themselves a permanent entitlement, they will make themselves a permanent underclass. Where they will remain poor, indigent and government-depended. As government spending continues to grow unchecked, it will push people down the economic ladder until the middle class disappears. There will be only the rich (the government and the government-connected). And the poor. Just like in days of old. Which is the goal of our tax policy. You see, across the board tax cuts do not enhance the dependency-power relationship. But targeted tax cuts do. That’s why Big Government favors a complicated tax code. It enhances the dependency-power relationship. That empowers Big Government. Throws egalitarianism out the window. And makes life good for the ruling elite.
Tags: across the board tax cuts, aristocracy, Big Government, British, consent of money, constitutional monarchy, Democrat Party, dependency-power relationship, economic activity, Egalitarianism, England, English citizen, entitlement, feudalism, higher taxes, House of Commons, House of Lords, kings, landed aristocracy, landlords, liberalism, Magna Charter, middle class, nobility, North America, Parliament, peasants, permanent entitlement, permanent underclass, Political Corruption, politically expedient, politicians, poor peasants, property rights, representative government, responsible government, Runnymede, skin in the game, sovereign, tax code, tax policy, taxation without representation, taxes, the Crown, the masses, universal suffrage, wealthy landowners
We’ve Always Done Things This Way
The Old World was set in her ways. Change didn’t come easy. When it came it often spanned centuries. But not always. As the Roman Empire incorporated new territories into the empire, she modernized those new territories. Roads. Fresh water. Sanitation. Rule of law. Markets. The things that made cites better. Civilizations better. But as a civilization grows, so does its government. And as government grows, taxes inevitably become more onerous.
A sprawling empire required a sprawling bureaucracy to control it. And a huge standing army to protect it from without. And to police it from within. When you expand and conquer new territory, the spoils of conquest can fund your empire. When your borders are relatively static, though, you have to use alternative sources of funding. Taxation. As the tax burden grew, dissatisfaction grew. Fewer citizens volunteered to serve in Rome’s legions. So Rome relied more and more on hired armies. This increased the cost of empire. And it increased taxation. The tax burden grew so great that people gave up their small farms and worked for the bigger farms. Worked for the rich landowners. Some tried to quit farming all together. This caused problems in trying to feed Rome’s legions. And her bureaucracy. The food supply became so critical that the Romans wrote new laws forbidding people to leave their farms. Farmers were bound to the land. They could never leave. If you were born on the land you would farm the land. Forever.
During the decline of the Western Roman Empire you saw the rise of the economic system that would dominate the Middle Ages. Feudalism. As the Western Empire declined, the power began to shift to the rich landowners. As did loyalties. As the empire further disintegrated, the power of Rome could no longer protect you. Or feed you. And thus food and protection became the foundation of feudalism. Land owners, the nobles (i.e., lords), would let you work their lands. The bulk of the proceeds went to the landlord. But you also had a portion of the manor to farm for yourself. In exchange for the use of a lord’s land you provided military service to the lord. When needed to protect the lord and his lands. Property rights allowed the lord’s sons to inherit the estate upon his death. So property ownership became hereditary. As did the nobility. And so it would be for centuries.
England Leads the Way
From the nobles arose one. A dominant one. A ruler of nobles. A king. A king consolidated the many nobles’ estates into a kingdom. A country. And the king became sovereign. The supreme authority. The nobles pledged their loyalty to the king. Provided for the king. And fought for him when necessary. Thus the few, the many and the one. The masses (the many) served the lords and worked on their estates. The lords (the few) were the wealthy land owners who served the king. The king (the one) ruled the kingdom.
Thus the European monarchy was born. In France it was absolute. In England, in 1215, the nobles met King John on the meadow at Runnymede. And the king reluctantly set his seal to the Magna Carta. In England, there would be limits to the sovereign’s power. The king may be king, but the nobles held the wealth. And with it a lot of power. Sometimes they saw things differently. And the little people, the masses, often saw things differently than did the king and lords. These different interests were reconciled, in time, by king and Parliament, a two-house or bicameral legislature (comprised of the House of Commons and the House of Lords).
England was the place to be. Rule of law. Bill of rights. Commerce. Banking. Capitalism. Liberty. Food. Security. Your common everyday Englishman had a better quality of life than your common everyday [insert any other European national here]. As transoceanic trade took off, the great European powers collided with each other. Fought for that lucrative trade. In the Old World. And in the New World. These wars became very expensive. And some lasted for years. Like the Seven Years War. Which the British won. And took many French possessions throughout the world. But at a huge cost. She incurred a great debt. Especially in securing one of her colonies. British North America.
So England taxed her British American subjects. Only problem was, these English subjects had no representation in Parliament. And this was very un-English. Taxation without representation. This caused tension. Also, Great Britain’s mercantilist policies were also rubbing the colonists the wrong way. America was growing. And she wanted free trade. But that was impossible when the home country maintained a favorable balance of trade at your expense. And had the Royal Navy to enforce it. As a colony, everything had to ship to/from England ports on English ships so England could accumulate bullion. The British protected their industries. Her colonies fed raw materials to these industries. And that’s all they did.
Trouble brewed for a while. When Great Britain legislated what type of tea they could drink (only British East Indian tea), the American colonists had had enough. There was a tea party in Boston, a revolution and formal independence. And then a new nation. With a bicameral legislation. An executive. And a judiciary. It wasn’t quite Parliament, but was very similar in function. The president was the one. The Senate was the few. And the House of Representatives were the many. But there were key differences. There was no king. No hereditary nobility. And there would be no mercantilism. Despite Alexander Hamilton’s best efforts.
Let’s Just Agree to Disagree
Getting the colonies to come together to declare their independence was not easy. It helped that there was already a shooting war going on. Lexington and Concord. Bunker Hill. The coastal towns the British burnt and left in ruins. They were already fighting a rebellion. The declaration was almost a moot point. But it was important. And, after some arm twisting, they voted for independence and posted their Declaration of Independence. But that was then. After the Revolutionary War, there was no such unifying force. Everyone was back to looking out for number one. Well, most.
Locked in a Philadelphia hall during a sweltering summer thick with horseflies, a collection of America’s finest worked to create a new government. George Washington, Ben Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, to name just a few, could hardly agree on anything. The Constitution they created was not great in their eyes. But it was probably the best that they could do. So acknowledged, they sent it to the states for ratification. The odds were against them. It would take some persuading. And persuading they did. Hamilton and Madison (and John Jay) wrote a series of essays appearing in newspapers to make the case for ratification. They addressed and answered all arguments against ratification. (You can read these today in the Federalist Papers.) And this effort was successful. The states ratified the constitution. There was now a nation known as the United States of America.
Our first Secretary of the Treasury was Alexander Hamilton. A capitalist genius. And a great admirer of the British Empire. Being a recent transplant to the American Colonies, he had no deep-seated resentment of the former mother country. In fact, he wanted to emulate her. She was the greatest empire in the world. She was obviously doing something right. But he pushed too far. His mercantilist plans were a bit much for some. Especially the ‘simple’ farmers of the South. The planter elite. Led by Thomas Jefferson (covertly) and James Madison (overtly), they fought Hamilton tooth and nail and did everything to destroy him. (After seeing his plans Madison switched to the opposition.) And ultimately, did. When Aaron Burr shot him in a duel on the field of honor at Weehawken, New Jersey, across the Hudson from New York City. All because Hamilton tried everything within his power to keep him from becoming president of the United States and governor of New York. Because he was on unprincipled man. Burr took offense to that. And, well, the scoundrel challenged him to a duel and killed him. But I digress.
The American Ideology
The American ideology is simple. It includes things that have been proven to work. And excludes things that have been proven not to. A large, diverse people make up America. So at the heart of our ideology is that we agree to disagree.
We don’t have kings or nobility. We don’t have an entitled class. No hereditary rights. Here, it doesn’t matter who your father was. Or what group you belong to (religious, societal, etc.). No one person is better than another.
We have property rights and live under the rule of law. We honor legal contracts. We built our nation on laissez faire capitalism. Free markets. With a minimum of government interference. We do what we want and respect that others do what they want. And we are free to do this as long as we play by the rule of law.
It was a long road getting here. We took the best history had to offer. And rejected the worst that history included. Nations who did likewise went on to greatness, too (like the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, etc.). Those who didn’t have been repositories of great suffering and human bondage (North Korea, Cuba, The People’s Republic of China, the Soviet Union, etc.). Of the latter nations, please note that life is getting much better in China and the former Soviet Union with the introduction of capitalism and free markets. And it’s not in North Korea and Cuba where these governments stubbornly cling to failed policies to keep their governments in power. Whatever the cost is to their people.
It’s the Ideology, Stupid
Good ideology makes good nations. Bad ideology makes bad nations. A good nation can NOT take bad ideology and make it good. A good nation that implements bad ideology will only make that good nation bad. All people have the capacity for greatness. And that greatness will shine through if the government doesn’t suppress it. To see this all we have to do is look to history. It’s all there. The good. The bad. And the ugly.
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