The Founding Fathers were Gentlemen of the Enlightenment with Sound Philosophical Beliefs
Politicians have to win elections. They have to persuade and convince people to vote for them. Once upon a time that meant vigorous debate where candidates explained why their way was the better way. Going right back to the Founding. Where Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson bitterly contested each other’s vision for the country. And the debate often got dirty. Such as when Hamilton’s political enemies exposed his extramarital affair with the con-woman Mrs. Reynolds who seduced Hamilton with the purpose of blackmailing him. Who wanted to use this information to say he was involved in a bigger scheme with Mr. Reynolds in defrauding the federal government.
Treasury Secretary Hamilton met three gentlemen of the political opposition in private. Admitting to his affair. And proved beyond a shadow of doubt that all money paid to the blackmailers came from Hamilton’s private funds. Not a penny came from the Treasury Department. According to 18th century gentlemanly behavior the matter was closed. The affair was a personal matter. It would be imprudent to make it a public issue. But upon Hamilton’s retirement a bitter political enemy leaked this information to a scandalmonger. James Callender. Who wrote a book exposing this private matter. The History of the United States for the Year 1796. Jefferson had helped to finance Callender. And reveled in Hamilton’s scandal. But when you lie down with dogs, you get up with fleas. And Jefferson did. For Callender published articles confirming rumors that Jefferson had fathered children with his slave Sally Hemings.
Politics then were just as dirty as they are today. And often crossed the line. But underneath all the scandals and mudslinging there were philosophical principles. They did these things for principle. For they feared the opposition and what their policies would do the fledgling nation. There was political patronage and political corruption. But above that was a battle of competing political ideology. Waged by men well read in history. Familiar with John Locke. And Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu. Icons of the Enlightenment. Whose philosophies can be found in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. These Founding Fathers were rich propertied men. Established in their careers. Who had little left to prove. These gentlemen of the Enlightenment did what they did not for money or political favor. So they could live a more comfortable life. They did these things out of principle. Based on sound philosophical beliefs.
The Democrats try to Scare the Bejesus out of People to Get and Keep the Republicans out of Office
It’s not like that anymore. Instead of rich successful people entering politics for selfless reasons people of no accomplishments enter politics to become rich and powerful. Who have no principles. Who will buy and sell anyone to remain in power. Of course they don’t campaign by saying this. Instead, their campaigns are based on hopes and fears. And the telling a lot of lies. With little principle. Or sound philosophical beliefs.
In 2008 President Obama campaigned on hope and change. To get away from the partisan politics of the past. Democrats continue to peddle hope. Health care for everyone. College degrees for everyone. High-paying green jobs and energy independence. A return of manufacturing jobs. Spending our way out of recession with Keynesian stimulus spending. A bigger social safety net. Talking to our enemies instead of going to war with them. And making them like us by resolving all of our differences with diplomacy. That we can have whatever we want. If only we got the Republicans out of office.
While at the same time the Democrats try to scare the bejesus out of people if we don’t get and keep the Republicans out of office. For the Republicans want to take away birth control and abortion from women. And keep them from being independent and having careers. The poor will remain poor. The rich will get richer. And the hungry will die. Slavery will be reinstituted. The Republicans will tax the middle class more so they can give tax breaks to rich corporations. They will burden the nation with massive deficits with their tax cuts for the rich. Global warming will continue unchecked. Our drinking water will be polluted. And our atmosphere will become poisonous to breathe. All because Republicans put profit before people.
The Left tells a lot of Lies to Win Elections because all they have are Failed Keynesian Economic Policies
Republicans, on the other hand, peddle the hope that we can return to the prosperity of Ronald Reagan. By cutting tax rates. For throughout U.S. history whenever the government cut tax rates prosperity followed. As well as flooded the treasury with tax dollars. For contrary to the fear peddling of the Democrats cuts in tax rates have historically increased tax revenue. And can again. As Ronald Reagan campaigned in 1984, it can be Morning in America again. We can be prouder, stronger and better.
While at the same time Republicans like to scare people with national security issues. The Clinton administration handled terrorist attacks against America in the courts. Which emboldened America’s enemies into an escalation of attacks resulting in 9/11. The one in 2001. Not the attack in 2012 on the U.S consulate in Benghazi. While the Democrats believe our enemies hate us because George W. Bush made them hate us with his cowboy swaggering ways. And that was the only reason. Even though Bush had little time to swagger before the attacks on 9/11. Those in 2001. Not the ones in 2012. The Republicans say our enemies hate us for who we are. As we are too Christian. And allow our women to have careers and use birth control and abortion. Something our enemies won’t allow their women to have.
President Obama did not end partisan politics. He lied about that. For his administration has been perhaps the most partisan in U.S. history. With no interest whatsoever in compromise. He and the Democrats continue to lie about the Reagan tax cuts. And the Bush tax cuts. Blaming tax cuts for all our woes. And our deficits. Despite those tax cuts increasing tax revenue. They lied about a war on women. Having one of their cronies in the mainstream media create it by asking Mitt Romney if he wanted to take away women’s birth control. And they continuously spread the lie that the rich aren’t paying their fair share in taxes. When the top 10% of income earners pay about 70% of all federal income taxes.
So the Left tells a lot of lies to win elections. Because that’s all they have. They do not have a Morning in America they can talk about. Just failed Keynesian economic policies. Like the 4 years of Jimmy Carter. The 4 years of President Obama. And what may have been the 4 years of Bill Clinton had it not been for the Republicans taking control of Congress 2 years into his presidency. Of course the Republicans can tell a lie, too. The big one being their claim of being conservative like Ronald Reagan. As they too often fall for the lies coming from the Left. And appear more interested in living a comfortable life than sound philosophical beliefs.
Tags: 9/11, abortion, Alexander Hamilton, birth control, Bush, Callender, debate, deficits, Democrats, elections, Enlightenment, fear, Founding Fathers, Hamilton, hope, Jefferson, Keynesian, lies, Morning in America, partisan, philosophical beliefs, philosophical principles, politicians, politics, principles, Reagan, Republicans, Reynolds, Ronald Reagan, scandals, tax cuts, Thomas Jefferson, war on women, women
Jefferson could not Turn a Profit on his Plantation and was Forever in Debt Leading to a Lifelong Disdain for Merchants and Bankers
At the time of the Founding America was (and would be for a long time) an agrarian nation. A country of farmers. Big and small. Rich plantations. And lots of hard-working family farms that were far from being rich. Yeomen famers. Who, to borrow a phrase from Oliver Wendell Douglas, “got their hands dirty!” For those of you too young to recognize this line it’s from the 1960s classic sitcom Green Acres. Where Douglas was a rich New York City (NYC) attorney who moved out of NYC to Hooterville to be a farmer. Who he called the backbone of America. Much like Thomas Jefferson.
Douglas and Jefferson shared a lot in common. Both were lawyers. Both were part of high society. And both could make a good speech (or put something great in writing). Douglas lived on Park Avenue in NYC. And he and his wife travelled in the top social circles. Just like Jefferson. They both enjoyed the best of the best. But neither were very good farmers. The Douglas farm was a disaster despite his best efforts. While Jefferson could not turn a profit on his plantation. And was forever in debt. Leading to a lifelong disdain for merchants and bankers. Especially merchant bankers.
Alexander Hamilton was born on the British Isle of Nevis. And raised in St. Croix. Hamilton was a bastard child. Illegitimate. A stigma that spurred him to do everything aggressively in his life to show he was not a second-class person. He worked at an early age. In commerce. And he was very good. A natural. Very smart. And brave. A veteran of two American wars. He loved America. But having been born and raised outside of the country he had no allegiance to any state. Put it all together and it made Hamilton a nationalist.
Jefferson wanted to hold on to the Agrarian Past while Hamilton wanted to bring on the Industrial Revolution
Hamilton was just as much a Patriot as the other Founding Fathers. Perhaps more so as he actually served in the Continental Army. And while serving he saw how poor military power and poor financial power made a country dangerously weak. The Americans almost lost their Revolution because of a weak nation that could not provide for her army. So he wanted to make America strong. And united. The key in Hamilton’s eyes to making America a powerful nation (like Great Britain) that could stand up against any enemy was a strong union. And in the Washington administration he advanced policies towards that end. Ironically, policies that would do more to drive the nation apart.
So Hamilton (Secretary of Treasury) and Jefferson (Secretary of State) could not be more different. And as they started to push their agendas in the Washington administration they grew to hate each other. For their visions for America couldn’t be more different. Despite both being ardent Patriots. Jefferson wanted to hold on to the agrarian past. While Hamilton wanted to bring on the Industrial Revolution. Jefferson believed in the landed aristocracy built upon virtue and talent. Not the aristocracy money could buy you. Or birth or a title like in a monarchy. Which Jefferson believed Hamilton was trying to turn America into. As did all the farmers throughout the South and in the West. Who all hated bankers and merchants. Those people who made money off of other people’s labors. Investors and speculators. While speculation in land, on the other hand, was perfectly acceptable as it was what the southern gentry did to acquire their wealth.
And so began the political parties. The Federalists were for a strong national government that Hamilton tried to make as strong as possible. And the anti-Federalists. Who already felt that the national government had grown too strong. Or as they would become under Jefferson’s leadership, the Republicans (which were NOT the forbears of the current Republican Party). In general, southern planters. While Hamilton led the Federalists. In general, northern businessmen. The game of politics was born. And it got dirty pretty quickly. Thanks to each party’s friends in the media. The newspapers of the day. Which were pretty much political arms of these parties.
The Newspapers launched Vitriol at each Other including a Lot of Lies, Slander and Libel
The Treasury Department was the largest government department. It was huge. With a huge budget. Whereas the State Department was basically Jefferson and a few clerks. Hamilton no doubt felt he was the most important man in America next to the president. And Jefferson was sure that Hamilton was using his position to steal money from the treasury. So sure that Jefferson and his Republicans launched Congressional investigations that turned up nothing. Convincing Jefferson that Hamilton was a better thief than even he had imagined. Jefferson still pressed and had a colleague introduce multiple resolutions in Congress against Hamilton hoping to get Hamilton thrown from office on a House vote. The House voted down all resolutions.
James Reynolds was a con man who made his money by defrauding veterans. And other criminal pursuits. Tired of the scale of these scores he came to Philadelphia to make some bigger money. By using his wife, Maria, to seduce and have an affair with Alexander Hamilton. So he could blackmail him. Which she did. Then he did. When Reynolds’ criminal past caught up with him and sent him to jail he talked about the affair. Which was more than just an affair. He told some Republicans that he and Hamilton were using treasury funds to fund speculation for personal gain. Jefferson and the Republicans were overjoyed. Sure that they at last had a way to get rid of Hamilton. When confronted in his home to answer these charges he fessed up and told the truth. Which included no speculation with treasury funds. While all the money paid to Reynolds came from his own pocket. All treasury funds were present and accounted for. Politicians being the gentlemen they were then were satisfied and promised to never speak of Hamilton’s marital indiscretions.
So the political battle between Hamilton and Jefferson would carry on in the press. Hamilton contributed most of his writings to the Gazette of the United States which wrote positively about Federalist policies. And enjoyed a national circulation. So Jefferson countered that by setting up a Republican national paper. The National Gazette. Who James Madison helped kick off by convincing Philip Freneau to come to Philadelphia to edit the paper. Which he did. And Jefferson helped him with his finances by hiring him into the State Department. Putting him on the payroll to attack Washington’s treasury secretary while he was the sitting Secretary of State. Trying to undermine the very administration he belonged to. And the war between the two men escalated. The papers launched vitriol at each other. Including a lot of lies, slander and libel. Enlisting other papers to join in the journalistic malfeasance. People who talk about negative political campaigns today have no idea how ugly it was back then. There was no interest in reaching across the aisle. They just wanted to destroy the opposition so they could advance their policies. Much like it is today. Only without it being about principle. But advancing the privileged government class. That other aristocracy that Jefferson hated.
Tags: agrarian past, Alexander Hamilton, anti-Federalists, aristocracy, bankers, famer, Federalists, Freneau, Hamilton, Industrial Revolution, James Reynolds, Jefferson, merchants, Patriots, Philip Freneau, plantation, press, Republicans, Reynolds, Reynolds affair, Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury, speculator, Thomas Jefferson, Washington administration