Week in Review
Obamacare so far has been a disaster. The website is a billion dollar embarrassment for the Obama administration. The lack of enrollees. Far more old and sick signing up than young and healthy. Millions of people losing the health insurance they liked and wanted to keep. People losing their doctors. People going to doctors thinking they have health insurance only to find out they don’t. The health insurers are looking at huge losses unless they get a federal bailout. Even the credit rating agencies have said the entire health insurance industry is in danger of going belly up because of Obamacare.
Still the Obamacare supporters say everything will be fine. Just give it time. Sure, there has been a bump or two during the rollout. But it’s getting better every day. While there are some who are saying these problems are all due to the insurance companies. And that we need to cut them out of the loop. And go with a single-payer system. Like they have in Canada. So we can at last have the same high-quality system they have where everyone has everything they need when they need it regardless of cost. A health care utopia. Where if you’re sick it doesn’t matter if you’re rich or poor. You’ll get to wait the same 4 hours to see a doctor as everyone else in Canada has to wait (see Would you pay to not wait in your doctor’s waiting room? This company is betting on it by Erin Anderssen posted 1/22/2014 on The Globe and Mail).
In your hand, you hold the number 52. The nurse shepherding patients through the walk-in clinic just called 12, which means you can expect to be waiting hours.
What’s your time worth? A Montreal-based company is betting you’d be willing to pay less than the equivalent of a grande latte for your “freedom” from the coughing, sniffling and tedium of a doctor’s waiting room. Chronometriq has created a text service – $3 in Quebec (and the expected cost of $4 in Ontario) – that will buzz you on your phone as your number approaches. The company expects the technology, now in place in 24 clinics in Quebec, to expand to 50 walk-in clinics by spring, including some Ontario locations, pending approval from the provincial health ministry.
Its next stop is hospital emergency rooms, where Canadians endure longer waits than citizens of 11 other OECD countries, according to a study released last year.
But it’s also controversial: After all, the program introduces a questionable user-pay element to Canada’s health care system. (The program is optional – you can still save your pennies and linger in the waiting room.)
As Natalie Mehra, executive director of the Ontario Health Coalition, points out, it won’t do anything to reduce actual wait times in ERs, where according to the international study 31 per cent of Canadian wa[i]ted more than four hours to be seen by a doctor in 2010. (The average among all countries included was 12 per cent.) “It is not improving access to care at all,” Mehra says. “The issue is people waiting too long to get in the door.”
That’s the point, argues Louis Parent, Chronometriq vice-president. “How many years have government said they will tackle wait times. And nothing has changed. We have to face facts.”
Critics of national health care say it will lead to rationing and longer wait times. As it has in Canada. Why? Because government can’t do anything well. The huge bureaucracy adds costs by adding layers of people between doctors and patients. To determine what treatment a doctor may provide for his or her patient. More and more health care dollars pay for the bureaucracy instead of actually treating patients. While at the same time an aging population is reducing the number of taxpayers while increasing the number of people consuming taxpayer-funded health care services. Which means health care providers have to do more with less. They have to carefully ration what they have. Which leads to longer waiting times as patients wait their turn for those limited health care services.
This is where the left wants to take the American health care system to. Even as countries around the world are having the same problems Canada has. Many of which are privatizing parts of their national health care. Even Canada. Who is now charging some patients for the privilege of receiving a text to tell them when their 4 hours of waiting are nearly up. Of course the Canadians are having these problems because they are not as smart as the American left. Who after never doing it before will know how to do national health care right. Just look at how well they rolled out Obamacare.
Tags: Canada, clinic, doctor, emergency room, health insurance, hospital, insurance companies, insurers, National health care, Obamacare, Ontario, patient, Quebec, Single payer, wait, wait times, waiting room
Week in Review
The political left has long wanted national health care in the United States. And often point to Canada and their health care system. For the left does not believe that anyone should be denied their right to medical care. Or that anyone should profit off of the medical misfortunes of others. So everybody gets free medical care. While no one is allowed to profit from the giving of that care. A noble idea. But a flawed idea. For being a doctor or a nurse is not easy. It requires years of education. Further years of on the job training. Enormous school loan debt. And long and stressful working days. Not everyone can do it. Which is why we pay those who do well. Unless you have national health care. Which leads to doctor and nurse shortages because they don’t pay their doctors and nurses as well as they do in a private health care system (see Ad aims to lure Quebec doctors to Ontario, targeting values posted 9/12/2013 on CBC News).
An Ontario hospital is trying to lure Quebec-trained health-care workers by tapping into the controversy surrounding Quebec’s values charter.
Lakeridge Health is planning to run the ad, which features a woman wearing a headscarf, in a McGill University student newspaper.
The ad says: “We don’t care what’s on your head. We care what’s in it…”
Empey said the hospital is in need of qualified medical staff and they chose to target the ad at McGill students because they have a strong medical program…
Quebec’s proposed secular values charter, announced earlier this week by the Parti Québécois government, includes a provision that would prohibit public employees from wearing obvious religious symbols while performing their official duties.
That includes the wearing of kippas, turbans, burkas, hijabs and “large” crosses by civil servants while they are on the job.
There isn’t a whole lot of love between French Canada and English Canada. Personally I love both Canadas. I spent a lot of time in both and the people couldn’t have been nicer to me. It’s just each other they have a problem with. I won’t go into details about that as it is not necessary to make a point. That point being that English Canada is trying to lure French Canada to come and be doctors and nurses in their hospitals because there is a doctor and nurse shortage. This despite the fact they don’t love each other. Which shows how bad that shortage is.
It is admirable that English Canada is offering these French Canadians a place to work without having to suspend their religious principles. But note one thing English Canada is NOT doing. Offering these doctors and nurses more money. Because they just can’t afford to. So they hope to exploit Quebec’s new secular values charter to cure a problem common to national health care. Doctor and nurse shortages. But if Ontario reduces their shortage it will only increase the shortage in Quebec. For national health care is a zero-sum game. For someone to win someone must lose. As there are a finite number of doctors and nurses in Canada.
This is what Obamacare will do for the American health care system. Create doctor and nurse shortages. Because Obamacare is going to fix the high cost of health care by paying doctors and nurses less. Because no one should profit from the medical misfortunes of others. But it is okay for patients to wait longer to see a doctor. Apparently.
Tags: Canada, doctor, doctor and nurse shortages, English Canada, French Canada, medical care, National health care, nurse, Obamacare, Ontario, Quebec, religious, secular, secular values charter
Week in Review
If you think there is hostility between liberals and conservatives in the United States try this. Go to Ontario, Canada, and greet someone by saying, “Bonjour personne anglophone. Permettez-moi de parler lentement alors même que vous mon obtus ami peut comprendre ma langue supérieure. (Which, according to Bing, translates to “Hello English-speaking person. Let me speak slowly so even you my dim-witted friend may understand my superior language.”)
Do NOT do this. Because if you do you may really offend someone and cause an international incident. For the English-speaking Canadians are not exactly thrilled with French-speaking Canadians and their French language agenda. Who even have language police enforcing a French-only language law in Quebec (see Quebec language cops object to yogurt shop’s spoons by Giuseppe Valiante, QMI Agency, posted 6/21/2013 on the Toronto Sun).
David Lipper said he had no idea his two Menchies Frozen Yogurt franchises in the Montreal area were carrying potential contraband.
Lipper said he “was so paranoid to ensure everything in the store was in French” that he missed a pivotal item: the yogurt spoons.
Lipper said an inspector told him he violated the province’s language laws and the oversight will cost his head office at least $30,000…
The “cow” spoon is engraved with the words “sweet moosic!” The language inspector who visited Lipper’s yogurt shop a few days ago didn’t appreciate the play on words.
So why are the English-speaking Canadians so upset with the French-speaking Canadians? Because of things like this. While every other province outside of Quebec has to be bilingual. All of their businesses, their courts, their stores and even their road signs have to be in both English and French. Which costs a pretty penny. Yet in Quebec there is no English allowed. Despite Canada being officially bilingual.
So don’t go up to an English-speaking Canadian and say something rude to them in French. For it is almost certain that they will fail to see the humor in it.
For the record the French were first to Canada. The lower town of Quebec City dates back to 1603. So they had a lot of history there before the British defeated them in the Seven Years’ War and made French Canada British. So you can understand their desire to keep the French language, customs and institutions alive in the heart of what was once New France. But on the other hand they have imposed bilingualism on the rest of Canada. Where the vast majority of these people trace their history back to the British. So it is a touchy subject. And will forever remain one. Just be polite and respectful to whomever you talk to in Canada and you can’t go wrong. For they are a kind people. And will treat you like family.
Tags: bilingual, Canada, English, English-speaking Canadians, French, French-speaking Canadians, language police, Montreal, Quebec
Arnold prevented a British Drive down the Hudson Valley to separate New England from the Rest of the Colonies
There was a fine line between Patriot and Loyalist. And between Patriot and traitor. For Benedict Arnold, at least. Who went from Patriot to hero to traitor. Some would argue that if it weren’t for Benedict Arnold we may not have won the American Revolutionary War. And they may be right. Yet at the same time he almost single-handedly lost the Revolutionary War.
Benedict Arnold was both the best and the worst of Americans during the Revolution. For he was a complex man. And a flawed man. After hostilities broke out at Lexington and Concord Arnold led his company from New Haven to Boston. One of the first to answer the call of duty after that fateful day when a shot was fired that was heard ’round the world. He was in it from the get-go. A Patriot. When it became apparent that the Americans lacked the artillery to attack the British in the fortified Boston they looked west. To Fort Ticonderoga. The Massachusetts Committee of Safety directed Arnold to raise a force and march on Fort Ticonderoga. Capture it. And bring back their cannon for action on the British fortifications at Boston. The Connecticut Committee of Safety, not knowing of the orders given to Arnold, gave similar orders to Ethan Allen. These two leaders met on the way to Ticonderoga. Argued a little. Then shared command. Captured Ticonderoga. Ethan Allen dragged the captured cannon back to Boston while Arnold went on and captured Crown Point. Captured a British ship. Sailed it to St. John. And captured it.
Right from the beginning Arnold was what the Americans needed. An aggressive leader who took the initiative. And he would again. But Arnold was also a prima donna. He yearned for glory. Shortly after Ticonderoga Congress decided on a Canadian campaign. To conquer the British in Montreal and Quebec (City) so the Canadians could join the Americans as the fourteenth colony. While a campaign was put together for Montreal Arnold persuaded General Washington for another campaign he would lead through Maine to Quebec. Washington approved.
Arnold’s Action around Saratoga brought the French into the War and Changed everything for Britain
So Arnold gathered his force. Including one Daniel Morgan. And marched through the inhospitable wilderness of Maine in some unpleasant weather. His men were wet, hungry, cold and miserable. They made it to Quebec and assaulted the fortress in a January blizzard. It did not go well. Richard Montgomery, coming to join Arnold after conquering Montreal, was killed in the attack. Arnold was wounded. The Americans retreated. First to Montreal. Then all the way back to Ticonderoga. Battling the British in a rearguard action. While smallpox decimated the American ranks. British General Carleton was in hot pursuit coming down to Lake Champlain. Where Arnold would meet him. He threw together a small makeshift squadron and met Carleton in battle on Lake Champlain. Arnold lost his fleet. But he delayed Carleton a month. Unprepared for a winter campaign, Carleton retreated. Thus Arnold prevented a British drive down the Hudson valley to separate New England from the rest of the colonies.
About a year later British General John Burgoyne launched a three-pronged attack consisting of a force attacking east from Oswego through the Mohawk valley. A force attacking north up the Hudson River from New York. And a force led by Burgoyne taking the same route Carleton had a year earlier. Down through Lake Champlain and into the upper Hudson valley. All three prongs to converge around Albany. To cut off New England from the rest of the colonies. The southern prong coming out of New York never materialized, though. For General Howe was busy running around in Pennsylvania. While the other two prongs got bogged down before reaching their objectives. Burgoyne himself was having some trouble around a little town called Saratoga. Burgoyne’s lines of communications were stretched dangerously long. He was getting into trouble. At the same time, though, political intrigue changed the American commander. Horatio Gates replaced General Schuler. Gates was content to trust his defenses and wait for the British assault. Arnold saw the British were going to attempt to turn a weak American flank at Freeman’s Farm. He argued with Gates to counter that move. He finally gave in and agreed to send a force that included Daniel Morgan’s riflemen. As that battle ebbed and flowed Arnold led a force against the British center.
Arnold saved the day. Had he received reinforcements he may have defeated the British army that day. Instead Gates relieved Arnold of his command. And marginalized him in his report to Congress. At the subsequent battle at Bemis Heights Arnold, without a command, gathered some men and assaulted some British fortifications as the British retired behind them. Breached the fortifications. Sending the British in retreat all the way back to Saratoga. Getting a horse shot out from underneath him in the process. And taking another bullet in the leg. Because of Arnold’s action around Saratoga Burgoyne had no choice but to ask for terms of surrender. And he surrendered to General Horatio Gates. Who got all the glory. While his part in this victory was marginal at best. But this victory was big. It brought the French into the war. Which changed everything for Britain. Who now had a world war on their hands. And the Spanish would later join that war against the British. As allies to the French. Then Catherine the Great of Russia led a drive for an armed neutrality of the other nations not taking sides in this new world war. Which isolated Britain further. Making it more difficult to interdict supplies going to the American rebels on neutral ships.
We remember Benedict Arnold not for the Hero he was but for the Traitor he Became
You could say that Benedict Arnold made this all possible. By saving New England twice. First by delaying Carleton on Lake Champlain. Then winning the battles at Freeman’s Farm and Bemis Heights. But did he get the glory? No. Some respected him. General Washington did. But the politics of the Congress were against him. Which was a problem for a man like Arnold. Who had a huge ego. Was arrogant. A bit of a hothead. And had a gambling problem. Put it all together and it caused this Patriot to become a traitor. Because he was not given the proper respect for his glorious achievements. And saving the American cause time and again. If the American political elite would not give him the proper respect the British would. And made a deal with him. Money and security for the rest of his life for him and his family. In exchange for information. And control of the Hudson River via the forts of West Point.
Arnold asked for and got command of West Point from General Washington. And then started feeding the British inside information. And began making plans for the handover of West Point to the British. To finally sever New England from the rest of the colonies. And it might have happened as planned if not for his British contact, Major André, being caught behind the American lines out of uniform with plans of how to capture the forts of West Point. Arnold was to meet General Washington that day who by then knew of André’s capture. Arnold did not. But he found out just in time to escape to the British lines. André was not so lucky. For the Americans hanged him as a spy.
Arnold would return to America. As a British general. Landing in Virginia and leading an army of Loyalist Tories near the end of the war. Doing some damage. But he would never recapture past glories. He would retire to England. Pretty much a footnote in the British history of the American Revolutionary War. For their investment in Arnold delivered little. So Arnold would live out his remaining days a man with no real country. He could never return to America. And the British never really accepted him. Americans and British alike lamented the death of Major André. Who died because of Arnold. A death he nevertheless faced with honor and courage. But Arnold would suffer a worse fate. Indifference. He mattered to no one. He had no honor. Lived another 20 years or so. Insignificant. And died a traitor. Which is the only thing we remember him for. Not the hero he was. But the traitor he became.
Tags: Allen, American Revolutionary War, Arnold, Artillery, Bemis Heights, Benedict Arnold, Boston, Britain, British, Burgoyne, Canadian, cannon, Carleton, Committee of Safety, Daniel Morgan, Ethan Allen, Fort Ticonderoga, Freeman's Farm, French, Gates, General Washington, hero, Horatio Gates, Hudson River, Lake Champlain, Loyalist, Maine, Major André, Montreal, New England, Patriot, Quebec, Revolutionary War, Saratoga, Ticonderoga, traitor, Washington, West Point
The French claimed great Territories in the New World but they did not Settle them nor could they Defend Them
In the Age of Discovery the Old World discovered the New World. The Portuguese bumped into Brazil while sailing around Africa. And they stayed awhile. Which explains how the language from tiny Portugal is one of the top ten spoken languages in the world today. Because of Brazil. Population 205,716,890 in 2012. The Spanish pretty much discovered and settled the rest of South and Central America. Working their way up the Pacific coast of North America. And into Mexico, Texas and Florida. Because of this Spanish is now the 4th most spoken language in the world. The British discovered and settled North America east of the Appalachians between Maine and Georgia. They also settled parts of Canada south of the Hudson Bay. And some of the Maritime Provinces. Today English is the 2nd most spoken language in the world. The French also came to the New World. But they weren’t as successful. Today French is only the 10th most spoken language in the world.
The Age of Discovery was also the age of mercantilism. Which is why the Old World was racing to settle the New World. So they could establish colonies. And ship back raw materials to the mother country. And in Spain’s case, all the gold and silver they could find. Which they found a lot of. Mercantilism is a zero-sum game. To maximize the export of manufactured goods. And to maximize the import of raw materials and bullion. To always maintain a positive balance of trade. And whoever had the most overseas colonies sending raw material back to the mother country won. And as they expanded throughout the New World they eventually began to bump into each other. As well as the Native Americans. Who weren’t mercantilists. But hunters and gatherers. Like all Europeans were some 5,000 years or so earlier. Before they became farmers. Moved into cities. Where they took control of their environment. And became more efficient. Growing ever larger populations on smaller tracts of land. Which proved to be a great threat to the Indians. For when these Europeans took their land they also increased their numbers. Greatly. And this fast growing population had the latest in war-fighting technology.
Soon they were stepping on each others’ toes in the New World. The British and the Spanish north of Florida. The British and the French between the Mississippi River and the Appalachians. In New Brunswick. And large parts of Ontario and Quebec. A lot more territory was in dispute between the British and the French. And that’s because the French claimed so much territory in North America. Their claims included the lands around the St. Lawrence Seaway. All the land around the Great Lakes. And pretty much the total watershed into the Mississippi River. The French had profitable business in the fur trade. They used the rivers in North America for that trade. With a few forts scattered along the way. Where they traded with the Indians. But the big difference between the French and everyone else is that the French claimed the land. But they didn’t settle it. Which made the Native Americans tolerate them more than the other Europeans in the New World. But in the days of the mercantilist empires that was a problem. Because everyone wanted everyone else’s land. And if it wasn’t settled with large and growing populations, someone else was just going to take it.
The Proclamation of 1763 and the Quebec Act of 1774 tried to make Peace with the Indians but Inflamed the Americans
And that’s what happened in the French and Indian War (1754–1763). The European powers came into conflict with each other over their North American territories. The British came out the big winners. And the French were the big losers. Losing pretty much everything east of the Mississippi to the British. And everything west of the Mississippi to Spain. The various Indian tribes fought alongside the various European powers. But it is the fighting on the side of the French that we know them for in this war. Where their fighting against the British Americans was some of the cruelest fighting in the war. For the Indians liked the non-settling ways of the French. While they didn’t care for the settling ways of the American colonists at all. Who kept encroaching on their hunting grounds. So at the conclusion of the French and Indian War the Native Americans were restless. Something the British were keenly aware of. And after the long and expensive war they just fought they didn’t want a return to hostilities. So King George III issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763. Setting the border between the British American colonists and the Indian lands along the watershed of Appalachia. Lands where the rivers flowed to the Atlantic Ocean were the American colonists’ lands. Lands where the rivers flowed into the Mississippi River and its tributaries (east of the Mississippi) were Indian lands.
This did not go very well with the American colonists. For they planned to expand west until they could expand west no further. At the shore of the Pacific Ocean. Especially Virginia. Who wanted to expand into Kentucky. And into the Ohio Country (across the Ohio River from Kentucky). Before the Proclamation of 1763 could even go into affect the Indians rose up in the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country and Ohio Country. Where the British displaced the French. Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763–66). A rather nasty and brutal war where the Indians killed women and children as well as prisoners. And the British used biological warfare against the Indians. Giving the Indians smallpox-infested blankets. In 1774 Parliament passed the Quebec Act. Which did a lot to further annoy the American colonists. Especially that part about extending the province of Quebec (the former French territory from Labrador all the way to the Great Lakes region) south into the Ohio and Illinois country. Many lumped the Quebec act in with the Intolerable Acts of 1774 which were to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. All these acts of Parliament and proclamations of the Crown failed in one of their main objects. Maintaining the peace on the frontier. One year later there was another shooting war in North America. And this one did not end well for the British.
The American Revolutionary War evolved into a World War. Once the Americans defeated a British army at Saratoga the French joined the American cause and declared war on Great Britain. Eager to get back their North American territories. The Spanish would join the French in alliance and declared war on Great Britain. Primarily to settle some old scores in the Old World as opposed to helping the American cause. They had the lands west of the Mississippi and control of that same river. They had no desire to see the Americans advance any further west. In fact, they wanted to expand their territory at the expense of both the Americans and the British. The Indians, meanwhile, saw the Americans as the greatest threat and allied with their two-time past enemy. The British.
The Indians were Little More than Bystanders while the Europeans Traded their Land with each Other
The war in the frontier lands of the West was as nasty and brutal as ever. The British coordinated their war effort against the Americans from their frontier outposts. Where they traded with their Indian allies. Some even paying the Indians for each scalp they brought back from their raids. And so the Indians crossed the Ohio River into Kentucky. Throughout the war. And attacked these frontier settlements. While the Americans fought a defensive war. Until one man arose. Who believed the strongest defense was a strong offense. And he took the war to the Indians and the British in the West. Saving Kentucky. And conquered the Northwest Territory.
George Rogers Clark’s plan for conquering the Northwest was bold. First take Vincennes (in southern Indiana near the Illinois border). Travel up the Wabash River. Down the Maumee River. And then on to Detroit. After taking Detroit head north to Michilimackinac (on the northern tip of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula). The Virginian authorities liked the plan. And commissioned him colonel in the Virginian forces. And authorized him to conquer the Northwest. For Virginia. So Clark led his men down the Ohio River. And traveled all the way to Kaskaskia near the Mississippi River in southern Illinois. Not far from St. Louis. Took it. And marched to Vincennes. And took Fort Sackville at Vincennes. Shortly thereafter Henry Hamilton (who had a reputation for buying scalps from the Indians), governor of Detroit, Left Detroit and headed to Vincennes. Gathering Indians along the way. Recaptured Vincennes. Then Clark returned and in one of the most fabled actions of the entire Revolutionary War took back Vincennes. Despite the British and Indians greatly outnumbering Clark’s force. Detroit lay open. But Clark did not have the men or provisions for that conquest.
Meanwhile the Spanish were looking to cash in on their alliance with France. And moved against British outposts from New Orleans. Taking Baton Rouge. Natchez. Mobile. And Pensacola. To turn back the Spanish Governor Sinclair of Michilimackinac gathered a force and headed to the Spanish outpost St. Louis. With the ultimate goal of taking New Orleans. It did not go well. The following year the Spanish launched an offensive of their own to take Detroit. They got as far as St. Joseph on the other side of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula. Around the bottom of Lake Michigan from Chicago. A lot of land changed hands in the Northwest. But thanks to Clark much of it remained in American hands at the end of the war. Who came out the big winners in this war. The British ceded all their claims east of the Mississippi to the Americans. Including all of the Illinois and Ohio country. Including Michigan and the lands surrounding the Great Lakes south of Canada. The French did not drive the peace as they had hoped. And recovered none of their North American territories. The Spanish emerged with pretty much what they had when they entered. Only with the Americans across the Mississippi instead of the British. Who were much more interested in westward expansion than the British. But they didn’t have to worry about the Americans crossing the Mississippi. For Napoleon strong-armed the Louisiana Territory from the French in exchange for some land in Tuscany. Who would later sell it to the Americans. While being rather vague on the exact boundaries. Which the Spanish would have to worry about in the years to come as the Americans headed west. Towards Spanish country on the west coast.
Of course the Indians were the greatest losers. For they were little more than bystanders while the Europeans traded their land with each other. Making the Native Americans ever more restless. And unwilling to give up their hunting and gathering ways. Which sealed their faith. For while they retreated west the American population exploded. Due to their efficient use of the land. It was the New World against the Very Old World. Modern farming civilizations displaced the hunters and gatherers everywhere in the world. A trend that started some 5,000 years earlier. And the history of North America would be no different. The Indian ways since then have been fast disappearing. The Indian languages were so rarely spoken in the 20th century that the code based on it was the one code the Japanese couldn’t crack during World War II.
Tags: Age of Discovery, American cause, American Revolutionary War, Americans, Appalachia, Appalachian, Britain, British, British Americans, Clark, colonies, Detroit, English, Europeans, France, French, French and Indian War, frontier, frontier outposts, George Rogers Clark, Great Britain, Great Lakes, hunters and gatherers, hunting grounds, Illinois country, Indian allies, Indians, Kentucky, Louisiana Territory, Lower Peninsula, mercantilism, Michilimackinac, Mississippi, Mississippi River, Native Americans., New Orleans, New World, North America, Northwest Territory, Ohio Country, Ohio River, Old World, Parliament, Proclamation of 1763, Quebec, Quebec Act, Quebec Act of 1774, Revolutionary War, Spain, Spanish, St. Louis, Vincennes, Virginia
Week in Review
They speak English in America. Canada is bilingual. They speak English and French. They speak English in the United Kingdom. They speak French in France. German in Germany. Japanese in Japan. And English in Australia. Planes fly between all of these countries. Flight crews are in constant communications with air traffic controllers during these flights. At departing airports. With en route controllers. And at their destination airports. Communication is important. Because there are a lot of airplanes in the air. And it’s the direction giving from these air traffic controllers that keep these planes from flying into each other. So this communication is very important. And it’s because of this there is a universal language for international flights. English. But not just any English. The official language spoken by these flight crews is American English. Because it’s the most common form of English spoken. And therefore the most easily understood.
International flying, though, is not the only place communication is important. It’s also good practice to make sure doctors speak the language their patients speak. To prevent any accidents from arising due to a misunderstanding (see Consultation over language tests for foreign doctors posted 4/18/2012 on BBC News UK).
Doctors wanting to work for the NHS will have to prove they are fluent in English if proposals go ahead…
The move comes after the case of Daniel Ubani, a German locum doctor who gave a 70-year-old patient a fatal painkiller overdose on his first and only shift in Britain in February 2008…
Niall Dickson, chief executive of the General Medical Council, said: “This is a vital issue for patients – they must be able to have confidence that the doctor who treats them has the communication skills needed for the job.”
Yes, communication is important. Which is why an official language is important in a country. So people can understand each other. Read road signs while driving. To understand what you’re eating in case you have a food allergy. To explain to a doctor what household chemical your child swallowed that is making him sick. There are times when there is no time for a translator. And it’s not cultural insensitivity. Someone shouldn’t expect a doctor to be bilingual at home. Just as we shouldn’t expect people in other countries to be bilingual there for our cultural sensitivity. If you live in a country you should just learn their language.
Canada is interesting in this respect. The province of Quebec has forced a bilingual language standard on the rest of Canada. So in most parts of Canada signs are in both French and English. But not in Quebec City. The capital of New France. Where their provincial motto is “Je Me Souviens.” Which means ‘I remember’. That I’m French. For in Quebec City the signs are only in one language. French. (At least the last time I was there.) So the larger part of Canada has accommodated the smaller province of Quebec. But Quebec shows no cultural sensitivity to the larger part of Canada. Interesting. Which is always fun to discuss with my Canadian friends. Both in Quebec. And in the larger part of Canada.
Tags: bilingual, Canada, communication, cultural insensitivity, cultural sensitivity, doctors, English, French, language, NHS, patients, Quebec, Quebec City
When the American Colonists rebelled against their British Overlords it created a Complex Political Landscape
For about a hundred years the nations of Europe had been at war. Over religion (Protestantism versus Catholicism). Oversea colonies to build trade networks. And the balance of power of the European nations. Often tilted by the acquisitions of their overseas possessions. These nations have been at war with each other off and on from the late 17th century to the late 18th century. Alliances formed and shifted during this century of war. But one thing was constant. The Protestant British and the Catholic French were always on opposing sides.
The most recent war that ended in 1763 (the Seven Year’s War) was a particularly bitter pill for the French to swallow. They lost pretty much all of New France in North America to Great Britain. Including Quebec City. Founded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608. The British occupation defiled 155 years of French history. This was the heart and soul of New France. The French culture was so deep that they still speak French there today, having never accepted their British overlords. And never have forgotten their French heritage. For as Quebec’s official motto says today, “Je me souviens.” Which translates to, “I remember.” Remember what? That they were French. And remain French.
When the American colonists rebelled against their British overlords it created a complex political landscape. In a drawn out war with Great Britain the Americans would more than likely need foreign assistance. Meaning an alliance. However, the reason why they declared their independence from Great Britain had a lot to do with all those European wars that Britain fought. Which were expensive. As was the following peace. For they now had to defend their newly conquered lands. Exhausted from all these wars the British taxpayers felt taxed out. So Parliament turned to their British brethren in America. And taxed them. Which led, of course, to the Americans’ Declaration of Independence. So the Americans were very wary of joining into any European alliances. Fearful that the Europeans would pull them into a future European war. And bankrupt them. Before they even had a chance to become a country.
The European Monarchs weren’t going to help the Americans Rebel against Monarchy out of the Goodness of their Hearts
So the Americans were wary of alliances. But they were thinking about it. Especially with the most likely candidate for an alliance. In September of 1776 John Adams wrote, “our negotiations with France ought, however, to be conducted with great caution, and with all the foresight we could possibly attain; that we ought not to enter into any alliance with her which should entangle us in any future wars in Europe; that we ought to lay it down as a first principle and a maxim never to be forgotten, to maintain an entire neutrality in all future European wars; that it never could be in our interest to unite with France in the destruction of England, or in any measures to break her spirit or reduce her to a situation in which she could not support her independence.” This from one of the most outspoken Founding Fathers for independence. One of the few men Britain was not willing to forgive for the things he said and wrote. A man the British condemned to death even if the Americans reconciled with the British.
At the time of the Revolution The Hague in the Netherlands had diplomats from all the courts of Europe. One of these diplomats was a friend of Benjamin Franklin. Charles William Dumas. Franklin wrote to him to feel out the foreign powers. In September of 1775 he wrote asking if there was any “state or power in Europe who would be willing to enter into an alliance with us for the benefit of our commerce, which amounted, before the war, to near seven millions sterling per annum…” Like Adams, he wanted to avoid any alliance that could draw America into a future European war. Feeling that American commerce would be reason enough to support the Americans. As at that time all American trade went though Great Britain. So treating directly with the Americans would cut out the middle man. Making American goods less costly. Surely a financial incentive for any nation.
Then again, these European powers they were feeling out were all monarchies. Would these monarchies support a rebellion against royal authority? France, their most likely alliance partner due to their history with Great Britain, was an absolute monarchy. Would they support the Americans in their bid for independence with French taxes? Would they take a chance that their oppressed masses wouldn’t rise up in defiance of those high taxes and/or royal authority (which they eventually did)? Then there was a moral element as Robert Morrison noted in a letter to John Jay in September of 1776. “Can this be morally right?” Bringing war to the people of Europe in their bid for independence? Their kings may not care about what they do to the innocents. But a government of the people would. Or should. But if they got any support from these European monarchs the big question would be at what price? For these monarchs weren’t going to help the Americans in their rebellion against monarchy out of the goodness of their hearts. For, as monarchs, they kind of liked the institution of monarchy. So any involvement on their part wasn’t going to be for any moral imperative. It was for personal gain. New territory. Getting back lost territory. Or changing the balance of power in Europe to their favor.
Despite all of their Misgivings the Americans entered into an Entangling Alliance with the French
Monarchies were getting a little nervous about the impoverished masses around this time. For there were a lot more poor people than royals and nobles. Revolution was in the air. They made fun of the noble classes in some of the leading plays of the day. In fact, one play was banned in Vienna. For being less than respectful of the aristocracy. But that didn’t stop a composer from using it to write a new opera from it. That play? The Marriage of Figaro. The composer was, of course, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Who based his new opera on the play written by a Frenchman. Pierre Beaumarchais. Who plays a prominent role in America’s Revolutionary War.
Beaumarchais had written a play making fun of the aristocracy. And the American rebellion against aristocracy piqued his interest. So he decided to aid the Americans in their cause. He strongly encouraged Louis XVI to support the Americans in their cause. For if they did not they would not only lose in the balance power to Great Britain. But likely the very valuable sugar trade coming from the French West Indies. He also set up a private company to ship war material to America in exchange for tobacco. Silas Deane arrived from America in Paris in July 1776. He, too, worked on obtaining the materials of war as well as skilled officers. America’s greatest diplomat and propagandist was also in Paris. Benjamin Franklin. Who the French adored. For his scientific experiments. And his plain American airs. They really got a kick out of the coonskin hat he wore. Which he wore only for them. Never having worn one back in America.
So the Americans were really working their mojo behind the scenes to get French support for the cause. As well as French money and arms. Which they were getting. And after the American win at the Battle of Saratoga, they got a whole lot more. Formal recognition of the United States. And despite all of their misgivings, an alliance. On January 7, 1778 they entered into a treaty of amity and commerce. Followed by (on February 6) the treaty of alliance. And these treaties were rather entangling. But so dictated the necessities of war. And what did the Americans agree to? In exchange for French military support against the British in North America the Americans would support the French militarily in the French West Indies. In any future French war where the Americans were neutral the French and their warships would have access to American ports. While the French adversary would not. Also, the French could bring in any captured ships into American ports to refit and re-provision them. And then leave freely. Which came back to haunt the Washington administration during the next war between the French and the British. Following the French Revolution. A war in which America not only remained neutral. But her neutrality ‘favored’ the British. As the vast majority of her trade was with the British. Causing a lot of animosity in America. For we had a treaty with the French. Who helped win them their independence from the nation they were now currently fighting. Again. A treaty some of the Americans noted, though, that they made with King Louis XVI. Who the French recently executed. Brought about, in part, by the incredible French debt incurred financing the American Revolution. Providing the tinder for the French Revolution.
A complex political landscape indeed. Of course the Americans didn’t know what was awaiting them in the future. All they knew is that when General Washington left winter quarters at Valley Forge they were no longer alone in their struggle. After their win at Saratoga and their new ally things were looking up. Little did they know that there would still be 5 more years of war.
Tags: Adams, alliance, American Colonists, aristocracy, balance of power, Beaumarchais, Benjamin Franklin, Britain, British, British overlords, Catholic, Deane, England, entangling alliances, Europe, European, European alliances, European war, France, Franklin, French, French West Indies, Great Britain, independence, John Adams, King Louis XVI, monarchies, monarchy, New France, nobles, North America, Paris, Pierre Beaumarchais, Protestant, Quebec, Quebec City, revolution, Revolutionary War, Saratoga, Silas Deane, taxes
As Parliament passed additional Revenue Acts Anger grew in the Colonies, especially in Boston
Prior to 1775 the American colonies were many things. But there was one thing they were not. United. Many people went to America to escape religious persecution. To live with people of their own faith. To practice their faith without fear of reprisal or oppression. And that’s exactly what they did. Often oppressing fellow colonists who didn’t practice the established faith of the colony. But they were united in one area. Their hatred of Catholics. Papists. Those who lost their way and began to worship not Jesus Christ but the Pope. That Whore of Babylon. The seller of indulgences to buy your way out of purgatory. And virtue. So they had that to unite them. But not much else.
Live and let live, they said. As long as you worshipped Jesus Christ you were okay. And weren’t a Jew. Or a Catholic. So the different denominations of the Protestant faith lived among their own. In their own colony. Their country. The only sense of country they had. Virginians weren’t American colonists. They were Virginians. Who didn’t much care what was going on up there in Massachusetts. In fact, they didn’t much like what was happening up there in Massachusetts. For Virginians were planters. Yeoman farmers. People who put their back into their living. Not like those northern merchants. And money handlers. Who reeked just a little too much of the Old World they left. Sitting on their backsides and making money just by buying and selling the products of other’s labors.
Life in the New World was good. Yes, there was famine. Disease. And the occasional massacre. But they could live with that. As long as they had the freedom to worship as they pleased. But then all that trouble started up there in Boston. Over taxed and broke Parliament turned to their American colonies to raise some revenue. Which angered the British Americans. Because they didn’t sit in Parliament. The Americans had no representation. And according to British law taxpayers had to approve all new taxes. Giving consent to those taxes in Parliament. The problem with the Americans, apparently, was that they were on the ‘wrong’ side of the Atlantic. For Britons living on the far side of the Atlantic had those rights. They didn’t. As Parliament passed additional revenue acts anger grew in the colonies. Especially in Boston. Where Parliament installed British administrators to enforce these new revenue acts. To protect their agents the British sent in the Red coats. A peacetime occupying army. Something very un-English that the British Americans did not like.
In Response to the Boston Tea Party Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts and closed the Port of Boston
But the trouble didn’t end there. The British made further attempts to raise revenue from the American colonists. And from the British East India Company. By taxing their tea. Making it more expensive than the tea you could buy in the Netherlands. Where there was no such tax. So people did what people do with high taxes. They didn’t pay them. And smuggled Dutch tea into Great Britain. And the American colonies. Which left the East India Company with some warehouses full of tea. So Parliament cut the tea tax due in Britain to help them. And tried to make up for these lost revenues by taxing the Americans. One of the new taxes included in the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767. In response to the new tea tax the Americans boycotted tea. Which didn’t help sell any of that warehoused tea. So Parliament repealed the Townshend Revenue Act. Well, all of it except the tea tax. For they didn’t want to appear that they didn’t have the right to tax their subjects. Represented or not. And Parliament taxed the tea in Britain again. This, of course, resulted in lower tea sales. And the mighty East India Company, that made Britain so wealthy with its vast trade network, was in some serious financial peril.
Lord North, British Prime Minister, didn’t much like this uppity attitude of the Americans. The East India Company desperately wanted to see those tea taxes cut. But Lord North did not want to give the Americans that victory. It was a matter of principle. At least for him and his fellow Tories in Parliament. As well as the Crown. For King George III and Lord North were pretty close. The Whig opposition was much more sympathetic to their British Brethren on the other side of the Atlantic. But Lord North was adamant. They had the right to tax the Americans. And tax they would. Besides, cutting the taxes in the Townshend Act caused other problems. It would also eliminate the revenue it raised to pay the salaries of the colonial officials enforcing these new acts. And it was important to keep them loyal to the Crown. No. The taxes in America would remain. So their answer was, instead, the Tea Act of 1773. Which removed the taxes due in Britain. And allowed the East India Company to ship directly to the America colonies. Cutting out the middleman. And bringing the price of British tea below that of the smuggled Dutch tea. Problem solved.
Well, not exactly. Because the one thing they did share on both sides of the Atlantic was principle. And even though British tea was cheaper they didn’t want anything to do with it. On principle. Because those Townshend tea taxes were still in force. And paying them was a tacit admission that Parliament had the right to tax the Americans. Despite not having any representation in that esteemed assembly. And this they could not do. Then came the day three little ships came to Boston harbor in 1773. Their holds full of that detested British tea. And a mob in the guise of Mohawk Indians descended to the docks. Boarded these ships. And tossed the tea overboard. In what we call the Boston Tea Party. Infuriating Lord North, Parliament and King George III. Who all agreed it was time to act against these uppity Americans. And act they did. Passing the punitive Intolerable Acts of 1774. That closed the Port of Boston. Replaced the Colonial government in Massachusetts with representatives of the Crown. Royal officials accused of committing a crime against any American would receive a ‘fair’ trial…in Great Britain (pretty much giving them a license to kill). Forced the Americans to find room and board for the British Army occupying their cities. And gave large swaths of land around the Great Lakes and Ohio River Valley to the Province of Quebec. Recently added to the British Empire during the Seven Years’ War. After they defeated their most hated and foul enemy. The French. Who were very, very Catholic. As were their colonists who remained in these once French lands that were now British lands. So to keep them from causing trouble the Quebec Act made things very comfortable for Catholics. Right in the backyard of Protestant British North America.
It was in the Continental Army the Country united and fulfilled the Words of the Declaration of Independence
In April of 1775 General Gage heard that there were some arms stored in Concord, Massachusetts. So he sent some Red coats to go capture or destroy these arms. Things did not go well for the British. Militia gathered and stood their ground. Shots rang out. No one is sure who fired first. But whoever did fired the shot heard ’round the world. On the march back to Boston the British were harassed and picked off by sharpshooters. Until they limped back into the safety of their Boston garrison. Where the militia fell upon them and laid siege. These uppity Americans for all intents and purposes had just declared war against the world’s greatest superpower. And there was no going back.
In response to the British actions in Boston the colonies assembled in congress. The Continental Congress. To discuss what they as a united people should do. For if these outrages could happen in Boston they could happen in any of the colonies. And now that they spilled blood they needed someone to lead the American forces in their fight against the Crown. They selected George Washington. Who left the Congress to take charge in Boston. And as he walked the lines at Boston he saw Americans. And when his army marched to Quebec (to get the now British French-Canadians to join in the good fight) he saw Americans. It was in the Continental Army the country united. Fighting alongside in the ranks Washington saw Virginians. Massachusetts men. Farmers. Merchants. Puritans. Baptists. Catholics. Jews. Even free blacks.
There was nothing a British American enjoyed more than burning an effigy of the Pope. That would change in the Army. And the Army would change the country. Especially the men who served in the Army. Men like Washington. Who first glimpsed a new nation. A united nation. That transcended religion. The states. Even race. Which really brought home the words of the Declaration of Independence. That all men are created equal. And there’s nothing that makes men more equal than suffering the privations and horrors of war. Sadly, after the war when the common enemy was no more the spirit of these words became a little more symbolic for some. But these army veterans would leave their mark. And their vision would eventually become reality for everyone.
Tags: American, American colonies, Atlantic, Boston, Boston Tea Party, Britain, British, British American, British Americans, British Army, British tea, Catholic, Continental Army, Crown, Dutch tea, East India Company, faith, freedom to worship, French, Great Britain, Intolerable Acts, King George III, Lord North, Massachusetts, occupying army, Parliament, Pope, Port of Boston, Protestant, Quebec, Red coats, religious persecution, representation, taxes, taxpayers, Tea Act, tea tax, Townshend Revenue Act, uppity Americans, Virginians, Washington
The French lost most of their colonial possessions to Great Britain in the Seven Years’ War
The 18th century started off with a bang. And it banged all the way through the century. Starting with the War of the Spanish Succession from 1701-1714. At issue was the Spanish throne. The last Spanish Habsburg, Charles II of Spain, died in 1700. Leaving the throne without an heir. And France was very interested in occupying it. But the British weren’t too keen on Catholic France controlling so much of Europe. The rest of Europe that wasn’t Spanish or French wasn’t all that enthusiastic about the idea, either. For France and Spain, both Catholic, at this time were the two European superpowers. And a union between the French and the Spanish would alter the ‘balance of power’. A term entering the political discourse at this time. So there was war. There’s a lot more details to this war as one would expect in a war that lasted over a decade. But in the end there was no French and Spanish union. The Spanish lost territory in Italy and the Netherlands to Austria. And Spanish Gibraltar became British. As did parts of French North America. Also, when Queen Anne died in Great Britain with no male heir, the Brits plucked one from German Hanover. Over on the continent. George I. For his mum was the daughter of James I. Which gave her Stuart blood. And she was a Protestant. Making George a Protestant. Very important and necessary for a British ruler. George I ascended the throne of Great Britain in 1714. Creating a personal union between the British and German states (two separate kingdoms ruled by the same king).
But the peace didn’t last. Because another Habsburg died. The last male Austrian Hapsburg. Charles VI. Before he died, fearing he may have no sons to inherit his throne, he issued an edict. The Pragmatic Sanction of 1713. Which said in the absence of a Habsburg son a Habsburg daughter, his daughter, could inherit the throne. Most of the German states accepted the edict. Problem solved. Until Charles died. And his daughter, Maria Theresa, ascended the throne. Then the European states went to war. The War of the Austrian Succession from 1740-1748. Because some said that Maria Theresa was ineligible to inherit the Hapsburg throne. But what they really wanted was a chance to alter the balance of power now that the Habsburg line was extinct. For the Austrian Habsburgs were a major power. And whoever succeeded to that throne would control a large part of Europe. Something Prussia (a rising German state) was interested in. As were the French. And the Spanish (primarily to win back what it lost in the War of Spanish Succession). Who joined together. With the threat of a French/Spanish super state again the British jumped in to prevent that. And joined in on the Habsburg side. Who at the time was stronger than the rising Prussian state. And a better balance to French power and ambition. Especially with Hanover being so close to the French border. After 8 years of war not a whole lot changed in the balance of power. Except that Prussia appeared to be now a more formidable threat than Austria. Which the Diplomatic Revolution of 1756 addressed. By a changing of sides. The France-Prussia alliance versus the Great Britain-Austria alliance became the France-Austria alliance versus the Great Britain-Prussia alliance. Which made for a long and lasting peace.
Until hostilities flared up again later that year. In the Seven Years’ War from 1756 – 1763. This was a big one. A world war. Over the balance of power. In Europe. And other parts of the world. Especially where colonial interests clashed. Where they were generating lucrative trade. And the British were bumping into the French almost everywhere they went. In North America. As the British expanded their colonies west from the Atlantic into the river valleys the French claimed. In the Caribbean. In coastal Africa. In the Philippines. In India. In the end Britain’s Royal Navy and their alliance with Prussia led them to victory. The Prussian armies of Frederick the Great held their own in Europe and freed the British Army for service elsewhere. The Royal Navy ruled the seas. And moved the British Army at will. Where they prosecuted and won the colonial battles. At the close of hostilities the French lost most of their colonial possessions to Great Britain. And Spain lost Florida. The British extended their control in North America to all lands east of the Mississippi River. Spain ended up with the Louisiana Territory west of the Mississippi River. But the mighty Spanish empire was now in decline. France wasn’t looking that much better. France and Spain also lost most of their naval power. Which elevated Great Britain to true empire status.
To Help bring the Catholic in the Province of Quebec under British Rule the British passed the Quebec Act
The British did well in the Seven Years’ War. They won large parts of the world. And paid a pretty price to do it. Almost bankrupted them. This despite the previous efforts of William Pitt the Elder. The British Secretary of State who built a great and prosperous colonial empire. The British Empire. Before the war. And added greatly to it during the war. But conquering is one thing. Governing is another. And, as it turns out, governing is as expensive as conquering.
British North America required a little political finesse. For the Protestant British now governed Catholic French Quebec. And they had to step lightly with the Indian Nations. Who were allied with the French. Agreeing to halt further westward expansion. Via the Royal Proclamation of 1763. To avoid hostilities on the frontier.
To help bring the Catholic in the Province of Quebec under British rule the British passed the Quebec Act of 1774. This act extended Quebec territory to include most of the Midwest states bordering the Great lakes. The oath of allegiance to the British Crown no longer included a reference to Protestantism. It protected Catholicism in the Province of Quebec. And it allowed the use of French civil law in some instances over English common law.
Great Britain would fight a Civil War in British North America before the Century was Out
None of this went over well with the British North Americans. After defeating the French all eyes looked west. And they did not like this Royal Proclamation interfering with their business. And these fiercely loyal and proud Britons were also devoutly Protestant. Many fought in the war to get the Catholic French out of their country. And this protection of Catholicism in their Protestant backyard was nothing short of an insult. But worse of all were the taxes. To pay for a century of war against the French that only some of which was fought in North America.
Great Britain’s money woes would continue. For they would be fighting another war before the century was out. This one a civil war in British North America. Another costly 8 years of war. That would not end as well for them as the previous war. Worse, it would cause a Revolution in France. Brought about in part due to the near bankruptcy of France from all of her wars. And alliances. Bringing about yet another war with the French for the British before the century was out.
The century started out with a war to contain French expansion and Catholicism. And the century would end with great successes in that endeavor. With the decline of the French and Spanish empires the world was safe from Catholicism. But France and Great Britain would fight on. Into the next century.
Tags: alliance, Austria, Austrian, balance of power, British, British Army, British Empire, British North America, Catholic, Catholicism, colonial, colonial empire, colonial interests, Diplomatic Revolution, Europe, France, French, German, Great Britain, Hanover, Maria Theresa, Mississippi River, North America, Protestant, Prussia, Quebec, Quebec Act, Royal Navy, Royal Proclamation, Seven Years War, Spain, Spanish, War of Austrian Succession, War of the Spanish Succession
Week in Review
Quebec is perhaps the most European of the Canadian provinces. They don’t even speak English there. Their road signs and billboards are all in French. People talk to each other in French. No. When you’re in Quebec you don’t feel like you’re in Canada. You feel like you’re in France. So it’s no surprise that even though Canada pulled out of the Kyoto protocol that Quebec would still be all in for this global warming nonsense. Because it’s so European (see Quebec goes it alone with cap-and-trade climate plan by Philippe Teisceira-Lessard posted 12/15/2011 on The Globe and Mail).
With global climate-change talks in limbo, Quebec is the first province to push ahead with its own cap-and-trade program.
The province says it’s emulating California as it becomes the first Canadian province to start enforcing cap-and-trade regulations for carbon emissions…
The new provincial program applies to large industrial emitters and will require them to reduce their carbon footprint or buy clean-air credits at $10 per tonne of greenhouse gases.
It is being run in conjunction with the Western Climate Initiative, whose stated objective is to reduce emissions 15 per cent below 2005 levels by 2020. Quebec’s own target is significantly stricter, with a planned 20 per cent reduction from 1990 levels by the end of this decade.
And this gives a little hint why they are all in for this global warming nonsense. Their stricter requirements will not only punish businesses by making them less competitive, but it will be a windfall for government coffers. For Quebec is European in more ways than one. They, like their European brethren, have a costly and generous public sector. Like all those social democracies of Europe causing that sovereign debt crisis over there. So they can use this clean-air money to shore up some budget deficits. Before they, too, have to start living within their means.
The global warming agenda is no different in Canada than it is in Europe. It’s about the money. Just another way for governments spending beyond their means to transfer more wealth from the private sector to the public sector. Apparently the other provinces have made the hard choices and got their budgets in order. Which is probably why Quebec is going down this road alone. They refuse to make the hard choices. So they make the easy one instead. By raising taxes. And over-regulating business. Which, of course, will only hurt these businesses. Reduce economic activity. And bring in less tax revenue into government coffers. Making cap-and-trade a lose-lose proposition for Quebeckers. As it is for people everywhere betrayed by their governments in the name of global warming.
Tags: Canada, Canadian, Cap and Trade, Carbon, carbon emissions, emissions, European, French, Global Warming, Kyoto, Kyoto protocol, Quebec
« Previous Entries