Week in Review
Let’s imagine you buy your groceries a different way. Instead of going to the store and picking things off of the shelves and paying for them at checkout imagine this. You don’t pay the store. A third party does. Like it does for everyone else that shops at this store. Sounds great, doesn’t it? Let’s say people pool their money together for purchasing power. And have this third party take that pooled money and use it to get better pricing. Because of the large amounts they will be paying for.
So everyone pays in a monthly amount to their third-party purchaser. Then goes to the store and takes what they want. And at checkout they just sign an invoice to acknowledge they took this stuff. And the store will submit the bill to the third-party purchaser. Of course, there would have to be some rules. Because if everyone pays a flat amount each month you can’t have someone picking up steaks every day when you’re buying hamburger for your kids. So there are limits to what you can buy. Requiring the third party to review every submitted invoice. Requiring a very large staff to review every grocery store purchase to approve and disapprove line items on each and every invoice for payment. To resolve billing and payment errors. And to bill shoppers for any unapproved purchases they made. Even if they didn’t understand that these items weren’t covered.
So, included with that monthly payment there must be an overhead fee. To pay for all those people reviewing those invoices. Those who bill shoppers for unapproved items. Those who pay for the approved purchases. And those who process payments from shoppers. Still, things slip through the cracks. People are getting unapproved purchases through the system. Grocery prices rise. The overhead costs at the third party grow due to new costly regulations. Etc. Such that on occasion the total amount of cash out at the third party exceeds the total of cash in. Requiring them to raise the monthly amount everyone pays.
Sounds a bit more complicated than just going to the store and paying for what you want out of pocket. And more costly in the long run. But if someone else pays the third party for those monthly fees it’s a whole different story. Say as a benefit at work. Because without you having to pay anything it’s just free groceries. At least, to you. And you will demand that your employer pays for more stuff so it’s free to you. Even though it’s not. Because the rising cost of third party grocery purchases will cost your employer. Which will limit your pay. And other benefits. Because in the real world nothing is free. Even if people think that a lot of stuff is free. Or should be free. Like health care (see Nearly 7 in 10 Americans say health plans should cover birth control by Karen Kaplan posted 4/22/2014 on the Los Angeles Times).
Among the various provisions of the Affordable Care Act, few are as controversial as the one requiring health insurance providers to include coverage for contraception. A new survey finds that support for this rule is widespread, with 69% of Americans in favor of the mandate…
Women, African Americans, Latinos and parents living with children under the age of 18 had higher levels of support for mandatory contraception coverage than people in other demographic groups, the survey found…
— 85% of those surveyed supported mandatory coverage for mammograms and colonoscopies.
— 84% supported mandatory coverage for recommended vaccines.
— 82% were in favor of mandatory coverage for diabetes and cholesterol screening tests.
— 77% backed the provision on mandatory coverage for mental health care.
— 75% supported mandatory coverage of dental care, including routine cleanings.
There’s a reason why the United States is a republic and not a democracy. For the Founding Fathers feared a democracy. And wanted responsible people between the people and the treasury. For once people understood they could vote themselves the treasury they would. And things like this would happen. Mob rule. Where the mob demands more and more free stuff while fewer and fewer people pay for that ‘free’ stuff. And people in government anxious to win elections will keep giving the people more ‘free’ stuff that others have to pay for. Until one day you end up with the health care system we have in the United States. All because other people were paying for routine costs people could expect and budget for. Things that if they paid out of pocket for would cost less in the long run. Which would keep insurance what it was supposed to be. Insurance. And not turn it into a massive cost transfer scheme that only allowed the price of health care to soar.
Tags: Affordable Care Act, benefit, bill, contraception, democracy, Founding Fathers, free stuff, health insurance, insurance, invoice, Mob rule, overhead, payment, prices, routine costs, third party
Week in Review
The Founding Fathers gave us a republic because they feared democracy. Or mob rule. In a republic you elect responsible people to represent you in government. In a democracy it’s majority rule of the people. Often when they are agitated or angered about something. Which can trample on minority rights. If the mob is angry over a group of immigrants working for a lower wage the mob can vote a ban on those immigrants. Round them up. And send them home. Or imprison them. This is the danger of a true democracy. Anything the majority agrees on can become law. Which is why the Founding Fathers gave us a republic. And prayed that only wise men who shared their Enlightenment views would enter government.
Another danger of a true democracy is that once the people understand that they can vote themselves the treasury they will. While responsible representatives won’t. Until people start looking at government as a way to get rich. And become professional politicians. Instead of the part-time representatives the Founding Fathers envisioned. Which transformed the republic into a democracy. Only it’s our representatives that have descended into mob rule. As professional politicians buy votes by giving the people generous government benefits that the state will soon be unable to afford. Which is what is happening in France now (see French president booed at WWI ceremony posted 11/11/2013 on the Associated Press).
France’s unpopular president ignored jeers by protesters as he laid flowers at the tomb of the unknown soldier during a ceremony marking the end of World War I…
Shouts of “Hollande resign!” rang out and some demonstrators wore the red caps that have come to symbolize an anti-tax movement that has caused violent protests in Brittany in recent weeks…
Hollande’s popularity has sunk to record lows amid growing dissatisfaction over weak economic growth, high taxes and rising joblessness.
The French people voted the socialist into office because they wanted more free stuff. Or wanted not to lose the free stuff they already had. Courtesy of their social democracy. Which promised cradle-to-the-grave government benefits. But declining birthrates led to a falling population growth rate all over Europe. Such that the number of people receiving those government benefits is growing while the number of people paying for those benefits is not. French president Nicolas Sarkozy tried to be responsible. While socialist presidential challenger François Hollande (the guy the French now hate) said the problem was that they weren’t taxing the rich enough. And the other usual socialist claptrap. Well, the socialist won. He raised taxes. The economy tanked as expected. And now the French people hate him.
This is exactly what the Founding Fathers feared about democracy. The French republic devolved into mob rule. And tried to vote themselves the treasury. Which leads to only higher taxes. Or cut benefits as the state can no longer afford to pay for these benefits. Which is where the French are now. And the Americans will soon be.
Tags: democracy, Founding Fathers, Francois Hollande, government benefits, Hollande, Mob rule, professional politicians, Republic, socialist, true democracy, vote themselves the treasury
Week in Review
The Left is applauding California for voting to raise taxes on the rich. Saying that California is choosing to be responsible. While the federal government continually chooses to be irresponsible. But is this democracy? Or mob rule? We can find the answer to these questions easily by understanding what this vote really did (see Californians approve massive tax hike on the wealthy by Tami Luhby posted 11/7/2012 on CNN Money).
Californians approved a measure Tuesday that raises taxes on the wealthy and hikes the state sales tax. It is expected to bring in $6 billion a year, on average, over five years.
Proposition 30, which Governor Jerry Brown has lobbied heavily for, captured 54% of the vote. Its approval prevents massive budget cuts to the state’s public schools and universities…
The wealthiest 1% of Californians — those with annual incomes of $533,000 or more — will shoulder nearly 79% of the tax increase, according to the California Budget Project, a research group that endorsed the proposition. They will see their taxes rise by 1.1% of their income, while the bottom four-fifths of the state’s residents will see an increase of between 0.1% and 0.2% of their incomes…
The measure is expected to raise $8.5 billion in new revenue, according to the Department of Finance. Some $2.9 billion will go to schools, while the remaining $5.6 billion can go toward closing budget gaps.
But the Legislative Analyst’s Office warns that the measure depends heavily on the income of the wealthiest residents, which is volatile and difficult to predict.
So a mob of 54% of the electorate voted to have 1% of the population pay more in taxes. Who are already paying the lion’s share of taxes. Problem solved. Or so they think. For will these rich people stay in California where a mob can shake them down to pay for more free stuff for those who don’t pay taxes?
Oh, it’s easy to get the mob to increase taxes on others. Especially if it’s for education. So students can go to college and get their degrees in film and gender studies. Degrees that won’t help them get high paying jobs. But will leave them with more student loan debt. So why do it? Because if they didn’t subsidize education more in California how else would they pay for those high university pay and benefits packages? Which is what is really driving up the cost of education. For what is education but some books and a lot of people on a university campus? There is no manufacturing equipment. No raw material costs. Education is nothing but overhead. And an expensive overhead at that. Just look at the housing the senior professors and administrators live in. And the lives they enjoy. They’re the same kind of lives that the so-called 99% demonize business owners and Wall Street types for living. But because they are on a university campus they get a pass.
A lot of Hollywood moving-making business is leaving California. Look at the closing titles of some current movies and you will see a lot of them are filmed on location. Where they can escape the high cost of movie-making in Hollywood, California. And if the movie-makers are fleeing the high cost of California it would be foolish to think that the richest 1% will not find more agreeable tax locales to invest their money. And to live. So don’t count on that additional $6 billion a year yet California. Because these new tax rates will probably bring in a whole lot less revenue than that. As increased tax rates always do.
Tags: California, college, education, Hollywood, Mob rule, moving-making, raise taxes on the rich, taxes, University
John Adams was descended from the Puritans who landed at Plymouth Rock
John Adams was the Rodney Dangerfield of the Founding Fathers. He got no respect. However deserving he was of respect. The man was brilliant. Well read. Honest. Virtuous. But irascible. And vain. He knew he was right when he was right. And was more than eager to argue with anyone that was wrong. Which was most of the time. Tending to make most people not love him. A lot. Earning him monikers like His Rotundity. Because he was portly. Irascible. And not really loved. Which bothered Adams. For he was one of the greatest of the Founding Fathers. But others got all the love. Such as Thomas Jefferson. The junior Congressman they delegated the writing of the Declaration of Independence to after Adams did all the heavy lifting in Congressional debate to lead the nation to declare their independence. While Jefferson sat through all those heated debates silently. For, unlike Adams, Jefferson did not like public confrontations. He preferred stabbing people in the back through surrogates. Or in the press. As Adams would learn firsthand during the 1800 presidential election.
Adams was a very religious man. His family descended from the Puritans who landed at Plymouth Rock. Who stressed filling your day with hard work and going to church. And if you had any time left in the day you might get a little eating or sleeping in. Adams was a farmer. And had the hands of a working man. But he was also a lawyer. A very good lawyer. Who had as much reverence for the law as he did for his religion. So much so that he represented the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre. After the Stamp Act (1765) things were getting a little heated in Boston. Adams then wrote the Braintree Instructions in response to the Stamp Act. Stating that there should be no taxation without representation. Calling for trial by jury. And an independent judiciary. Things the British denied the good people in the American colonies. But things Adams insisted that the Americans shouldn’t deny to the British soldiers who shot those Americans in Boston. So he represented the British on trial when no one else would take the case. And he got a jury of Bostonians to acquit all but two who they found guilty of manslaughter.
Just about every Bostonian wanted the British soldiers found guilty of murder and hung. Bu the rule of law prevailed. As Adams convinced the jury that the British did not just open fire on innocent bystanders. There was a mob harassing the British. Throwing snowballs and chunks of ice. And other projectiles. Someone knocked a British soldier to the ground. While the mob grew in size. And in intensity. Provoking the British to discharge their weapons. As much as the British killing these Americans bothered Adams so did an unruly mob. His religious teachings emphasized hard work and prayer. Not drunkenness and mob violence. However, Boston had always had drunken, unruly mobs. But they didn’t always get shot by British redcoats. So why did they this time? Because British redcoats were quartered within the city of Boston. This was the kindling that led to the mob action. Which was yet another British violation of the good people of Boston.
A Strong enough Naval Force acts like an Impregnable Fortress Wall to any Hostile Power
When the British marched to Lexington and Concord to seize some weapons in 1775 and exchanged shots with the Americans a state of war existed. The Revolutionary War had started even though their declaration of independence was another year away. Up to this time most of the trouble with the British was in Massachusetts. And some states wanted to leave it in Massachusetts. Which was a problem for Massachusetts. For they couldn’t take on the British Empire by themselves. But if the states united together they had a chance. Adams understood this. So when it came time to choose a commander for the Continental Army he looked to a Virginian. George Washington. After they voted to declare their independence he looked at another Virginian to write the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson. Understanding that they had to make this an American Revolution. Not just a Massachusetts one. For only a union of their several states could withstand the mightiest military power on the planet. But not just any union. One that would release all the latent energies of the several states. A republican union.
After declaring their independence the first order of business for the states was to replace the British governing structure. And that started with the writing of new constitutions. To make those new state governments. That could join in a republican union. Something Adams had given much thought and study to. He believed in the separation of powers between the executive, the judicial and the legislative branches. To provide checks and balances. And a bicameral legislature. A lower house to represent the common people. And an upper house to represent the rich people. With an executive to represent the state. Such that the interests of the many, the few and the one were all represented. Similar to Great Britain’s two houses of Parliament (House of Commons and House of Lords) and the king. Though, of course, having versions of these that weren’t corrupt. Thus not allowing one group of people (or person) to dictate policy to the other group of people (or person). Thereby avoiding a pure democracy and mob rule. A characteristic of a single-house legislature. As France would demonstrate during their French Revolution.
After delegating the busy work of writing the Declaration of Independence to the junior member from Virginia, Thomas Jefferson, Adams dove into the work of building a navy. What he liked to call ‘wooden walls’. For a strong enough naval force acted like an impregnable fortress wall to any hostile power. The British Empire ruled the world because the Royal Navy was the most powerful navy in the world. She could protect her coasts. Prevent the landing of armies. Keep foreign warships out of canon range of her cities. And even protect her trade routes. In a day of competing mercantile empires dependent on their shipping lanes having a navy to protect those shipping lanes made the difference between empire and former empire. As few picked fights with the nations with the big navies. Adams understood this. And he believed in it. Peace through strength. For a strong navy was a deterrent to aggressive nations.
If John Adams were Alive Today he would Likely Endorse the Republican Candidates Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan
But Adams was no warmonger. During his presidency Napoleon came to power in France and was waging war across Europe. And against American shipping. Once again Adams fought to build up the navy. To erect those wooden walls. To be able to protect American shipping on the open seas as France and Great Britain returned to war. President Washington maintained a policy of neutrality in their latest war. Adams continued that policy. Which infuriated the French. And the American people. As the French had helped the Americans win their revolution the French and the American people believed the Americans should help the French win theirs. So the French seized American shipping. And demanded tribute from the American ambassadors in France before beginning any peace discussions. When news of this leaked out to the American people (known as the XYZ Affair) the public sentiment on France changed. And soon everyone was demanding a declaration of war on France. Adams tried one more peace commission while at the same time the growing American navy fought back against French naval aggression in an undeclared war. The Quasi-War. Eventually peace came. Through strength.
Adams was pretty much everywhere in the making of the American nation. From the Braintree Instructions to supporting George Washington to winning the debate for independence to the writing of states’ constitutions to building a republican union. He helped build American naval power. And he avoided war with France when just about everybody wanted war with France. But one place he was not was in Philadelphia in 1787. Even though his constitution writing skills were second to none he did not help draft the U.S. Constitution. For he was busy in Holland. Getting the first foreign power (the Netherlands) to recognize the United States following their victory in the Revolutionary War. He negotiated a Dutch loan. Negotiated a treaty of amity and commerce with the Dutch. And established the first American-owned embassy on foreign soil.
If Adams were alive today he probably would not be a fan of the Democrat Party. And their constant use of class warfare. Especially when the top 10% of earners pay about 70% of all federal income taxes. While about 50% of the population pays no federal income taxes. This does not represent the interests of the many, the few and the one. The few pay the majority of tax revenue and have the least say in how that money is spent. Taking the nation closer to a pure democracy. And mob rule. While at the same time the Democrats use the courts to write unpopular legislation they want but can’t pass in Congress. Where a few judges can write law through court opinions. A great offense to a pure jurist like Adams. And transforming ‘the one’ into a leviathan of special interests and cronyism. Knowing how hard it was to secure loans to pay the nation’s war debt in his day he would be appalled at the size of the annual deficits and the accumulated debt today. And the constant refrain that the rich need to pay their fair share even though about 10% of all Americans are already paying approximately 70% of the tax bill. The character assassination of Mitt Romney by the Obama Campaign would be too reminiscent of the abuse he suffered through in the 1800 election. And as a firm believer in the policy of peace through strength he would not like the massive cuts in defense spending. Which will only encourage more attacks like the one on the American embassy in Benghazi. An obvious sign that our enemies don’t fear us. And are not deterred by our strength. No, if John Adams were alive today he would likely endorse the Republican candidates Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan.
Tags: 2012 election, 2012 Endorsements, Adams, bicameral legislature, Boston, British Empire, British redcoats, British soldiers, checks and balances, class warfare, constitutions, democracy, Democrat, Democrat Party, farmer, federal income taxes, Founding Fathers, France, Great Britain, independence, Jefferson, John Adams, lawyer, Massachusetts, Mitt Romney, Mob rule, naval force, navy, Paul Ryan, peace through strength, Puritans, Republican, republican union, Revolutionary War, Romney, Ryan, separation of powers, Stamp Act, Thomas Jefferson, union, war debt, wooden walls
The Father of the Constitution nudged the Father of the Country out of Retirement
The Confederation Congress did not work as well as some had hoped. Despite having won their independence from Great Britain there was still no feeling of national unity. Sectional interests prevailed over national interests. Greatly affecting the ability of the national government to function. Negating the benefits of union. And offering little respect for the young nation on the world stage. The new nation simply was not taken seriously at home. Or abroad. Prompting a meeting of states delegates in Annapolis in 1786. Twelve delegates from five states showed up. The states just didn’t care enough. The convention adjourned after only three days. But not before Alexander Hamilton put a plan together for another convention in Philadelphia for the following year.
The states were happy with the way things were. They did not want to give up any of their powers to a new central authority. But the problem was that the states were fighting against each other. Trying to protect their own economic interests and their own trade. Some could extend this behavior out into the future. And they did not like what they saw. States with similar interests would form regional alliances. And these alliances would ally themselves with some of the European powers who were also on the North American continent. The northern states (having industry and commerce) would join together and ally with the industrial and commerce powerhouse Great Britain. The agrarian southern states would join together and ally with Great Britain’s eternal enemy. France. And the western territories dependent on the Mississippi River to get their agricultural goods to marker would ally with the European power in control of the Mississippi River. Spain. Who were both eternal enemies of Great Britain. And the centuries of warfare on the European continent would just extend to North America. Some saw this as the American future if they didn’t unite and put the nation’s interests ahead of sectional interests.
The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 almost didn’t happen. For there was as much interest in it as there was in the Annapolis Convention in 1786. James Madison, the father of the Constitution, made the meeting in Philadelphia a reality. By his persuasive efforts with his neighbor. George Washington. Father of our Country. Then in retirement at Mount Vernon with no interest to reenter public life after resigning his commission following the Revolutionary War. He could have been king then but declined the numerous offers to make him so. Happy that they won their independence he just wanted to live out his years on his farm. Like Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus. Who left his plough to become dictator of the Roman Republic. To defend the Roman Republic. He defeated the enemy. Resigned his dictatorship. And returned to his plough. Earning a cherished place in our history books. Something Washington had just done. Only taking some 8 years instead of 16 days like Cincinnatus. His place in history had come with a far greater price. And he did not want to risk losing what he had earned after paying so dearly for it. But Madison knew that it would take Washington’s presence to get the other states to send their delegates. So Madison was persistent. The Father of the Constitution nudged the Father of the Country out of retirement. And made the retired general do the last thing he wanted to do. Return to public life. As he was already an old man who outlived the average lifespan of Washington men.
Madison didn’t believe a Bill of Rights would Stop a Majority from Imposing their Will on the Minority
It took four long, miserable months to produce the new constitution. It was a hot and insufferable summer. And they kept the windows of Independence Hall closed to block out the city noise. And prevent anyone from hearing the debates. So the delegates could speak freely. And after those four long months the delegates signed the new document. Not all of them. Some hated it and refused to sign it or support it. And would actively fight against it during the ratification process. As they did not like to see so much power going to a new federal government. Especially as there was no bill of rights included to help protect the people from this new government. The document they produced was based on the Virginia Plan. Which was drafted by James Madison. Which is why we call him the Father of the Constitution. So Virginia was instrumental in producing the new constitution. And the delegates finally agreed to it because of another Virginian. George Washington. Making Virginian ratification of the new constitution conditional for other states to ratify it. So all eyes were on Virginia. For without Virginia all their efforts in Philadelphia would be for naught. Because if Virginia did not join the union under the new Constitution that meant George Washington would be ineligible to be president.
Of course getting Virginia to ratify was another story. Because George Washington and James Madison were not the only Virginians in politics. There was also George Mason. Who wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights (1776). Which Thomas Jefferson may have borrowed from when writing the Declaration of Independence. And Mason also wrote the Virginia State Constitution (1776). Mason opposed granting the new federal government so much power and refused to sign the Constitution in Philadelphia. And then there was Patrick Henry. Perhaps the greatest Patriot orator. And of “Give me Liberty, or give me Death!” fame. Which he shouted out during the Stamp Act (1765) debates. He was also Virginia’s first governor under the new state constitution. Mason and Henry were Patriots of the 1776 school. The kind that hated distant central powers. Whether they were in London. Or in New York. Mason wanted a bill of rights. Henry, too. As well as amendments transferring a lot of power from the federal government back to the states. Or, better yet, no federal constitution at all. Which Henry would work towards by leading a fierce ratification opposition.
Perhaps the greatest flaw of the new constitution as many saw was the lack of a bill of rights. This was a contentious issue during the convention. It was the reason why Mason refused to sign it. As there was nothing to check the powers of the new government and protect the people’s liberties. So why did they not include a bill of rights? Because it was not necessary. According to Madison. Who fought against it. Because the new federal government was a government of limited powers. It wasn’t like the state governments. The new federal government only did those things the states didn’t do. Or shouldn’t do. Like treat with other nations. Provide a common defense. Regulate interstate trade. Things that expanded beyond a state’s borders. And what powers it had were enumerated. Limited. It did not repeal individual rights protected by state constitutions. And had no authority over those rights. Whatever rights a person enjoyed in their state were untouchable by the new federal government. Therefore, a bill of rights was not necessary. Which actually protected rights greater than listing them. For whatever rights they forgot to list the federal government would assume were fair to abuse. Finally, Madison didn’t believe a bill of rights would stop a majority from imposing their will on the minority. A tyranny of the majority. Something he saw firsthand as a young man returning from college. Where the state of Virginia harassed and imprisoned Baptist ministers for holding Baptist services in Anglican Virginia. Something he didn’t forget. Nor did the Baptists.
If James Madison were Alive Today he would Likely Endorse the Republican Candidates Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan
Patrick tried hard to prevent the ratification of the constitution in Virginia. But failed. When it came time for the Virginian legislature to elect their federal senators Henry campaigned hard against Madison and saw him defeated. When it came to the federal House elections Henry drew the new Congressional districts that made Madison campaign in a district full of people that mostly disagreed with him. Which it took a change of his position on adding a bill of rights to the Constitution to overcome. His position gradually changed from opposed to being lukewarm to being a strong supporter. In part due to some correspondence with Thomas Jefferson then serving in France. And the Baptists’ concerns over rights of conscience. Something Madison had longed believed in. Believing religious liberty was essential to a free people. As the Constitution stood there were no safeguards specifically against the oppression like that the Anglicans imposed on the Baptists earlier. What the Baptists wanted was a bill of rights.
Madison promised, if elected, to introduce an amendment to the Constitution addressing their concerns. In fact, a bill of rights would be the first Constitutional amendment. And he would introduce it and fight for it until it was ratified. Based on this promise the Baptists threw their support behind Madison. Got him elected to the House of Representatives. And Madison delivered on his promise. Championing a bill of rights through Congress. The Father of the Constitution also became the Father of the Bill of Rights. And then it was a knockdown drag-out fight in the Virginian legislature to get the new Bill of Rights ratified. Where the opposition to ratification was led by none other than Patrick Henry. But he would lose that fight, too. And the nation would have a federal government with limited, enumerated powers. With individual liberties protected by a bill of rights. Providing a federal government powerful enough to do the things it needed to do like treat with other nations, provide a common defense, regulate interstate trade, etc. Those things that expanded beyond a state’s borders. And in the following decade we would be prosperous because of it.
None of this could have happened without Virginia’s ratification of the Constitution. Which opened the door for George Washington to be our first president. And helped New York ratify the Constitution. With the ratification in Virginia. And the letter writing campaign in support of ratification. Which appeared in newspapers. Articles written by James Madison and Alexander Hamilton (mostly) and John Jay. Now published as the Federalists Papers. Thanks to the tireless efforts of Madison and Hamilton the nation had a new form of government. But Madison and Hamilton would soon part ways once Hamilton was Secretary of the Treasury. And took great liberties with the necessary and proper clause of the Constitution. Expanding the power and scope of the federal government far beyond what Madison had ever envisioned. Which moved Madison into closer company with George Mason and Patrick Henry. Desperately trying to hold onto states’ rights and oppose the expansion of the federal government. Like he would oppose the great overreach of the federal government today. The transfer of power from the states to the federal government. And the expansion of suffrage to include those who don’t own property or pay taxes. Leading to mob rule at times. Populism. And a tyranny of the majority.
Madison suffered ill health most of his life. Stomach disorders and dysentery. Brought on by the pressures of public service. If he were alive today he probably wouldn’t remain alive long. Seeing what has happened to his Constitution would probably kill him. If he had the chance to vote today he would vote for the party that championed limited government. The party that would stop the growth of the federal government. And reduce its size. The party that governed for all people and not the will of the populist mob. The party that did NOT govern through class warfare but through sound principles. If James Madison were alive today he would likely endorse the Republican candidates Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan.
Tags: 1787, 2012 election, 2012 Endorsements, Alexander Hamilton, Baptists, Bill of Rights, Cincinnatus, Constitutional Convention, enumerated powers, father of the Constitution, Father of the Country, federal government, George Mason, George Washington, Hamilton, Henry, James Madison, limited government, limited powers, Madison, Mason, Mob rule, national interests, Patrick Henry, Philadelphia, ratification, sectional interests, state governments, Thomas Jefferson, tyranny of the majority, union, Virginia, Washington
The Americans stuck by the Rule of Law while the French descended into Mob Rule
The American Revolutionary War was pretty brutal at times. Especially on the frontier. And in the civil war in the South. Where Patriot and Loyalist could be rather cruel to one time friends and neighbors. But for the most part both the professional soldiers and politicians practiced restraint. And prosecuted the war by international law. And a code of honor. When the Americans defeated Burgoyne’s army at Saratoga the defeated soldiers did not suffer cruel acts of vengeance. Instead they got rather generous terms of surrender.
When the war was over there were a few flare ups such as Shays’ Rebellion and the Whiskey Rebellion. But these were the exception. Not the rule. The newly independent states had problems. Which they addressed through political debate in Philadelphia. And they drafted a new constitution. This unleashed bitter partisan debate. But only bitter partisan debate. The states ratified the Constitution. And the new nation went forth. It wasn’t quite like this in the French Revolution. Where the streets literally ran with blood.
Jean-Paul Marat, Georges-Jacques Danton and Jacobin Maximillien Robespierre were no Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson or James Madison. The Americans stuck by the rule of law. While the French descended into mob rule. Where competing mobs rallied around different movements. The Jacobins, the Cordeliers and the Girondins. Who all incited the mobs to violence. Against the ancien régime. The monarchy. And the Church. As well as any counterrevolutionaries. And anyone lacking in revolutionary zeal.
In 1793 French Revolutionaries Guillotined King Louis and Marie Antoinette
The mobs became judge, jury and executioner. The Paris Commune (the revolutionary ruling authority in Paris) sanctioned the mobs. Who could act with impunity. While the people even watched. And cheered. Revolutionaries fell on imprisoned political prisoners. Priests. The Swiss Guards who protected the king. As well as the royal servants and clerics. They forced prisoners to run a gauntlet of revolutionaries armed with swords, knives, pikes, axes and other blunt and sharp instruments. And bludgeoned and hacked them to death as they ran screaming back and forth.
And the violence grew. With torture becoming sport. The level of barbarity reached such levels to include the butchering of women. Including the hacking off of a woman’s breasts. Then setting a bonfire beneath her spread legs. While the people cheered. They brutally killed Princess de Lamballe, consort of Marie Antoinette. Bludgeoned with a hammer, stripped naked, mutilated and dragged through the streets of Paris. Then guillotined. But that wasn’t the end of it. They cut out her heart and roasted it over a fire. Then stuck her bloodied head on a pike. Took it to a hair salon to fix her hair. Then returned it to the pike. As they impaled her naked body on another pike. Her crime? She refused to denounce her king and queen.
In 1793 they guillotined King Louis. The executioner held up his severed head and the people cheered. Later that year they guillotined Marie Antoinette. The executioner held up her severed head and the people cheered. And the processions to the guillotine increased. Enemies of the revolution. People falsely accused of being enemies of the revolution. And a lot of Girondins. Who the Jacobins condemned. And guillotined. Then the people condemned the Jacobins. And guillotined them. They even condemned American Patriot Thomas Paine (who was in Paris and even helped write one of the revolutionary constitutions—unfortunately for him it was with the Girondins) to the guillotine. But he would escape the guillotine and return to America. They even imprisoned George Washington’s ‘adopted’ son, the Marquis de La Fayette. Who fought with him throughout the American Revolution. But he, too, survived. Though he would languish in a prison for some 5 years.
When Genêt arrived in Philadelphia Washington greeted him with Portraits of King Louis and Marie Antoinette conspicuously behind Him
The events in France would reverberate across the Atlantic. And further divide an already divided Washington administration. As the French Revolution escalated the Americans were negotiating the Jay Treaty to resolve some issues left over from the Revolutionary War. The end result was that the British and the new United States of America moved closer together. Which really offended the pro-French elements in the Washington administration. In particular Jefferson and Madison. While inflaming the French. For following the Reign of Terror the French exported their revolution throughout Europe. And soon were at war with the old European monarchies. Including Great Britain. Again.
Interestingly, neither Jefferson nor Madison fought in the Revolution. While Alexander Hamilton and George Washington did. And yet they were for closer ties to Britain and not revolutionary France. Why? America’s future depended on trade. Most of that trade was with Great Britain. And that trade enjoyed the protection of the world’s most powerful navy. The Royal Navy. It was the pragmatic choice. Jefferson, though, thought it showed Hamilton’s true colors. That he was an aristocrat who wanted to turn America into a monarchy like Britain. That he wanted power for himself. Not individual liberty. As exemplified in the American republic. And in the republic the French were fighting for. The French believed so strongly in liberty that they turned to world conquest. Bringing that liberty to oppressed people everywhere. Which Jefferson liked. He saw a republican revolution sweeping the world, leaving a swath of liberty in its wake. Others saw mob rule in France and the execution of a king and queen. Which absolutely appalled Washington.
George Washington issued a Proclamation of Neutrality in these new European wars. Which meant they weren’t going to help their one time ally. France. Which irked Jefferson. Then came the Jay Treaty. Further irking Jefferson. And the American people. For the people were clearly behind the French. And did not like the British at all. Which made President Washington a very unpopular president at the time. Then the French sent over Edmond-Charles Genêt. Citizen Genêt. The new French ambassador to the United States. And he was on a mission. To get American support for their wars against Spain and Great Britain. Something Jefferson was eager to support. He communicated with Genêt. Who assured Genêt that the Franco-American alliance would persevere. Despite any proclamation or treaty. He looked forward to his arrival in Philadelphia. But he didn’t go to Philadelphia to meet President Washington. He went to South Carolina first. Where he recruited American privateers to join the French on their attacks on British shipping. And tried to raise armies to attack Spanish Florida and Louisiana. And eventually the British in North America as well. When word of these activities reached Washington he was furious.
When Genêt finally arrived in Philadelphia Washington greeted him with portraits of King Louis and Marie Antoinette conspicuously behind him. The king that was America’s staunchest ally during the American Revolution. And the king the French had recently executed. Genêt asked Washington to suspend their neutrality. The answer was no. Even Jefferson agreed and told the French ambassador he was out of line. Actually joining Hamilton on this one issue. Soon the Jacobins back in France issued an arrest warrant for Citizen Genêt and asked him to return to France. Knowing that meant a trip to the guillotine he asked Washington for asylum. That Washington granted on the advice of Hamilton. Thus ending the Genêt affair. But the French Revolution still threatened the young American republic. First by an overwhelming public sentiment to stand by France. Then by overwhelming public sentiment to go to war against France. Something that would threaten to tear apart the next presidential administration.
Tags: Alexander Hamilton, American Revolution, British, Citizen Genêt, Constitution, France, French, French Revolution, George Washington, Girondins, Great Britain, guillotine, Hamilton, Jacobins, Jay Treaty, Jefferson, King Louis, liberty, Mob rule, mobs, Paris, Proclamation of Neutrality, Reign of Terror, revolutionaries, Revolutionary War, Spain, Thomas Jefferson
The Founding Fathers put Responsible, Enlightened and Disinterested People between the People and their Government
The Founding Fathers were no fans of democracy. Election by popular vote was little more than mob rule. It would lead to the tyranny of the majority over the minority. And as Benjamin Franklin warned, once the people learned they could vote themselves money from the treasury, they would.
These feelings extended to the states as well. The small states did not want to be ruled by the large states. This is why every state had two senators in the Senate. To offset the influence of the big states in the House of Representatives. Where the people voted for their representatives by direct popular vote. And to offset the influence of the new federal government, the state legislatures would elect their senators. Giving the states a large say in federal affairs.
Knowing history as they did, this was all very purposeful. Indirect elections. Putting other people between the people and the power of government. And the treasury. The people would vote for responsible, enlightened and disinterested people to represent them. Then these responsible, enlightened and disinterested people would make policy. And by doing this the Founding Fathers hoped that the new republic would survive.
The Founding Fathers set up the United States as a Federation of Independent States
Blacks make up about 12% of the population. Gay and lesbians less than 1.5%. In a true democracy it would not be difficult for the majority to win a popular vote to make these people illegal. As crazy as that sounds a democracy could do that. If that was the way the mob felt at the time of the vote. This was the kind of thing the small states worried about. As well as the Founding Fathers. A tyranny of the majority. Where anything goes. As long as the majority says so.
Interestingly, a popular vote could have freed the slaves. Which was a concern of the southern states. The Three-Fifth Compromise was yet another provision the Founding Fathers included in the Constitution. To get the southern states to join the new union. This counted 3/5 of a slave as a person to determine representation in the House of Representatives. Which would offset the numerical superiority of free people in the northern states. And prevent them from ruling the southern states. Which is pretty much what happened after the Civil War. As the freed slaves tended to vote along with their northern liberators.
The Founding Fathers set up the United States as a federation of independent states. For before there was a United States of America there were independent states loosely associated together. Coming together only when they needed each other such as winning their independence from Great Britain. Even during the Revolution the states were still fiercely independent. And getting these fiercely independent states to join together in a more perfect union required a lot of checks and balances. A separation of powers. And indirect elections. Which the Founding Fathers dutifully included in the new Constitution. It wasn’t perfect. But it was the best such a diverse group of people and beliefs could produce.
The Seventeenth Amendment Destroyed a very Large Check on Federal Power
Of course, this leaves the presidential election. And the Electoral College. Which grew out of the same concerns. Of trying to prevent the large states from ruling the small states. The Electoral College blended together the popular vote of the House of Representatives. And the indirect vote of the Senate.
Each state had electors who actually voted for the president. The number of electors in each state equaled that state’s representation in Congress. The number of representatives in the House (population-based). And the number of senators (state-based). The electors typically cast all of their electoral votes based on the outcome of the popular vote of their state. Which is why sometimes presidents win elections even though they lose the national popular vote. An outcome designed by the Founding Fathers. To prevent a tyranny of the majority from ruling over the minority.
Some things have changed since the Founding. We extended the right to vote to black men. And then later to women. Both good things. But not all changes were good. Such as the Seventeenth Amendment. Perhaps the biggest change from the intent of the Founding Fathers. Ratified in 1913, it changed the election of Senators from a vote by the state’s legislature to a popular vote like that for the House. Destroying a very large check on federal power. Creating a much more powerful central government by transferring power form the states to the federal government. What the Founding Fathers tried to prevent in the original Constitution. With their checks and balances. Their separation of powers. And their indirect elections. Including the Electoral College. Which, if eliminated, would give even more power to the federal government. And a greater ability for the majority to rule unchecked over the minority.
Tags: checks and balances, Constitution, democracy, direct popular vote, disinterested, election, electoral, Electoral College, electors, enlightened, federal government, federation of independent states, Founding Fathers, House of Representatives, indirect elections, large states, majority, Mob rule, popular vote, president, presidential election, Republic, responsible, Senate, Senators, separation of powers, small states, state legislatures, the Electoral College, treasury, tyranny of the majority, United States, vote
English Law and Capitalism gave People Freedom few knew in the 18th Century
Politics is a class struggle. The ruling class against everyone else. The ruling elite fights to keep the power in the hands of the privileged few. While everyone else tries to wrest it away. So they can live a better life. Free from tyranny. And oppression.
Life was pretty good in British North America. The colonies were growing. Their English law and free market capitalism gave people freedom that few knew in the 18th century. Over in Europe the masses were poor and worked for subsistence. Over in British America, though, a thriving middle class was emerging. Like I said, life was pretty good. Until the French had to go and spoil everything.
Great Britain and France were at war. Again. And this one was a world war. The Seven Years’ War (the French and Indian War in North America). Great Britain ultimately prevailed. And made all French North America British. We call it Canada today. But conquering a world power and managing an empire that stretched around the globe was expensive. And to make matters worse, the treasury was running low. They needed more tax revenue. But Britain’s land owning aristocracy was already heavily taxed. And they were none too keen on paying any more. So what to do?
Well, there was this. There was a vast continent on the other side of the Atlantic with a lot of wealth that just got a whole lot safer thanks to some brilliant, and very expensive, military engagements. Surely, they would not refuse to pay for some of the safety they gained in the recent war.
The London Ruling Class wouldn’t let a bunch of Backwoods Upstarts challenge their Authority
Well, as it turned out, yes, they could. And did. And don’t call me Shirley.
At the time, the American colonialists were proud Britons. They loved their way of life. And the representative government enshrined in Parliament. Based on the Rule of Law. Only thing was that they had no say in Parliament. No representation. Which was fine. For awhile. Being that far from the seat of government had its advantages. But it was a different story when that distant power started flexing its muscle. And a great power desperate for money could be rather presumptuous.
Now the colonists were reasonable people. They were willing to make some kind of bipartisan deal of fair-share sacrifice. But they wanted to talk about it. They want to sit in Parliament. And they wanted more say about their future on the new continent. They were already very unhappy with some of the treaty details the British made with the French. And the Indians. Forbidding western expansion? And allowing the French Canadians to practice their Catholicism in their very backyard? No. These would not do. Americans had to have more say in America’s future. And the British response? “Shut your bloody mouths you insolent swine. You do as we say. And like it.”
I’m paraphrasing, of course, but you get the gist. The ruling class in London wasn’t about to listen to a bunch of backwoods upstarts challenging their authority. No, they were going to dictate policy from London. And the Americans were going to accept their second class status and do as they were told. Well, long story short there was a rebellion, the colonies declared their independence from Great Britain and a new confederation of states was born.
After Winning Independence the States got Drunk on Democracy
The Revolutionary War lasted from 1775 until the Treaty of Paris formally ended the war in 1783. It was a long and bitter war. Especially in the South where it evolved into a civil war between Patriot and Loyalist. Independence did not come easy. Nor was it cheap. Like Great Britain, the young confederation of states racked up a large war debt.
With the common enemy defeated the several states went their own ways. And threatened to destroy what they just won. Some states were fighting over land. Over tariffs. Trade. The united confederation of states wasn’t very united. And they were more on the road to becoming another war-plagued Europe than the great nation envisioned by George Washington and the others who had served in the Continental Army. Who saw the greater America. Beyond the borders of their own state.
And the worst danger was democracy. Mob-rule. Religious persecution. And the general feeling you didn’t have to do anything you didn’t want to. The people were drunk on democracy. They were voting themselves whatever they wanted. In debt? No problem. We’ll pass debtor laws to protect you and rip up those contracts you signed. Or we’ll give you worthless money we’ve printed to pay your debts. And we’ll pass a law forcing creditors to accept this worthless money as legal tender. Even though it’s worthless. The Rule of Law was collapsing. As was the new ‘nation’.
Madison and Jefferson feared the Power a Permanent Government Debt Gave
This was quite the pickle. An oppressive ruling class was bad. But so was mob-rule. They needed something else. Something between these two extremes. That would somehow strike a delicate balance between responsible governing. And liberty. The solution was federalism. As created in a new Constitution. Drafted during the summer of 1787 in Philadelphia. Which created a new central government. That shared power with the states.
Getting the new constitution ratified wasn’t easy. Most of the old Patriots from the Revolutionary days hated the thought of a new central government. They didn’t trust it. This was just King George all over again. Only on this side of the Atlantic. The wrong side.
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison worked tirelessly for ratification. They wrote a series of essays explaining why it was the best compromise possible. These essays became the Federalist Papers. An extensive set of checks and balances would greatly limit the powers of the new federal government. And the only thing the new central government would do would be the things the several states couldn’t do well. Coin money, treat with other nations, raise an army and navy, etc.
Hamilton and Madison succeeded. The constitution was ratified. And the United States of America was born. And soon thereafter Hamilton and Madison (and Jefferson who was out of the country during the Constitutional Convention) parted ways philosophically. Hamilton wanted to assume all the states’ debts and fund it. It was the right thing to do because they had to pay it to be taken seriously on the world stage. But this scared both Madison and Jefferson. They feared the power a permanent government debt gave. Money and government was (and still is) a dangerous combination. All the world powers consolidated money and power in their capitals. And all the great mischief of the Old World was a direct result of this combination. It’s what lets the ruling class oppress the people. Money and power concentrated into the hands of a privileged few.
Had Liberals lived during the Revolution they would have been Loyalists
Fast forward a few hundred years and we see exactly what Madison and Jefferson feared. The federal government is bloated beyond the Founding Fathers worst nightmares. And handling such vast sums of money that would even make Alexander Hamilton spin in his grave.
We’ve come full circle. We began by rejecting a distant ruling class. And we now have a distant ruling class again. In Washington. Made up of liberal Democrats. And obedient RINO Republicans who toe the liberal line. And the nation has a permanent debt so large that we’ll never pay it off. Thanks to out of control government spending. It’s as Madison and Jefferson feared. All of that spending and debt require ever more taxation. And ever more borrowing. And whenever taxation and borrowing is not enough, they manufacture a crisis to scare us into raising both taxes and the borrowing limit. For we have no choice. Because if we don’t the consequences will be unbearable.
This is the liberal way. Big Government. The bigger the better. With all power concentrated into as few hands as possible. Their hands. The privileged few. The ruling elite. Who like to dictate policy when they have majority power. And cry foul when they don’t. For the only interest they have in bipartisan compromise is when they can’t have their way.
Liberals like to invoke the Founding Fathers (and Ronald Reagan) whenever they can in some twisted explanation of why they would support their policies (i.e., the new central government was created to raise taxes and therefore would approve high taxes). But their actions are clearly more consistent with King George and his ruling class than the Founding Fathers. And had they lived during the Revolution, no doubt they would have been Loyalists. To support and maintain the ruling class. And their privilege.
Tags: Alexander Hamilton, America, American colonialists, bipartisan, bipartisan compromise, British North America, capitalism, central government, checks and balances, compromise, Constitution, democracy, dictate policy, drunk on democracy, English law, federal government, Federalism, Founding Fathers, France, free market, free-market capitalism, freedom, government spending, Great Britain, James Madison, Jefferson, King George, liberals, liberty, London ruling class, Loyalist, Madison, majority power, Mob rule, money and power, Parliament, Patriot, permanent government debt, politics, privileged few, representative government, Revolutionary War, rule of law, ruling class, ruling elite, tax revenue, United States, war debt
The Founding Fathers’ Experiment in Self-Government
Benjamin Franklin said when the people find they can vote themselves money, that will herald the end of the republic. Because people tend to be greedy. And lazy. And they don’t understand public finance. Especially the uneducated ones. And there were a lot of uneducated people during our founding. The Founding Fathers worried about this. Because governments past have always exploited the uneducated for personal gain. Kings and lords would give the poor some alms to make them feel good about their lives of unending toil and suffering on the feudal estates. Should you not be lucky enough to have been born with the ‘right’ last name. The new United States of America was going to change that. Here it wouldn’t matter who your father was. Here, no one would be better than you.
But only if this experiment in self-government succeeded. So they were very careful when they wrote the Constitution. And the type of government for the new nation would not be a democracy. Instead, they chose a representative republic. For the Founding Fathers all feared democracies. Which when you come down to it is nothing more than mob rule. If the mob is racists they’ll pass racist laws. If the mob is sexist, they’ll pass sexist laws. And if the mob is greedy and lazy, they’ll vote themselves money from the federal treasury. This is the risk of democracy. All you need is a majority. And whatever you want is yours. No matter how destructive it is to the country.
That’s why the Founding Fathers did NOT give us a democracy. We have intermediaries between the mob and the actual law-making. We call these people our representatives. At the founding, these were the best of the best. Well educated and/or experienced. Men of great honor and integrity. Imbued with a selfless sense of duty. These men went out of their way NOT to prosper from their government service. Really. It’s nothing at all like today where government service is nothing more than a ticket to a fat pension and early retirement. Back then such a thought was anathema to the Founding Fathers. Which is very evident by the type of government they created.
Indirect Elections temper the Populist Tendencies
The Constitutional Convention was a hot, miserable, long summer in Philadelphia. There was little agreement. No one liked the final product much. But most agreed it was the best that they could do. Even then the U.S. was big. Lots of different people trying to make the final product favor their state more than the others. And few were in favor of giving the new central government much power. They all feared that this new central power would consolidate its power. And regulate the states to fiefdoms in a new kingdom. Just like in the Old World. So they took as many opportunities to restrict federal power. And minimize the influence of the populist mob.
The new federal government was a limited government. It was only to do the things the states couldn’t do well. Maintain an army and navy. Treat with other nations. Those things that needed a singular national identity. Everything else was to remain with the states. And to make sure the states would not lose their sovereignty, the states’ legislators would choose their federal senators. The House of Representatives would have direct elections. Being the closest to true democracy, the House risked being influenced by the mob. The Senate, then, would be wise and prudent to temper the populist tendencies of the House. To keep the House from doing something stupid. Like voting the people the treasury. (Of course, the states lost a lot their sovereignty when we changed this by amendment to a popular vote like the House.)
The president was to be elected indirectly, too. Like the senators. The Founders were worried that the office of the president could be easily corrupted. So they put great restrictions on its powers. And made it as difficult as possible for any one group or interest to ‘cheat’ and get their man into office. Hence the indirect election. Again, to protect their sovereignty, this fell to the states. State legislatures would choose electors who would then vote for president. (With quite a few close elections, there have been calls to eliminate the Electoral College and replace it with a pure popular vote. Of course, it is usually the loser in a close election who wants this change. If the same thing happens in a subsequent close election where they win they are quite happy with the Electoral College.)
Talented People create things to trade
The reason the Founders wanted so many people between the voters and the actual law-making is to keep people from voting irresponsibly. The federal budget is pretty big. And people see that it is big. They figure that because they pay taxes, there’s no reason why they can’t have stuff from the federal government. In a true democracy, the people could vote to cut taxes and increase spending. They could vote themselves a monthly stipend to live on and quit their jobs. An uneducated mob can easily do this. Who wouldn’t want to get a paycheck for doing nothing AND pay less in taxes? It’s very attractive. If I ran for office on such a platform a lot of people would probably vote for me. But there’s a problem with such generosity. You see, government can’t give money to people unless they take money from other people first.
There appears to be a popular misconception about public finance. Many believe that government has a stash of cash that they can give out whenever they please. And that this stash of cash has mystical power. That it’s endless. And when they give it away more just magically appears. But the government has no money. The public treasury isn’t filled with the government’s money. It’s filled with our money. That’s our tax dollars in there. Or it’s borrowed money. Borrowed money that costs interest. Paid with our tax dollars. Or it’s printed money. Money created out of nothing. Which makes our money worth less. Which makes everything we buy more expensive. We call this inflation. You just can’t print money. Because it just dilutes the purchasing power of the money already in circulation. It’s like a bartender selling you whisky from a bottle that’s one part water and 4 parts whisky. It not only tastes bad. But you’ll have to pay more to get the same buzz from an honest bartender.
The reason why printing money doesn’t work? Because it isn’t the money we want. It’s the things that money can buy that we want. Who sits in an empty room and enjoys looking at big piles of cash? No one. Take the cash out of your wallet or purse and see how long you can stare at it. Probably not long. Why? Because it’s boring. We don’t enjoy the cash. We enjoy the things in the room we trade that cash for. And this is key. We trade. We are traders. Always have been. And always will be. We started out bartering for things. You traded something you built (this is important) for something someone else built (equally important). Talented people who created things met to trade. And we still do this today. The money just makes it easier to trade. But this would not be possible if we all lived on a government stipend and nobody worked. Because if no one worked, there would be no things to buy. We would be sitting in an empty room staring at piles of useless money.
A Public Educational System that doesn’t Educate but Indoctrinates
The Founding Fathers understood all of this. And they framed the Constitution accordingly. They limited the powers of the federal government. Minimized the amount of actual democracy/mob rule. And minimized the amount of money in the federal treasury. For they were capitalists. They knew money left in the private sector stimulated local economies. People created useful things. Brought them to market. And traded these useful things for other useful things. That’s the way things were. It’s not how they are now. Politicians today are in politics for personal gain. They pander to the voters. Buy and sell favors. Enrich themselves in the process. And leave a swath of destruction in their wake. And how are they able to do this? Because the government has become more of a democracy than a representative republic.
Along the way the educational system failed. Probably starting in the Sixties. With the hippies in college. Who went on to teach in the Seventies. We spent less time on reading, ‘riting and ‘rithmetic. And more on American white guilt for what happened to the Native Americans and a slave economy. We learned less about the Founding Fathers. And more about the people they wronged. We learned less about American culture and more about diversity and multiculturalism. We learned less about American Exceptionalism and more about American Imperialism. We learned less about Western Civilization and more about ‘enlightened’ oppressive socialism. We learned less about capitalism and more about the ‘fair’ redistribution of wealth. Let’s face it. Kids in school didn’t have a chance. Their teachers were no longer teaching how America got to be exceptional. They were teaching that America was anything but exceptional. That we were guilty of every crime and injustice you could think of. That America needed to change. And that they, the young, our future, could make that change happen.
So the dumbing down of America began. For those unable to escape the indoctrination of the new public education. And the growth of government took off. In fact, you can say that as society became ‘less American’ they became more dependent on government. Where once rugged individualists dominated the land their numbers are thinning. As slick politicians lure more people by the siren song of an easy life provided by government benefits. And these politicians find the lie easier to sell with a public educational system that doesn’t educate but indoctrinates. In fact, it’s quite an incestuous relationship. The politicians spend more and more money on education. The money goes to the teachers. The teachers belong to unions. The teachers’ unions support and donate to Democrat candidates. So some of that tax money spent on education goes right back to the politicians that just increased educational spending. And the teachers, eager to keep a good thing going, teach their students to become good Democrat voters. Instead of teaching them about the three Rs, the Founding Fathers, American culture, American Exceptionalism, Western Civilization and capitalism. As the standardized test scores show. And does their irresponsible voting.
A Rising Sun or a Setting Sun
America is fast approaching a crossroads. People have learned that they can vote themselves money. And have. Politicians are pandering to these people for personal gain. Offering to spend more and more money that we just don’t have. Bringing us closer and closer to the end of the republic.
Ben Franklin sat through that insufferable summer in Philadelphia. Swatted at the giant horseflies in the hall. He was old and his time was short. He sat quietly during much of the debates. Often staring at the sun carved into George Washington‘s chair. He wondered if it was a rising sun. Or a setting sun. He saw it as symbolic of their little experiment in self-government and the work they were doing in that hall. Was this already the end of their noble experiment? Or was it just the beginning? After the delegates voted to send the new Constitution to the states for ratification he breathed a sigh of relief. For it was a rising sun.
I guess that question is once again open to debate.
Tags: America, American exceptionalism, Ben Franklin, Benjamin Franklin, Big Government, capitalists, central government, central power, Constitution, Constitutional Convention, democracy, education, educational spending, educational system, Electoral College, federal budget, federal government, federal power, federal treasury, Founders, Founding Fathers, House of Representatives, indirect election, indoctrinates, limited government, Mob rule, money, Philadelphia, popular vote, populist mob, populist tendencies, president, printing money, public education, public finance, public treasury, representative republic, representatives, self-government, Senate, Senators, sovereignty, state legislatures, tax dollars, teachers, teachers' unions, trade, treasury, United States, voting, voting irresponsibly, Western Civilization
GOD WAS HERE before the Marine Corps. So you can give your heart to Jesus, but your ass belongs to The Corps.
(From the movie Full Metal Jacket, 1987.)
In Roman Catholicism, this is the doctrine of the two swords. The spiritual sword is the Church. The temporal sword is the state. Martin Luther had the doctrine of two kingdoms. The religious and civil. Going back to the source, Jesus Christ put it this way:
Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s, and unto God the things that are God’s
The original separation of church and state. Of course, back then, this was all intended to limit the state’s interference into spiritual matters. Today it’s reversed. It’s the state that is trying to hold the spiritual sword at bay.
THE FOUNDING FATHERS were gentlemen of the Enlightenment. This makes them complex. The Enlightenment was the Age of Reason. And guess what we did during the Age of Reason? We thought. Rationally. There was a philosophical revolution going on in Europe. Simply put, things weren’t what they were because the Church said so. There were other explanations. Other laws. And the Church could be wrong.
So, if the Founding Fathers had lived in the 20th century, they would have probably been fans of the rock group Rush. And Ayn Rand. Who influenced Rush. Thomas Jefferson probably would have an iPod filled with their songs, including Tom Sawyer:
No his mind is not for rent
To any god or government
They questioned ALL authority. And some may have been Deists. But they were not atheists. Even Jefferson. He may not have believed in the Trinity or Christ’s divinity, but he still believed in God. And he worshipped Jesus in his own way. As the world’s greatest philosopher, with his Sermon on the Mount being the best philosophy man could ask for.
THE FOUNDING FATHERS were gentlemen of the Enlightenment. Now the other part. The thing that makes them complex. The gentlemen part. What did this mean in the 18th century? Here are some adjectives that describe a gentleman. Honorable. Virtuous. Reputable. A gentleman strived to achieve moral excellence and righteousness. He was ethical. His life was a steadfast adherence to a strict moral code. And when he served in public office, it was with selfless disinterest. He would go out of his way to NOT gain personally from his time in public office. Some did it better than others. But all tried. And when they fell short, they at least put on an appearance of disinterest. It was that important. And expected.
In a word, restraint. This is what a gentleman practiced. George Washington exercised this restraint to such a degree that many found him cold and aloof. Few saw him smile. Few saw public displays of emotion. What they did see was an exemplary life of virtue, honor and moral excellence. And they would forever look at him with awe and reverence. We do to this day.
These students of the Enlightenment, then, espoused Judeo-Christian ethics. They questioned all authority oppressing man, whether it be Church or state. But they did not throw out the baby with the bath water. They remained religious. They just wouldn’t yield to it unconditionally. Not to the Pope. To a bishop. Or any other tyranny of a minority, privileged elite. Even after their Revolution.
And they would extend this restraint to the new nation they would found. It would be a government that would govern with the consent of the people. But it would not be mob-rule. Not a true democracy. It would be representative government. The idea was to restrain the extreme passions of the people. They would not exchange one tyranny for another. There would be no tyranny of the majority.
FRANCE HAD PROBLEMS in the late 18th century. The toll of war was bankrupting the country. Their financing of the American Revolution didn’t help either. Food was scarce and expensive. Famine and malnutrition were commonplace. Among the Third Estate (the poor). The First Estate (the Church) was doing well. The Second Estate (the nobility), too. Unemployed and hungry, the poor looked at the clergy and the nobility who were not.
The Church was largely exempt from paying taxes. And the Church was the largest landholder in France. The Church levied a 10% tax (i.e., a tithe) on the general population. A lot of that was collected in-kind (food crops). So the Church had more land, money and food than the starving, suffering masses. Who became an angry mob. That demanded democracy.
The people stormed the Bastille. Confiscated Church property. Overthrew the monarchy. And sent the king and queen, and many others, to the guillotine. Maximilien Robespierre and the Jacobins unleashed the Reign of Terror. They executed political enemies, including priests, and displayed their severed heads to the angry mob. They de-Christianized France, destroying churches and religious symbols. They tried to do away with the Church altogether and replace it with civic and community events and organizations. It was a revolution against Church and state. Against law and order. Against restraint. They would send Robespierre himself to the guillotine at the end of his terror. Then another terror followed to avenge the previous terror.
There’s more to the French Revolution. But that should suffice for now.
FRANCE WAS IN the epicenter of the Enlightenment. Some of the great minds of the Enlightenment were French. But France was older than America. And more populated. With centuries of wrongs to right. It was anything but a blank canvas. Egalitarianism soon devolved into angry mob rule. Democracy. They went from the tyranny of a minority to the tyranny of the majority without stopping in that fertile middle ground. As was the case in America. Why?
It’s that blank canvas thing. We weren’t overthrowing our history to start anew. We had little history. Maybe a century or two of English colonists who literally started with raw earth. There wasn’t a rich and privileged Church. So there wasn’t a festering resentment against the Church. No, the early colonists escaped religious oppression and came here for religious freedom. Which they found. And enjoyed.
The American Revolution was more restrained. There were no bloody reprisals after the War. There were isolated instances of mob violence during the War, but the ‘mob’ was never in control. The ‘gentlemen’ were always in control. Gentlemen steeped in Judeo-Christian ethics. From the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution, the Founding Fathers built a new nation upon the Rule of Law. And at its heart were the God-given rights enumerated in those documents. That no man, or minority, or majority, or mob, could take away.
GOD WAS HERE before the United States. So we can give our heart to Jesus. But our ass belongs to the Rule of Law.
Or something like that. We are a secular nation with a de-emphasis on the religious part. Yes, legal punishment may dissuade you from doing wrong. If you think the cops can catch you. But it’s our morality that will keep us from doing wrong in the first place. And the people at our founding were moral. And Christian. Or deists with Judeo-Christian ethics.
And to those who fear antidisestablishmentarianism, don’t. I doubt the Catholics and the Protestants could agree on what an established church would be, let alone the myriad other religions peacefully coexisting with each other. No, more religion would not result in an established church. It may, though, result in government leaders who fear God and, maybe, they would be better leaders for it. It sure beats us living in fear of them.
Tags: 18th century, Age of Reason, American Revolution, antidisestablishmentarianism, atheists, Ayn Rand, Bastille, bishop, Caesar, Catholics, Christ, Christian, Church, church and state, Church property, clergy, Constitution, de-Christianized, Deists, democracy, disinterest, divinity, Egalitarianism, Enlightenment, established church, famine, First Estate, Founding Fathers, France, French Revolution, Full Metal Jacket, gentlemen, George Washington, God, God-given rights, guillotine, Jacobins, Jesus, Jesus Christ, Judeo-Christian ethics, malnutrition, Man-given rights, Marine Corps, Martin Luther, Maximilien Robespierre, Mob rule, monarchy, moral code, morality, nobility, Pope, privileged elite, Protestants, Reign of Terror, religious oppression, representative government, restraint, revolution, Roman Catholicism, rule of law, Rush, Second Estate, Sermon on the Mount, Third Estate, Thomas Jefferson, tithe, Tom Sawyer, Trinity, two kingdoms, two swords, tyranny of a minority, tyranny of the majority
« Previous Entries