Slavery made the South more like an Old World Aristocracy than a New World Meritocracy
Democrats don’t like people of color. Never have. The Democrat Party’s lineage goes back to Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican Party. Thomas Jefferson was one of our Founding Fathers who, as the Democrats love to remind us, owned slaves. In fact, the Democratic-Republican Party was the party of the planter elite. And of slavery. While the opposition party, the Federalists, whose members included George Washington, John Adams and Alexander Hamilton, preferred manufacturing and commerce for the future of the United States. Not just plantations and slavery.
It was these southern planters who made the Three-Fifths Compromise necessary. Slaves couldn’t vote. So the North didn’t want to count them in determining the number of representatives a state had in the House of Representatives. The planter elite did not like this. As the anti-slave North had more free people and would end up controlling the government. Possibly passing anti-slave legislation. Well, without the southern states there would be no United States. So they compromised and counted some of their slaves. Giving the planter elite greater power in the new federal government than their population would otherwise have allowed. And to seal the deal they agreed not to discuss the issue of slavery again for 20 years.
The minority power in the South, the planter elite, who were Democratic-Republicans, brought a lot of slaves to the United States during that 20 year moratorium on the slavery issue. Swelling the slave population in the South. But once the 20 years were up Congress banned the slave trade. So from that point forward all slaves would have to be born on U.S. soil. But the minority power in the South had built their little fiefdoms by then. Owning large estates. With their lands worked by their large slaveholdings. Making the South more like an Old World aristocracy than a New World meritocracy. And the planter elite liked having so much power vested in so few of their hands. From having their few numbers control the federal government. To their absolute control of so many human lives on their plantations. They were an elite few. A superior people. And they liked it.
The South used the Power of the Federal Government to Suppress States’ Rights in the North with the Fugitive Slave Act
Over time as the north pursued the dreams of Washington, Adams and Hamilton immigration began to swell the population in the industrial North. Leading to the South losing their control over the House of Representatives. And threatening their elitism. By then the Democratic-Republican Party had become the Democrat Party. Which pushed to protect the institution of slavery. To protect their southern aristocracy. And their elevated status as a superior people. They used the power of the federal government where they could. Such as passing the Fugitive Slave Act to force free states against their will to return free blacks in their states to slavery. Then they argued that their states’ rights were at risk with all of the North’s abolition talk. Where the North might one day do what the South did to them. Use the federal government to force a state to do something against their will. Such as they did with the Fugitive Slave Act.
Their fight for the Senate led to further compromises to keep the union together while accommodating the planter elite. The Missouri Compromise (1820) had prohibited slavery in the new territory in the Louisiana Territory above approximately the southern border of Missouri (but permitted it within the borders of Missouri). Each state gets two senators. So with the House lost the Democrats needed more of the new states from the Louisiana Territory entered into the Union as slave states. Even those above the southern border of Missouri. Which they did with the Kansas–Nebraska Act. Which repealed the Missouri Compromise and replaced it with popular sovereignty. Where the people would chose whether they wanted to be a slave state or a free state. Setting off a mad rush by both sides to get to these territories so they could vote the slave status of these new states their way. Leading to a bloody civil war in Kansas.
Then another blow fell to the southern aristocracy. Abraham Lincoln. With the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln the southern aristocracy lost not only the House of Representatives but the presidency as well. Worse, the Republicans were an anti-slavery party. So even if they were somehow able to hold onto the Senate the Republicans in power would challenge the planter elite’s supremacy. Break up their fiefdoms. And challenge their power. Something this elite few were willing to fight to prevent. Well, they were willing to have others fight for them. To maintain the social order in the South. Leading to cries about states’ rights. And an over-powerful federal government. Despite their having used the power of the federal government to suppress states’ rights in the North with the Fugitive Slave Act.
Democrats see Benefits for Blacks as a Necessary Evil to keep them in Power
Most southerners were poor farmers. Who owned no slaves. Yet they rose to fight for states’ rights. And to protect the South from northern aggression. At least, that was what the planter elite had them believe. Who sent many of these poor farmers to their deaths in the American Civil War. When it was over approximately 8.6% of the South’s population was dead. By comparison World War II killed approximately 405,399 Americans. However, if we had suffered the same death rate as the South did in the American Civil War our World War II dead would have totaled over 12 million. This is what the southern aristocracy was willing to—and did—sacrifice to maintain their power and privilege. Their supremacy over other people. Especially over their black slaves.
Such a feeling of superiority allows you to do some pretty horrible things. Just review the history of Nazi Germany to see some of the atrocities a ‘master race’ can do. In the post-war South the Democrats did not lose with grace. They resented the martial law in the South after the war. And they hated Republican rule. Protecting their former slaves. Even allowing them to run for government office. It was all too much for the fallen southern aristocracy. To remind people of the proper order of southern society they formed the KKK. And unleashed a terror across the South. Killing their former slaves. And Republicans. To codify their white supremacy the Democrats turned to the legislature. And passed laws to segregate the ‘inferior blacks’ from their superior selves. Jim Crowe Laws. Separate but equal. With the emphasis on ‘separate’. In time pressure grew against the southern Democrats. But they held strong in Congress. Fighting against any civil rights legislation. Including the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Where Democrat Senator Robert Byrd (and former Exalted Cyclops of the KKK) filibustered against the Civil Rights Act for 14 hours and 13 minutes. To keep the blacks segregated from their superior selves.
Things are a lot better these days. But Democrat feelings of superiority die hard. Even though they would have us believe they like blacks today. Despite their past hatred of blacks. And their seething anger of having lost them from their plantations. But they found a way to ‘get them back on the plantation’. By making them dependent on government. In exchange for their vote. Which keeps them in power. Back where they believe they belong. And are entitled to be. Because they are a superior people. So benefits for blacks are a necessary evil to Democrats. For they still don’t like them. As evidenced by where they live. Where some of the richest Democrats (such as Nancy Pelosi) live in the whitest of neighborhoods. And their apparent racial purification of society. Through the guise of women’s rights. The most important thing to women, according to Democrats, is abortion. And they do their best to make abortion readily available. Especially to women of color. Like in New York City. And Mississippi. Where black women are having far more abortions than white women. Making America whiter. More like the neighborhood where Nancy Pelosi lives. And more like the color Democrats have fought to keep America since the Three-Fifths Compromise. The Fugitive Slave Act. Popular Sovereignty. The KKK. And Jim Crowe Laws.
Tags: abolition, abortion, Abraham Lincoln, American Civil War, aristocracy, blacks, civil rights, Democrat Party, Democratic-Republican Party, Democrats, elite, elite few, federal government, fiefdoms, Fugitive Slave Act, House of Representatives, Jim Crowe laws, Kansas, Kansas-Nebraska Act, KKK, Louisiana Territory, Missouri, Missouri Compromise, Nancy Pelosi, New World, North, Old World, plantation, planter elite, popular sovereignty, power, privilege, Republican, Senate, slavery, slaves, South, southern aristocracy, Southern Democrats, states' rights, superior, superiority, supremacy, Three-Fifths Compromise, white supremacy
The Constitution prevented the Executive from Ruling Arbitrarily and becoming Judge, Jury and Executioner
There have been funding gaps. And there have been government shutdowns. But not always both. For once upon a time the executive branch stayed open for business even when the House of Representatives did not approve their bills for payment. But that all changed in 1980 thanks to Jimmy Carter’s attorney general. Benjamin Civiletti.
Civiletti wrote two opinions as attorney general changing the way government spends money. The first said the executive can’t spend any money without the House of Representatives’ approval. A strict interpretation of the U.S. Constitution. His second opinion softened the first. Giving the executive power to spend money the House of Representatives doesn’t approve of when necessary to protect life and property. Such as funding the military. And so grew the delineation between essential and nonessential spending. Or what some would say essential spending and pork.
The Founding Fathers saw the damage absolute monarchies could do. Even a constitutional monarchy with too much power. So they separated powers. They created three branches of government. The executive, the legislative and the judiciary. One branch to write the law (the legislature). One branch to enforce the law (the executive). And one branch to interpret questions in the law (the judiciary). Thus preventing the executive from ruling arbitrarily and becoming judge, jury and executioner. Like a king.
The Founding Fathers gave the Power of the Purse to the House to rein in Executive Spending
The Founding Fathers took the separation of powers further. The House of Representatives was the people’s house. Where the people voted in their representatives by popular vote. But to keep a check on federal power the Senate was the states’ house (since changed by constitutional amendment, thus greatly increasing the power of the federal government over the states). Each state in the union had an equal voice. Thus requiring not only a majority of the people it also required a majority of the states to pass federal law. To keep the larger urban populations from dictating policy to the lesser populated rural areas.
The Founding Fathers took the separation of powers even further. Giving the power of the purse to the House of Representatives. So the executive couldn’t wage costly wars. Or expand bloated bureaucracies to reward campaign donors with patronage. Or expand a welfare state to buy votes. Especially since Alexander Hamilton opened Pandora’s Box with his interpretation of the necessary and proper clause. Which expanded the scope of the federal government to include whatever it thought was necessary and proper. Giving rise to the progressive/liberal state. Something that would have horrified Alexander Hamilton if he were alive today to see the behemoth the federal government became. And had he known then what would become of the federal government today he would have been a Jeffersonian. Jefferson and Hamilton would probably still have hated each other but they would have agreed on keeping limited government limited.
Civiletti understood that the Founding Fathers meant to rein in the spending powers of the executive branch. To meet the intent of the separation of powers they felt was essential for representative government. A government of the people, by the people and for the people. As Abraham Lincoln so eloquently said in the Gettysburg Address some 76 years later. Hence his first opinion. Which he softened with his second when it hurt his boss and the Democrat cause. For Civiletti was a Democrat.
The Democrats want to Break the Republican Opposition and Govern Against the Intent of the Founding Fathers
Before Civiletti’s opinions there was little urgency to settle funding gaps between what the executive branch wanted and what the House would approve. So at the end of a fiscal year the executive often continued to operate without spending authority. Letting the durations of these funding gaps last for a week or more. With no interruption of government services. But after Civiletti’s opinions the government shut down nonessential services. Which did speed up the closing of the funding gap. For when the funding gap included a government shutdown resolving the funding gap went from a week or more to a few days.
To date there have been 18 funding gaps that went unresolved into the new fiscal year. One of which is still ongoing. In the table you can see how much quicker the House and the executive branch resolved their differences with the threat of a government shutdown. The exception to that being the longest shutdown during the Clinton administration. Which ultimately led the way to welfare reform. Which greatly dampened President Clinton’s costly liberal agenda. And was the law of the land until President Obama used sweeping powers he does not have to roll back some of that legislation.
President Obama and the Democrats have called the House Republicans about every derogatory name in the book for dare trying to enforce the Founding Fathers’ separation of powers. Saying that never before has a radical fringe held a gun to the head of the executive, took hostages, demanded ransom, etc. But that’s not true. Of the 18 funding gaps where the House of Representatives did not give the president all the money he wanted that president was a Republican 55.6% of the time. So Republican presidents got their way fewer times than Democrat presidents. And as far as hostage takers, the Democrats held the power of the purse 15 of those 18 funding gaps/shutdowns. Or 83.3%. So the president and the Democrats aren’t telling the truth when it comes to the historical record. Who seem to be more interested in swinging public opinion to their side. So they can break the Republican opposition. And govern against the intent of the Founding Fathers.
Tags: Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Civiletti, Civiletti, Constitution, Democrat, essential spending, executive, executive branch, federal government, Founding Fathers, funding gap, government shutdown, House of Representatives, judiciary, legislative, limited government, necessary and proper, nonessential spending, power of the purse, representative government, Republican, separation of powers, shutdown, the House, U.S. Constitution
The Tea Party was the Driving Force in returning the House of Representatives to the Republicans
The IRS is very powerful. It can seize your property. It can throw you in jail. It can ruin your life. There is no other arm of the government honest people fear more. Because it is so powerful. America did away with debtor’s prison. Because it was inhuman to jail a person over a debt. Unless you owe it to the federal government. Then all of that compassion goes out of the window.
The recent scandal of the IRS targeting conservative groups is especially chilling. For the Tea Party was the driving force in returning the House of Representatives to the Republicans. Infuriating the Democrats. As well as the Obama administration. When President Obama ran for reelection in 2012 he had little to run on. The economy was horrible. No one was talking about Obamacare because the majority of Americans don’t want it. It was so bad that the Democrat president had to highlight his single national security achievement—killing Osama bin Laden—while ignoring his domestic policy achievement. Obamacare.
Then Benghazi threatened to ruin everything. An attack on an American mission that killed four Americans. Including a serving ambassador. Making matters worse was that it was an al Qaeda affiliated terrorist group that was responsible for it. This did not play well with the campaign message. ‘Osama bin Laden is dead. And General Motors is alive.’ President Obama had already won the War on Terror. So he couldn’t have a terrorist attack during his reelection campaign. So they hit the Sunday morning talk shows and said there was an anti-Muslim video on YouTube that created a spontaneous uprising. Where average Libyans on the street then pulled out rocket propelled grenades and mortar launchers from their back pockets. And launched a military assault on the American mission.
The IRS silenced the Tea Party during the 2012 Election by Harassing them and their Donors
You don’t hear much about the YouTube video anymore. During the 2012 reelection campaign, though, both the president and the secretary of state pushed it hot and heavy. Even apologized for it in a video to play in Pakistan. And arresting the obscure filmmaker on some other charge. And it worked. Benghazi faded into the background. Despite the Obama administration denying the American ambassador additional security. And issuing a stand-down order for forces that could have gone to help the Americans under attack. This order coming about 7 hours BEFORE the last two Americans died. To this day we don’t know who gave that stand-down order. And we don’t know where the president was when all of this was unfolding in Libya.
But it worked. The misinformation spun from the White House won the president a second term. And people started talking about what the Republicans had to do to start appealing to women and Hispanics. For the early postmortem said that was why the Republicans lost. They turned off women and Hispanics. But something was wrong with that conclusion. Because the conservative base didn’t turn out on Election Day. That’s why the Republicans lost. To explain that some said the problem was that Mitt Romney wasn’t a true conservative. And he turned off true conservatives. But that doesn’t make sense, either. Because Romney may not have been the most conservative Republican to run for president but next to President Obama the man was practically Ronald Reagan. There had to be some other reason why conservatives didn’t turn out like they did in the 2010 midterm elections that returned the House to the Republicans.
That was the million dollar question. What happened to the Tea Party? Who were so instrumental in turning out conservatives to vote in the 2010 midterm elections. It’s as if they sat out the 2012 election. For we didn’t hear their voice like we heard it in 2010. And now we have a plausible explanation for that. The IRS. They delayed and made it so difficult to get their 501(c)(4) tax-exempt status that some just gave up trying. Finding themselves and their donors getting IRS audits both for their businesses and their personal returns. As well as other arms of the federal government auditing them from the Department of Labor to the EPA.
Everyone wins with a more Simplified Tax Code except those in Power who use it to Attack their Political Enemies
Did the White House coordinate this? We don’t know. Yet. The IRS commissioner visited the White House 151 times. While his predecessor visited the Bush White House about 1 time. So that looks suspicious. And silencing the Tea Party did help the president win reelection. For silencing the Tea Party sure didn’t help Mitt Romney. So it looks probable that the Obama administration used the nonpartisan IRS to attack their political enemies. As they were determined not to suffer another Tea Party uprising like that which lost them the House of Representatives in 2010. Right now the circumstantial evidence is pretty damning.
This is not what the Founding Fathers had in mind. That was the point of limited government. So it didn’t have this kind of power over people it perceived as political enemies. And the source of this power is the complex and convoluted tax code. That serves those in power better than the people they serve. Allowing them to reward friends and punish their enemies. One would almost have to believe the reason why the current administration ran the deficit up to record highs is to further empower the IRS. By creating the need for ever more tax revenue. And the need for more strenuous collection efforts. Not to mention using the tax code to facilitate a permanent state of class warfare. For the government needs this complex and convoluted tax code to make sure the rich pay their fair share. As well as using it to reward their friends. And punish their enemies.
So perhaps it’s time to revamp the tax code. Some are talking about it. As they always do. But there is so much resistance because of the power the tax code gives those in power. And those in power quickly shoot down any talk about a flat tax or a national sales tax as being unfair. Regressive. Hitting low-income earners harder than the rich. But perhaps this is exactly what we need. So everyone feels the pinch of the taxman. So people won’t be so quick to give the taxman more powers. Because a lot of low-income people don’t stay low-income. And one of the quickest ways of raising low-income earners out of poverty is with a better and stronger economy. And there is one thing that does that better than anything else in the world. Low tax rates. So let’s take a look at different tax plans for a married couple filing jointly.
(For the national sales tax we assumed everything above a certain savings rate is spent somewhere in the economy. Those who earn more can save more. In our example the saving rates are 1%, 8%, 15%, 20%, 25% and 30 %.)
Those earning only $15,000 will pay more under a flat tax or a national sales tax. But the IRS becomes far less intrusive and far less powerful. Because it will be so much simpler. Giving honest people less to fear about. And giving those in power less power to attack their political enemies. Making it harder for them to cheat during elections.
Also, lower tax rates will bring money sheltered outside of the country back home. Which those rich people will invest here. To get even richer. And probably end up paying more taxes than they were before. Because they won’t have any need to shelter it. While all the new jobs they create will increase tax revenue further. Because there will be more people working and paying taxes. So everyone will win with a more simplified tax code. Except, of course, those in power who use the tax code to attack their political enemies.
Tags: 2010 midterm elections, 2012, 2012 election, audit, Benghazi, complex and convoluted tax code, conservative, flat tax, House of Representatives, IRS, IRS Scandals, jobs, Libya, Mitt Romney, national sales tax, Obama administration, Obamacare, Osama bin Laden, political enemies, President Obama, Republicans, scandal, tax code, tax rates, tax revenue, Taxman, Tea Party, White House, YouTube video
The Slave Owners were the Social Elite and Holders of Political Power Similar to the Aristocracy in European Feudalism
General Motors (GM) required a government bailout and bankruptcy protection because of rising labor costs that prevented them from selling enough cars at a price to cover their costs while being profitable. Their problem goes back to FDR. During the Great Depression his government placed a ceiling on wages. To encourage companies to hire more people. By paying more people less money instead of fewer people more money. So businesses had to do something else to attract the best employees. And the employee benefit was born. Pensions and health care benefits. That were very generous when there was no competition and car companies could sell cars at whatever price they chose. But that wasn’t the case in the 21st century. Competition put great cost pressures on those companies with rising health care and pension costs. And the job bank paying for workers who didn’t work. Until they could be put back to work. Adding a lot of costs to each car. And sending GM into bankruptcy.
Slavery as an economic model had a similar problem. High costs. Which goes contrary to the public perception that slave labor was free labor. George Washington wanted to sell his slaves and hire paid-laborers. Because his slave families had grown so large. So he had a growing slave population. But they all weren’t working. The young children could not do the work of a young man in his working prime. Nor could the elderly. Or the sick or infirmed. (Who he couldn’t sell along with the healthier and stronger ones in their families. So he kept his slaves, keeping those families together. Freeing them upon the death of his wife. And including provisions in his will to help them integrate into free society. Giving them some job skills to help them find gainful employment so they could care for their young, elderly, sick and infirmed.) Yet Washington was feeding them all. While the growing amount of food they ate couldn’t go to market. As the years passed his costs went up and his revenue fell. Just like at GM. For both had long-term labor commitments that became more inefficient over time. Which is why slavery was a dying institution in the United States. The industrial North was slave-free. As they used more efficient paid-laborers. Drawing a lot of immigrants to those northern factories. And slavery was dying out in the South. Until the cotton gin came along. Allowing workers to comb (separating the seeds from the fiber) huge amounts of cotton at a time. Greatly opening the market for that labor-intensive cotton crop.
The typical image of the South in 1860 is endless plantations each with hundreds of slaves working the fields. Which is wrong. Most people worked a small family farm. In fact, most of the Confederate soldiers who fought in the American Civil War came from those small family farms and never owned a slave in their life. The actual numbers of large slaveholders will probably surprise you. Approximately 0.84% of the southern population owned at least 20 slaves. Only 0.05% of the southern population owned at least 100 slaves. And the number of big plantations owning at least 500 slaves? Twelve. So it was a very small population that had a vested interest in the institution of slavery. Yet the South seceded from the union over the issue of slavery. Why? Because of who those slave owners were. The social elite and holders of political power. The Planter Elite. People similar to the aristocracy in European feudalism. An Old World nobility. The very wealthy few who ruled the South. And for awhile they ruled the United States thanks to an unfair advantage they had in the House of Representatives. Where they determined their representation by not only counting the free population but by counting every slave as 3/5 a free person as well. And this southern nobility was determined to maintain their aristocracy.
Popular Sovereignty created a Bloodbath in Kansas as ‘Free’ and ‘Slave’ People raced there to Settle the State
Which was easier said than done. Because of that industrial growth in the north attracting so many immigrants that they swelled the northern population. Transferring control of the House from the South to the North. Which left only the Senate (and the presidency) for the South. As each state got two senators the race was on to admit free and slave states to the union. Which didn’t really solve anything. It only made the differences between the North and the South greater. And intensified the bad feelings between the North and the South. The North was full of abolitionist busybodies trying to tell southerners how to live. While the southerners were a bunch of immoral slaveholders. Bringing shame to the nation that was supposedly a place where all men were created equal. Words enshrined in the Declaration of Independence. Words written incidentally by a southern slaveholder. It was finally time to address the nation’s original sin.
Congress passed the Missouri Compromise (1820) after Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory from the French. Adding a lot of new land to form states from. The compromise prohibited slavery north of the border between Arkansas and Missouri (except in the state of Missouri). They added new states in pairs. A free state. And a slave state. Maintaining the balance of power in Congress. Then came Kansas and Nebraska. Both above the Missouri Compromise line. Well, that meant two new free states. And a change in the balance of power. Which the South couldn’t have. So Senator Stephen Douglas introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act. And the idea of popular sovereignty. The idea of letting the people in these new states decide for themselves if they should be a free state or a slave state. Creating a bloodbath in Kansas as ‘free’ and ‘slave’ people raced there to settle the state. Fighting and intimidating each other so they would be the ones to vote on making Kansas free or slave. It was anarchy.
Abraham Lincoln had reentered politics in 1854 to campaign for fellow Whig Richard Yates. Who opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Democrat Stephen Douglas was making a series of speeches in Illinois. In response to one of Stephens’ speeches Lincoln gave his Peoria speech. In commenting on letting slavery into Nebraska and Kansas Lincoln said, “I hate it because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself. I hate it because it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world—enables the enemies of free institutions, with plausibility, to taunt us as hypocrites—causes the real friends of freedom to doubt our sincerity and especially because it forces so many really good men amongst ourselves into an open war with the very fundamental principles of civil liberty—criticizing the Declaration of Independence, and insisting that there is no right principle of action but self-interest.”
If Lincoln were Alive Today he would Likely Endorse the Republican Candidates Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan
The fallout from the Kansas-Nebraska Act splintered existing political parties apart. Created new ones that disappeared later. And gave birth to the new Republican Party. The party of George W. Bush, Ronald Reagan and Abraham Lincoln. Who became the leading spokesman of the party. The Republicans lost the 1856 presidential election but won majorities in most of the northern states. Tipping the balance of power further away from the South. When Lincoln won his party’s nomination to run for senator in 1858 he gave his ‘House Divided Speech’ saying, “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved—I do not expect the house to fall—but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other.”
When slave Dred Scott traveled to a free state with his owner his owner died. Scott said he was then a free man. The Supreme Court thought otherwise. Saying that Scott was still a slave because neither Congress nor any territory legislature had the authority to change that. Which meant no one could restrict the movement of slaves because no one had the right to restrict the movement of private property. Thus opening all the new territories to slavery. Making the South very happy. While infuriating the North. Who refused to enforce slave laws on the books like the Fugitive Slave Law. A provision included in the Compromise of 1850 for the states’ rights South. That called for the federal government to force northerners to return slaves or face arrest and penalties. States’ legislatures in the North passed laws saying a slave living in a free state was a free man. The Supreme Court struck down these laws. Favoring southern states’ rights over northern states’ rights. So the states just refused to help the federal government in any prosecution of a violation of the Fugitive Slave Law. Then abolitionist John Brown’s failed slave revolt at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, further angered the South.
Then came the 1860 presidential election. That Abraham Lincoln won. Which was the last straw. The South lost both Congress and the presidency. Worse, the new president, though not an outright abolitionist, opposed the expansion of slavery. Leaving the South with one last option. Secession. Which they did. Leading to the American Civil War. Which the South lost because of everything they believed in. For an Old World nobility just could not defeat a modern industrial power. Lincoln won because he had modern factories building whatever he needed. The northern economy was large and diverse providing war financing. Railroads crisscrossed the North. A large navy controlled the interior rivers and blockaded the southern ports. Cutting off the South from the outside world and starving it. When the South desperately pursued the British for recognition Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Making it impossible for Britain to ally itself with a nation fighting for the institution of slavery.
No president entered office with a heavier burden than President Lincoln. Standing on principle he made the hard decisions. Becoming the most hated sitting president of all time. He did not look for an easy solution like every other politician had up to his time. Only making the inevitable solution more costly. And more painful. He would do what had to be done. Regardless the price he would pay. Politically. Or personally. A cost so high that it made him a one term president thanks to an assassin’s bullet. He didn’t base his decisions on the polls. Or populist movements. But on principles. Drawn from the Constitution. And the Declaration of Independence. As well as the Bible. So if he were alive today who would he endorse in the current election? He would, of course, support his party. Out of party loyalty. And because it tends to stand on principle more than the Democrat Party. Which often used an activist Supreme Court to get what they couldn’t get in the legislature. Which tends to use populist movements and character assassination to advance their agenda. Such as the so-called war on women to scare women into voting Democrat because they can’t persuade them to based on a successful track record in office. Also, the Republicans are more pro-business and more pro-military. Which gives you the ability to win civil wars. And other wars. As well as protecting US security interests around the world. Maintaining peace through strength. For anything was preferable to the hell he went through during the four long years of the Civil War. And to have so much blood on his hands. The war being so horrific because of a policy of continued failed diplomacy when there was simply no common ground. He said that there was only one of two possible outcomes. All free. Or all slave. And he was right. But it took someone willing to be the most hated sitting president to have the courage to act to bring about the inevitable. So if Lincoln were alive today he would likely endorse the Republican candidates Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan. Not the party that wants to delay the inevitable by refusing to address the systemic problems of Medicare and Social Security. And a growing welfare state. Systems a declining population growth rate can no longer fund. Because aging populations bankrupt nations with expanding welfare programs. Just like an aging workforce can bankrupt a car company like GM.
Tags: 1860, 2012 election, 2012 Endorsements, abolitionist, Abraham Lincoln, American Civil War, aristocracy, Civil War, Compromise of 1850, Constitution, cotton, Declaration of Independence, feudalism, free state, Fugitive Slave Law, house divided, House of Representatives, immigrants, Kansas, Kansas-Nebraska Act, Lincoln, Missouri Compromise, nobility, North, northern, Old World nobility, paid laborers, planter elite, popular sovereignty, Republican, Republican Party, Senate, slave, slave labor, slave state, slaveholders, slavery, South, southerners, states' rights, Stephen Douglas, Supreme Court, union
Funny thing about the Americans is that they just didn’t Like Paying Taxes
United we stood. For awhile. Until we defeated the British at Yorktown. And negotiated the Treaty of Paris where Great Britain recognized our independence from the British Crown. But people grew weary of the war. On both sides of the Atlantic. And those in the once united states (small ‘u’ and small ‘s’) were eager to retreat to their states. And forget about the Continental Congress. The Continental Army. And everything to do with the confederation. Threatening to undo everything they fought for. Because of their sectional interests.
Shays Rebellion nearly pushed the country into anarchy. It was the tipping point. They had to do something. Because if they weren’t united they would surely fall. They owed Europe a fortune that they had no hope of repaying. Funny thing about the Americans. They just didn’t like paying taxes. Making it difficult to repay their debts. The Europeans gave them little respect. France tried to sell them out during the peace talks to rebalance the balance of power in their favor. Spain wanted to keep them east of the Mississippi River. And off of the Mississippi. Even refused them passage through the Port of New Orleans. Britain didn’t evacuate their western forts. The Barbary pirates were capturing American shipping in the Mediterranean and selling their crews into slavery. And Catherine the Great of Russia wouldn’t even meet the American ambassador. So the Americans were the Rodney Dangerfield of nations. They got no respect.
In 1787 delegates gathered in Philadelphia. To revise the Articles of Confederation to address these problems. Some enthusiastically. Some begrudgingly. While one state refused to attend. Rhode Island. For they were quite happy with the way things were. As the smallest sate in the union they had the power to kill almost any legislation that didn’t benefit Rhode Island. For some legislation the vote had to be unanimous. And they enjoyed charging other states tariffs for their goods unloaded in Rhode Island ports. Things were so nice in Rhode Island that they didn’t need much taxation. Because they had other states funding their needs. Thanks to those tariffs. Of course, this did little to benefit the union. While imposing taxes on their neighbors in the union. Sort of like taxation without representation. Funny thing about Americans, though. They didn’t like paying taxes.
Montesquieu said a Republican Government must Separate Power into Three Branches
Thomas Jefferson was in Europe in 1787. John Adams, too. But just about every other “demi-god” (as Jefferson called those at that gathering) was in Philadelphia in 1787. America’s patriarch Benjamin Franklin. The indispensable George Washington. The financially savvy Alexander Hamilton. The studious James Madison. The Framers of the Constitution. Highly principled men. Well read men. Prosperous men. Who were familiar with world history. And read the great enlightenment philosophers. Like John Locke. Who especially influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence. With his inalienable rights. Consent of the governed. And property rights.
As they gathered in Philadelphia to revise the Articles it became clear that they needed something more. A new constitution. A stronger federal government. With the power to tax so they could raise money. For without money the union could not solve any of its problems. So they set upon writing a new constitution for a new government. A republican government of republican states. As they began to frame this constitution they drew on the work of a French philosopher. Charles de Montesquieu. Who championed republican government. The ideal government. A government of the people who ruled at the consent of the governed. With built-in safeguards to protect the people’s inalienable rights. The key requirement being the separation of powers.
Montesquieu said a republican government must separate power into three branches. The legislature, the executive and the judiciary. A nation of laws requires a legislature to write the laws. Because the laws must respect the inalienable rights of the people the people must elect the legislature from the general population. So the legislature’s interests are the people’s interest. However, if the legislature was also the executive they could easily write laws that represented their interests instead of the people. Elevating the legislature into a dictatorship. If the legislature was also the judiciary they could interpret law to favor their interests instead of the people. Elevating the legislature into a dictatorship. Likewise if the executive could write and interpret law the executive could elevate into a dictatorship. Ditto for the judiciary if they could write the law they were interpreting. So the separation of powers is the greatest protection the people have against a government’s oppression.
If a Power wasn’t Delegated to the New Federal Government it Remained with the States
During the Constitutional Convention they debated long and they debated hard. The Federalists were in favor of a stronger central government. The anti-Federalists were not. The Federalists included those who served in the Army and the Congress. The anti-Federalists were those who didn’t serve ‘nationally’ and favored states’ rights. In general. So one side wanted to increase the power of the central government while the other side wanted no central government. For their fear was that a new federal government would consolidate power and subordinate the states to its rule. As if the last war never happened. And the states would still bow to a distant central power. Only this time to one on this side of the Atlantic.
So the balance they struck was a two-house (i.e., bicameral) legislature. A House of Representatives. And a Senate. The people in each state elected a number of representatives proportional to their state’s population. So a large state had a large representation in the House. So that house represented the will of the people. To prevent the tyranny of the minority. So a small privileged class couldn’t rule as they pleased. Whereas the Senate prevented the tyranny of the majority. By giving each state two senators. So small states had the same say as big states. Together they represented both the majority and the minority. Further, states’ legislatures chose their senators (changed later by Constitutional amendment). Providing the states a check on federal legislation.
To round things out there was an executive they called the president. And a judiciary. Providing the separation of powers per Montesquieu. They further limited the central government’s powers by enumerating their powers. The new federal government could only do what the Constitution said it could do. Treat with foreign powers. Coin a national currency. Declare war. Etc. If a power wasn’t delegated to the new federal government it remained with the states. To give the new federal government some power. Including the power to tax. While leaving most powers with the states. Striking a compromise between the Federalists and the anti-Federalists.
Tags: 1787, anti-Federalists, Articles of Confederation, central government, Charles de Montesquieu, consent of the governed, Constitution, Constitutional Convention, dictatorship, enumerated powers, executive, federal government, Federalists, Framers, House of Representatives, inalienable rights, Jefferson, John Locke, judiciary, legislature, Locke, Montesquieu, Philadelphia, republican government, Rhode Island, rights, Senate, separation of powers, states' rights, tariffs, taxation, taxes
The Founding Fathers put Responsible, Enlightened and Disinterested People between the People and their Government
The Founding Fathers were no fans of democracy. Election by popular vote was little more than mob rule. It would lead to the tyranny of the majority over the minority. And as Benjamin Franklin warned, once the people learned they could vote themselves money from the treasury, they would.
These feelings extended to the states as well. The small states did not want to be ruled by the large states. This is why every state had two senators in the Senate. To offset the influence of the big states in the House of Representatives. Where the people voted for their representatives by direct popular vote. And to offset the influence of the new federal government, the state legislatures would elect their senators. Giving the states a large say in federal affairs.
Knowing history as they did, this was all very purposeful. Indirect elections. Putting other people between the people and the power of government. And the treasury. The people would vote for responsible, enlightened and disinterested people to represent them. Then these responsible, enlightened and disinterested people would make policy. And by doing this the Founding Fathers hoped that the new republic would survive.
The Founding Fathers set up the United States as a Federation of Independent States
Blacks make up about 12% of the population. Gay and lesbians less than 1.5%. In a true democracy it would not be difficult for the majority to win a popular vote to make these people illegal. As crazy as that sounds a democracy could do that. If that was the way the mob felt at the time of the vote. This was the kind of thing the small states worried about. As well as the Founding Fathers. A tyranny of the majority. Where anything goes. As long as the majority says so.
Interestingly, a popular vote could have freed the slaves. Which was a concern of the southern states. The Three-Fifth Compromise was yet another provision the Founding Fathers included in the Constitution. To get the southern states to join the new union. This counted 3/5 of a slave as a person to determine representation in the House of Representatives. Which would offset the numerical superiority of free people in the northern states. And prevent them from ruling the southern states. Which is pretty much what happened after the Civil War. As the freed slaves tended to vote along with their northern liberators.
The Founding Fathers set up the United States as a federation of independent states. For before there was a United States of America there were independent states loosely associated together. Coming together only when they needed each other such as winning their independence from Great Britain. Even during the Revolution the states were still fiercely independent. And getting these fiercely independent states to join together in a more perfect union required a lot of checks and balances. A separation of powers. And indirect elections. Which the Founding Fathers dutifully included in the new Constitution. It wasn’t perfect. But it was the best such a diverse group of people and beliefs could produce.
The Seventeenth Amendment Destroyed a very Large Check on Federal Power
Of course, this leaves the presidential election. And the Electoral College. Which grew out of the same concerns. Of trying to prevent the large states from ruling the small states. The Electoral College blended together the popular vote of the House of Representatives. And the indirect vote of the Senate.
Each state had electors who actually voted for the president. The number of electors in each state equaled that state’s representation in Congress. The number of representatives in the House (population-based). And the number of senators (state-based). The electors typically cast all of their electoral votes based on the outcome of the popular vote of their state. Which is why sometimes presidents win elections even though they lose the national popular vote. An outcome designed by the Founding Fathers. To prevent a tyranny of the majority from ruling over the minority.
Some things have changed since the Founding. We extended the right to vote to black men. And then later to women. Both good things. But not all changes were good. Such as the Seventeenth Amendment. Perhaps the biggest change from the intent of the Founding Fathers. Ratified in 1913, it changed the election of Senators from a vote by the state’s legislature to a popular vote like that for the House. Destroying a very large check on federal power. Creating a much more powerful central government by transferring power form the states to the federal government. What the Founding Fathers tried to prevent in the original Constitution. With their checks and balances. Their separation of powers. And their indirect elections. Including the Electoral College. Which, if eliminated, would give even more power to the federal government. And a greater ability for the majority to rule unchecked over the minority.
Tags: checks and balances, Constitution, democracy, direct popular vote, disinterested, election, electoral, Electoral College, electors, enlightened, federal government, federation of independent states, Founding Fathers, House of Representatives, indirect elections, large states, majority, Mob rule, popular vote, president, presidential election, Republic, responsible, Senate, Senators, separation of powers, small states, state legislatures, the Electoral College, treasury, tyranny of the majority, United States, vote
The Founding Fathers Purposely made it Difficult for the New Federal Government to Spend Money
Benjamin Franklin knew. He knew what would happen once the people learned they held the keys to the treasury. “When the people find they can vote themselves money, that will herald the end of the republic.” All the Founding Fathers knew this. This is why they created a representative government. They put other people between the people and the treasury. A lot of people. Responsible people. People who knew better. Or should know better.
It started with the separation of powers. The country needed a leader. But they didn’t want a king. They wanted a leader with limited powers. So they limited the president’s access to money. The Founding Fathers gave the power of the purse to the House of Representatives. The president could only spend the money Congress allowed the president to spend. The president could veto spending. But Congress could override this veto by a two-thirds majority in both the House and the Senate. So the president can try to stop spending. But he simply can’t spend at will.
But neither can the House. Because the Senate has to approve any spending initiated by the House. Before it can even get to the president. The Founding Fathers purposely made it difficult for the new federal government to spend money. To limit the power and breadth of the federal government. By limiting its money. Even after the president signs it into law. Should any questionable spending pass both houses, and the president approves it, we can still challenge it. By the third branch of government. The judiciary. Which further checks the power of federal government. On the rare occasion when the federal government passes bad legislation.
As Originally Written in the Constitution the States’ Legislatures Voted for a States’ Senators
Back at the Founding the states were very powerful. They were nation-states. Joined together only by a loose and weak confederation. And very suspect of any distant, centralized power. Whether it be a king on the far side of the Atlantic. Or a president on the near side. To get the new Constitution ratified the Founding Fathers knew they had to appease the states’ concerns. And they did that with the Senate. The states’ house.
As they originally wrote the Constitution, we elected the members of the House of Representatives by popular vote. But not the Senate. The states’ legislatures voted for their states’ senators. These state legislators who we elect by popular vote in their states. This put even more people between the people and the treasury. And gave the states a way to rein in a federal government that strayed too far from their Constitutional boundaries.
But that all changed with the Seventeenth Amendment (1913). At the dawn of big, progressive government. When great amounts of power transferred from the states. To the growing federal government. And the spending began. The states’ legislatures no longer voted for states’ senators. The people now voted for their senators. By direct popular vote. And got closer to the national treasury.
Growing Spending and a Declining Population Growth Rate required Higher Tax Rates and Class Warfare
The federal government grew as we removed these other people from between the people and the treasury. Responsible people. People who knew better. Or should know better. Now people were closer to the federal treasury. And they slowly learned what Benjamin Franklin feared. They learned that they could vote themselves money. And did.
Responsible, limited government went out the window. Pandering for votes was in. Rugged individualism was descendant. And the nanny state was ascendant. Federal government spending grew. Federal taxes grew. And federal debt grew. Because you won elections by giving people stuff. Paid for with other people’s money. Which was key. You didn’t win elections by raising people’s taxes. You won them by raising other people’s taxes. And the way you do that is with class warfare.
In the beginning class warfare was easy. Because the federal budget was a lot smaller than it is today. So you didn’t need very high tax rates. And the population base was growing. A lot of families had closer to 10 children than the 2.3 children of today. So having lots and lots of new taxpayers in subsequent generations would produce a steady and growing stream of federal tax revenue. But as spending grew and the population growth rate declined, that caused revenue problems. Requiring higher and higher tax rates. And more and more bitter class warfare.
The General Trend of Defining ‘Rich’ Downward has Redefined the Middle Class as ‘Rich’
With the higher spending and falling revenue budget crises followed. Which ramped up the class warfare. Pitting the ‘rich’ against the poor and the middle class. Of course they kept redefining ‘rich’ as they needed to raise more and more tax revenue. First calling the superrich fat-cat industrialists and Wall Street bankers ‘rich’. The billionaires. Then they included the millionaires. But when they could no longer pay for the growing cost of the federal government people earning less and less were lumped in with these super rich. Until today it’s someone making as little as $250,000 a year.
Anyone who says these people should pay their fair share should understand the general trend of defining ‘rich’ downward. And that line that defined ‘rich’ has moved a long way down. Closer and closer to the middle class. Like those earning $250,000. Many of these people aren’t rich. Not by a long shot. Despite earning $250,000. They’re small business owners. People who risk everything to run a restaurant. Or start a construction business. The number one and number two type of business that fails. Because they can’t cover their bills. And grow their businesses. Despite having business income of $250,000.
The problem isn’t that the rich aren’t paying their fair share of taxes. It’s that the government is spending too much. In their eternal quest to buy votes. By granting more and more government largess to the poor and middle class. Courtesy of the rich. Who will soon be anyone with a job. Because of that growing federal spending. And a declining birthrate.
Today’s Benefits are Paid by the Rich and Future Generations
As Benjamin Franklin feared this spending is threatening the health of his republic. And governments around the world. Because people learned that they could vote themselves money. And politicians were only too glad to oblige. Promising ever more. In exchange for votes. By providing ever more generous and growing government benefits. Confident that they didn’t have to pay for these costs. Instead, they could simply pass the cost of this largess to future generations. Who don’t vote today.
So today’s benefits are in fact paid by the rich. Who are small in numbers. And future generations. Who aren’t voting yet. You see, it’s easy to provide benefits today. That helps garner votes for today. When the costs of these benefits will be borne by a subsequent generation. A generation so far out into the future that they have no say today. But over time this future generation has gotten closer and closer to the current generation. So close that people alive today will be paying for benefits of today. More importantly, this future generation is already voting today. And that’s a BIG problem for a growing government. So expect the class warfare to get uglier still.
This could herald the end of the republic. Unless the current generation learns that they are in fact the future generation. And that they are the new ‘rich’. Regardless of how much they earn. And they’ll learn this fast as they pay for everyone else. After which they’ll see that there’s nothing left for them. Then they’ll take notice. And stop the insanity. Then, and only then, will they stop voting themselves money.
Tags: $250, 000, benefits, Benjamin Franklin, class warfare, Congress, Constitution, debt, democracy, elections, fair share, federal budget, federal government, federal treasury, Founding Fathers, Franklin, future generations, government benefits, herald the end of the republic, House of Representatives, keys to the treasury, legislators, limited government, limited powers, middle class, national treasury, poor and the middle class, popular vote, population, representative government, Republic, rich, Senate, separation of powers, states, states legislatures, tax rates, tax revenue, taxes, treasury, vote themselves money
The Liberal Ruling Class hails from the Ivy League
Liberals hail from the Ivy League. Where they’re taught important life skills. Arrogance. Conceit. And condescension. It is here at these universities that they learn to hold everyone in contempt. Yes, there are some out there with true liberal bona fides that didn’t go to the Ivy League, but they are the exception. Not the rule. These people may bleat the liberal line as well as the Ivy Leaguer, but they are not going to ascend to the Ruling Class. And though they won’t admit it, the Ruling Class holds most of these liberals in contempt, too.
Amassing wealth and power in a few, elite hands is nothing new. Even in early America. The Planter Elite of the Deep South were a small minority of the population. But they held the wealth and power in the Deep South. And they wielded it during the Philadelphia Convention. They held the founding of the new nation hostage. Unless the land where all men were created equal had slavery there would be no new nation. So there was slavery. And the Ruling Class of the Deep South gave themselves extra political clout in the new federal government. Thanks to the Three-Fifths Compromise. The minority planter elite were able to inflate their numbers by counting 3/5 of each slave. Thus inflating their numbers in the House of Representatives.
So for the first 50 years or so of the new nation the new federal government spoke with a decidedly southern accent. And often dictated policy in the new nation. And for those 50 or so years the Deep South was happy to be part of the union. Because they sort of ran the show. Then all that immigration into the north started to change the balance of power in the House of Representatives. Which left the presidency (where they did whatever they could to make sure the president would be sympathetic to southern views and willing to compromise to save the union). And the Senate. And to maintain power in the Senate they had to hold on to slavery.
The Planter Elite used Slavery to Concentrate Wealth and Power in their Hands
The Ruling Class, the Planter Elite (approximately 5% of the Southern population), used slavery to concentrate wealth and power in their hands. It was truly an old-school aristocracy in the Deep South. The ‘landed aristocracy’ in these states owned these states. And up to the mid 19th century they took this disproportionate power to Congress. They advanced and blocked legislation to protect their slaveholding interests. To maintain their minority rule. Their power. And their wealth.
As immigration began to tip the balance of power away from them they turned their focus to the Senate. Each state got two senators. Population numbers didn’t matter. What mattered was that there wasn’t more ‘free’ states than ‘slave’ states. And that there was no prevailing antislavery sentiment. As there was throughout the northern states at the time. Not only did they eschew slavery, they weren’t even returning runaway slaves to their rightful owners. So while they could the Planter Elite would use the power of the federal government to override any state law they felt counterproductive to their interests. And dictate policy to these recalcitrant northern states.
For you see, slavery is a lot like socialism. It doesn’t work well when those trapped in it can escape it. And that was a problem for the Deep South. Their slaves were escaping to these northern states. And these uppity northern state governments refused to return this southern ‘property’. Not only were they taking a financial loss on these runaway slaves, but this northern sanctuary was encouraging more slaves to run away. This would not do. So they passed the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 compelling them to return these slaves to bondage. Or be fined and/or jailed. This did not go over well in the North. And it placed the country on the road to civil war.
The Civil War was a Battle between Privileged Aristocracy and the Equality of Self-Government
All during the run up to the Civil War, the Ruling Class, the planter elite of the Deep South, participated in the democratic process. Because for a long time they were free to dictate a lot of U.S. policy. From a stacked deck (thanks to the Three-Fifths Compromise). And repeated threats of secession if they didn’t get their way. Politicians on both sides of the slavery issue made compromise after compromise to keep the union together. But that all changed with the election of Abraham Lincoln. A Republican. Which was the party taking a moral stance on the issue of slavery. This did not bode well for the Ruling Class.
South Carolina seceded first. Then the rest followed. The planter elite in these states led their states out of the union. And into civil war. Arguing that Lincoln’s federal government was going to infringe on their states’ rights (in particular their right to continue the institution of slavery). They called it the War of Northern Aggression even though they fired the first shot at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. And they told their brave soldiers to fight these Yankee invaders to protect their country (i.e., state), their families and their way of life. And they did. Some 300,000 dying in the process. But not to maintain the institution of slavery. For 95% of all Southerners didn’t own any slaves. They fought to protect their country, their families and their way of life. Most of which was a life of backbreaking labor on a small patch of land they called the family farm. That was in no way threatened by the North. But the Ruling Class lied. To protect their interests. Their wealth. And sacrificed a generation of their own people. Because to them, they were as expendable as the slaves on their plantations. Actually, they were more expendable. For Confederate soldiers didn’t show up on their balance sheets. But slaves did.
The Confederate soldier fought valiantly. But lost. In what was a battle between the Old World. And the New World. Between the privilege of aristocracy. And the equality of self-government. Between the Ruling Class. And ordinary Americans. The balance of power shifted. Away from the Deep South. But, alas, not to the people. Instead, to the North East. To the Ivy League. Where another Ruling Class would rise. And take over the reins of government. Keeping class warfare alive and well in the United States.
Tea Party Republicans are Decidedly Anti-Ruling Class
The players may change but the Ruling Class lives on. Those who feel entitled to an elevated position because of their birthright. Or wealth. Most often both. Which is what you need to get into the Ivy League. And you have to think correctly. Which isn’t too much of a problem for they make sure you do so in their curriculum. Which is heavy on liberal progressivism. And light on staying out of other people’s business.
Case in point, Obamacare. Universal health care. The holy grail of liberalism. The people didn’t want it. Based on the polling. And the town hall meetings. They didn’t want the government intruding into their health care. But they had both houses of Congress. So they could do just about anything they wanted. Dictate policy. And sneak things through in the dead of night. Which they did to make Obamacare law. Strictly along pure partisan party lines. Some of their members paid the ultimate price and lost in the following election. But they take care of their own. The Ruling Class. Though out of office, they’re never out of power.
That is until a bunch of uppity freshmen Republicans descended on Congress. Tea Party Republicans we call them. And decidedly anti-Ruling Class. And they’ve become a problem. For they won’t accept the established order. They can’t be bought. And they don’t care if they get reelected. The boobs. All they care about is keeping their campaign promises. Which is anathema to the Ruling Class.
And soon the shoe was on the other foot. The Ruling Class lost the House in the 2010 midterm election. And had to deal with obstructionism. And by obstructionism I mean responsible governing. Per the will of the people. From that contemptible Tea Party. For they are interfering with the natural order of things. That is, letting liberals do whatever they want. So now the liberals cry foul. And demand bipartisan compromise. Until they can dictate policy again. They way it should be. According to the Ruling Class.
Tags: America, anti-ruling class, aristocracy, balance of power, bipartisan, bipartisan compromise, Civil War, compromise, Congress, Deep South, dictate policy, equality of self-government, established order, federal government, freshmen Republicans, House of Representatives, institution of slavery, Ivy League, liberal ruling class, liberals, majority power, Minority rule, northern states, Obamacare, obstructionism, planter elite, power, privileged aristocracy, Republican, ruling class, secession, self-government, Senate, slavery, slaves, southerners, Tea Party, Tea Party Republicans, Three-Fifths Compromise, union, United States, Universal health care, wealth, wealth and power
The Founding Fathers’ Experiment in Self-Government
Benjamin Franklin said when the people find they can vote themselves money, that will herald the end of the republic. Because people tend to be greedy. And lazy. And they don’t understand public finance. Especially the uneducated ones. And there were a lot of uneducated people during our founding. The Founding Fathers worried about this. Because governments past have always exploited the uneducated for personal gain. Kings and lords would give the poor some alms to make them feel good about their lives of unending toil and suffering on the feudal estates. Should you not be lucky enough to have been born with the ‘right’ last name. The new United States of America was going to change that. Here it wouldn’t matter who your father was. Here, no one would be better than you.
But only if this experiment in self-government succeeded. So they were very careful when they wrote the Constitution. And the type of government for the new nation would not be a democracy. Instead, they chose a representative republic. For the Founding Fathers all feared democracies. Which when you come down to it is nothing more than mob rule. If the mob is racists they’ll pass racist laws. If the mob is sexist, they’ll pass sexist laws. And if the mob is greedy and lazy, they’ll vote themselves money from the federal treasury. This is the risk of democracy. All you need is a majority. And whatever you want is yours. No matter how destructive it is to the country.
That’s why the Founding Fathers did NOT give us a democracy. We have intermediaries between the mob and the actual law-making. We call these people our representatives. At the founding, these were the best of the best. Well educated and/or experienced. Men of great honor and integrity. Imbued with a selfless sense of duty. These men went out of their way NOT to prosper from their government service. Really. It’s nothing at all like today where government service is nothing more than a ticket to a fat pension and early retirement. Back then such a thought was anathema to the Founding Fathers. Which is very evident by the type of government they created.
Indirect Elections temper the Populist Tendencies
The Constitutional Convention was a hot, miserable, long summer in Philadelphia. There was little agreement. No one liked the final product much. But most agreed it was the best that they could do. Even then the U.S. was big. Lots of different people trying to make the final product favor their state more than the others. And few were in favor of giving the new central government much power. They all feared that this new central power would consolidate its power. And regulate the states to fiefdoms in a new kingdom. Just like in the Old World. So they took as many opportunities to restrict federal power. And minimize the influence of the populist mob.
The new federal government was a limited government. It was only to do the things the states couldn’t do well. Maintain an army and navy. Treat with other nations. Those things that needed a singular national identity. Everything else was to remain with the states. And to make sure the states would not lose their sovereignty, the states’ legislators would choose their federal senators. The House of Representatives would have direct elections. Being the closest to true democracy, the House risked being influenced by the mob. The Senate, then, would be wise and prudent to temper the populist tendencies of the House. To keep the House from doing something stupid. Like voting the people the treasury. (Of course, the states lost a lot their sovereignty when we changed this by amendment to a popular vote like the House.)
The president was to be elected indirectly, too. Like the senators. The Founders were worried that the office of the president could be easily corrupted. So they put great restrictions on its powers. And made it as difficult as possible for any one group or interest to ‘cheat’ and get their man into office. Hence the indirect election. Again, to protect their sovereignty, this fell to the states. State legislatures would choose electors who would then vote for president. (With quite a few close elections, there have been calls to eliminate the Electoral College and replace it with a pure popular vote. Of course, it is usually the loser in a close election who wants this change. If the same thing happens in a subsequent close election where they win they are quite happy with the Electoral College.)
Talented People create things to trade
The reason the Founders wanted so many people between the voters and the actual law-making is to keep people from voting irresponsibly. The federal budget is pretty big. And people see that it is big. They figure that because they pay taxes, there’s no reason why they can’t have stuff from the federal government. In a true democracy, the people could vote to cut taxes and increase spending. They could vote themselves a monthly stipend to live on and quit their jobs. An uneducated mob can easily do this. Who wouldn’t want to get a paycheck for doing nothing AND pay less in taxes? It’s very attractive. If I ran for office on such a platform a lot of people would probably vote for me. But there’s a problem with such generosity. You see, government can’t give money to people unless they take money from other people first.
There appears to be a popular misconception about public finance. Many believe that government has a stash of cash that they can give out whenever they please. And that this stash of cash has mystical power. That it’s endless. And when they give it away more just magically appears. But the government has no money. The public treasury isn’t filled with the government’s money. It’s filled with our money. That’s our tax dollars in there. Or it’s borrowed money. Borrowed money that costs interest. Paid with our tax dollars. Or it’s printed money. Money created out of nothing. Which makes our money worth less. Which makes everything we buy more expensive. We call this inflation. You just can’t print money. Because it just dilutes the purchasing power of the money already in circulation. It’s like a bartender selling you whisky from a bottle that’s one part water and 4 parts whisky. It not only tastes bad. But you’ll have to pay more to get the same buzz from an honest bartender.
The reason why printing money doesn’t work? Because it isn’t the money we want. It’s the things that money can buy that we want. Who sits in an empty room and enjoys looking at big piles of cash? No one. Take the cash out of your wallet or purse and see how long you can stare at it. Probably not long. Why? Because it’s boring. We don’t enjoy the cash. We enjoy the things in the room we trade that cash for. And this is key. We trade. We are traders. Always have been. And always will be. We started out bartering for things. You traded something you built (this is important) for something someone else built (equally important). Talented people who created things met to trade. And we still do this today. The money just makes it easier to trade. But this would not be possible if we all lived on a government stipend and nobody worked. Because if no one worked, there would be no things to buy. We would be sitting in an empty room staring at piles of useless money.
A Public Educational System that doesn’t Educate but Indoctrinates
The Founding Fathers understood all of this. And they framed the Constitution accordingly. They limited the powers of the federal government. Minimized the amount of actual democracy/mob rule. And minimized the amount of money in the federal treasury. For they were capitalists. They knew money left in the private sector stimulated local economies. People created useful things. Brought them to market. And traded these useful things for other useful things. That’s the way things were. It’s not how they are now. Politicians today are in politics for personal gain. They pander to the voters. Buy and sell favors. Enrich themselves in the process. And leave a swath of destruction in their wake. And how are they able to do this? Because the government has become more of a democracy than a representative republic.
Along the way the educational system failed. Probably starting in the Sixties. With the hippies in college. Who went on to teach in the Seventies. We spent less time on reading, ‘riting and ‘rithmetic. And more on American white guilt for what happened to the Native Americans and a slave economy. We learned less about the Founding Fathers. And more about the people they wronged. We learned less about American culture and more about diversity and multiculturalism. We learned less about American Exceptionalism and more about American Imperialism. We learned less about Western Civilization and more about ‘enlightened’ oppressive socialism. We learned less about capitalism and more about the ‘fair’ redistribution of wealth. Let’s face it. Kids in school didn’t have a chance. Their teachers were no longer teaching how America got to be exceptional. They were teaching that America was anything but exceptional. That we were guilty of every crime and injustice you could think of. That America needed to change. And that they, the young, our future, could make that change happen.
So the dumbing down of America began. For those unable to escape the indoctrination of the new public education. And the growth of government took off. In fact, you can say that as society became ‘less American’ they became more dependent on government. Where once rugged individualists dominated the land their numbers are thinning. As slick politicians lure more people by the siren song of an easy life provided by government benefits. And these politicians find the lie easier to sell with a public educational system that doesn’t educate but indoctrinates. In fact, it’s quite an incestuous relationship. The politicians spend more and more money on education. The money goes to the teachers. The teachers belong to unions. The teachers’ unions support and donate to Democrat candidates. So some of that tax money spent on education goes right back to the politicians that just increased educational spending. And the teachers, eager to keep a good thing going, teach their students to become good Democrat voters. Instead of teaching them about the three Rs, the Founding Fathers, American culture, American Exceptionalism, Western Civilization and capitalism. As the standardized test scores show. And does their irresponsible voting.
A Rising Sun or a Setting Sun
America is fast approaching a crossroads. People have learned that they can vote themselves money. And have. Politicians are pandering to these people for personal gain. Offering to spend more and more money that we just don’t have. Bringing us closer and closer to the end of the republic.
Ben Franklin sat through that insufferable summer in Philadelphia. Swatted at the giant horseflies in the hall. He was old and his time was short. He sat quietly during much of the debates. Often staring at the sun carved into George Washington‘s chair. He wondered if it was a rising sun. Or a setting sun. He saw it as symbolic of their little experiment in self-government and the work they were doing in that hall. Was this already the end of their noble experiment? Or was it just the beginning? After the delegates voted to send the new Constitution to the states for ratification he breathed a sigh of relief. For it was a rising sun.
I guess that question is once again open to debate.
Tags: America, American exceptionalism, Ben Franklin, Benjamin Franklin, Big Government, capitalists, central government, central power, Constitution, Constitutional Convention, democracy, education, educational spending, educational system, Electoral College, federal budget, federal government, federal power, federal treasury, Founders, Founding Fathers, House of Representatives, indirect election, indoctrinates, limited government, Mob rule, money, Philadelphia, popular vote, populist mob, populist tendencies, president, printing money, public education, public finance, public treasury, representative republic, representatives, self-government, Senate, Senators, sovereignty, state legislatures, tax dollars, teachers, teachers' unions, trade, treasury, United States, voting, voting irresponsibly, Western Civilization
Lying works. Political spin. Poetic license. Fibbing. Slander. Libel. Call it what you’d like. Politicians lie. Because it works. Especially when you can’t win in the arena of ideas. If they can’t win the philosophical debate what do our politicians do? Attack the messenger, not the message. If the history doesn’t validate their policies what do they do? Revise history. It never changes. The only thing that does is the people hearing the lies.
Presidents may dream, but the House of Representatives controls the purse. That’s why there are numerous battles between Capitol Hill and the White House. Between Speakers of the House and presidents. Some of the big partisan battles in recent times? Tip O’Neil and Ronald Reagan. Tom Foley and George H.W. Bush. Newt Gingrich and Bill Clinton. Nancy Pelosi and George W. Bush. When different political parties hold the White House and the Hill, the partisanship escalates. And the lies get more brazen. Especially on the political fringe.
Some lies bordered on the ridiculous. Like Ronald Reagan created AIDS to kill homosexuals. That George H. W. Bush flew to Iran on an SR-71 to meet secretly with the Iranians during the 1980 presidential campaign. Why? To negotiate with the Iranians to keep the American hostages until after the election. That George W. Bush blew up the Twin Towers to start a war that would let him invade Iraq. No doubt there was some political damage from these lies. But the lasting damage from these ridiculous lies pale in comparison to the Big Lies that the Left perpetuates to this day.
Ronald Reagan was president from 1981 until 1989. When he entered office, the economy was in the toilet. Double digit inflation. Double digit interest rates. Unemployment at 7.1%. Reagan wanted to cut taxes and spending. The Democrat controlled Congress wanted to increase federal spending to ‘stimulate’ the economy (ala Keynesian economics). The Congress fought him. But Reagan used the bully pulpit and appealed directly to the American people. They liked his message which brought pressure down on Congress. They gave a little. Reagan got his tax cuts. The top marginal rate went from 70% down to 28% by the time he left office. The result? The economy boomed. They call it the Decade of Greed. Because we were very materialistic and greedy. And people lived well.
Yes, but at what cost? That’s what the Left always says to refute Reaganomics. What they deride as trickle-down economics. They point to military spending. They point to Reagan’s deficit spending. And the growing federal debt. The Left says this is what Reagan’s tax cuts have given us. Growth and prosperity at the expense of future generations. Which is perhaps the greatest lie of the 20th century. But because the Left has repeated it so often, a lot of people accept it as fact. Even though the numbers refute this grand lie.
When Reagan entered office, federal tax receipts were $517 billion. When he left office in 1989, federal tax receipts were $991 billion. This is an increase of 91.7%. Or, to look at in another way, tax receipts in 1989 were 1.9 times the amount they were in 1980. That’s almost double. So, despite the great lie of the 20th century, Ronald Reagan’s tax cuts did NOT cause deficits or increase the debt. Cuts in the tax rates brought MORE money into the federal treasury. Excessive federal spending caused the deficits. Federal spending increased from $590.9 billion in 1980 to $1,143.7 billion in 1989. That’s a 93.6% increase. Spending, too, almost doubled. In other words, spending increased 1.9% more than tax receipts by the end of Reagan’s second term. Washington was awash in money. They just spent it faster than it came in.
Blame the excessive spending on Cold War defense spending or domestic spending. The point is moot. Because it doesn’t change the fundamental truth that Reagan’s tax cuts INCREASED federal tax receipts. Or the lesson learned that tax cuts stimulate the economy. Anyone saying otherwise is lying and trying to revise history.
Wither on the Vine
The Reagan decade ended prosperously. Reaganomics were a success. Which was a threat to those with a vested interest in Big Government. But people liked Reagan. And only agreed to vote for George H.W. Bush when he made the infamous ‘read my lips – no new taxes’ campaign pledge. But Bush was no Reagan. He wasn’t as conservative. Or as charismatic. He couldn’t sell conservative America (center-right) his less than conservative policies (center-left). The Left, seeing he was no Reagan, maneuvered him into a position favorable to them on the deficit. The Republicans wanted to cut spending. The Democrats, of course, wanted to raise taxes. And with the Democrats in control of the House, he caved. He raised taxes. And when he did, he became a one-term president. The American people were so angry when he reneged on his ‘read my lips – no new taxes’ pledge, the third party candidate in the 1992 presidential campaign, Ross Perot, got 18.9% of the popular vote. No third party candidate did better. Exit polling shows he drew equally from both Bush and Clinton, though only 20% of his voters were liberal. The rest were conservatives and moderates. Perot brought a carnival atmosphere to the campaign. Charts and props made for good TV. This spectacle, though, drew critical attention away from Clinton’s past. Parts of which moderates would have found objectionable.
Clinton ran as a centrist. He lied. As liberals are wont to do during a campaign in a center-right country. Once in office, he swung to the left. The American people were angry. As people are wont to be when lied to. At the 1994 midterm elections, the people spoke. And gave both houses of Congress to the Republicans. Newt Gingrich became the Speaker of the House. He co-authored the Contract with America which was a Republican pledge to return America to a conservative path. It appealed to the American people. It’s what swept the Republicans into power. And it scared the Left. So they attacked it. Called it the Contract on America. And they attacked Newt Gingrich. With a vengeance.
In 1995, Gingrich discussed an alternative to Medicare. Number crunchers projected Medicare (and Social Security) to go into the red a decade or two out. Medicare (and Social Security) is a big federal expenditure and a political third rail. The Left uses the elderly as political pawns whenever they can. Because that’s what Big Government does. Get people dependent on Big Government and then scare the hell out of them by saying the Right wants to take their benefits away. Gingrich was discussing high-deductible health insurance plans and tax free Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs). The MSAs included an annual federal subsidy for seniors. The plan would be appealing to seniors, Gingrich thought, because they could get better health care coverage with a private plan. The MSAs and the federal subsidies would make it affordable. Better care without paying more. Who wouldn’t want that? Once people made this choice voluntarily, they would move out of Medicare into a private plan. Those comments in 1995 included this:
What do you think the Health Care Financing Administration is? It’s a centralized command bureaucracy. . . . Now, we don’t get rid of it in round one because we don’t think that that’s politically smart and we don’t think that that’s the right way to go through a transition. But we believe it’s going to wither on the vine because we think people are voluntarily going to leave it — voluntarily.
Wither on a vine? Talk about a hanging softball. There was no way the Democrats weren’t going to whack that one out of the park. It quickly became ‘Medicare benefits’ and NOT the inefficient ‘centralized command bureaucracy’ that was going to wither on the vine. The Left ran with it. Another grand lie. Repeated it at nauseam. And scared the seniors. Gingrich’s days were numbered. And Clinton had a new enemy to demonize. Which came in handy when no one wanted his policies.
The Lies that Keep on Giving
Big Government depends on getting as many people dependent on government as possible. Medicare (and Social Security) is one program that does this very well. And when Gingrich dared to threaten it, they destroyed him. With a grand lie. Like the grand lie that tax cuts stimulate deficits, not the economy. Perpetuating these lies enables unsustainable government spending. Threatens the future of all Americans. And the longer it takes for the truth to come out, the deeper the hole we dig ourselves into.
Tags: American People, arena of ideas, Big Government, Big Lies, Bill Clinton, bully pulpit, Bush, Capitol Hill, Center-right, center-right country, centrist, Clinton, Congress, conservative America, Contract on America, Contract with America, cut taxes, Decade of Greed, deficit spending, dependent on government, Economics, federal debt, federal spending, federal tax receipts, fundamental truth, George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, Gingrich, grand lie, growth and prosperity, House of Representatives, keep on giving, Keynesian economics, lesson learned, liars, liberals, lie, Medicare, moderates, MSAs, Newt Gingrich, one-term president, partisan battles, Partisanship, political spin, politicians, politicians lie, president, raise taxes, Read my lips, read my lips - no new taxes, Reagan, Reagan decade, Reagan's tax cuts, Reaganomics, Repeating a lie, revise history, Ronald Reagan, Ross Perot, scared the seniors, seniors, Speaker of the House, spending, stimulate the economy, tax receipts, the House, the Left, third party candidate, trickle-down economics, White House, wither on the vine
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