Health Insurance Premiums and Deductibles

Posted by PITHOCRATES - October 21st, 2013

Economics 101

The Requirements of Obamacare force Insurers to Cancel their Less Costly Policies

We buy health insurance to protect our financial assets in case of a catastrophic health problem.  Such as a bad accident requiring costly hospitalization and rehabilitation.  Or a costly disease.  Like cancer or a heart attack.  As bad as those things are the good news is that most people don’t suffer from these health problems.  Which allows us to use insurance to protect our financial assets.

People in an insurance pool pay a small premium to pay for a potential loss.  Such as a catastrophic health problem.  Because not everyone in the pool will suffer from a catastrophic health problem the insurance premium can be much smaller than the cost of medical care for the few that do.  A premium small enough that individuals and families can budget this amount and rest comfortably knowing that a catastrophic health problem won’t cost them their home, their kids’ college fund, their retirement savings, etc.  A system that has worked well.  Until we started using insurance to pay for everything under the sun.  Which has caused insurance premiums to soar.  And Obamacare just doubles down on this trend and turns insurance into welfare.

Premiums before and after Obamacare R1

Obamacare raises the coverage requirements for all insurance policies.  To a ridiculous extent.  For example, couples whose children are grown adults still need pediatric coverage.  Obamacare requires a lot of standard coverage like this that is virtually impossible for some people to use.  Thus greatly raising insurance premiums.  In our example our fictitious insurance pool contains 10,000 individuals and 10,000 families.  To include everything the Obama administration wants to include raises individual premiums 240%.  And family premiums 257%.  Which causes a problem with President Obama’s promise to the American people.  That thing about keeping your current insurance if you like your current insurance.  As insurers have no choice but to cancel their less costly policies.

The Affordable Care Act makes Premiums Unaffordable by Requiring Insurers to Cover More

That promise was, of course, a lie.  Because you can’t buy more for less money.  You just can’t get more for less.  So if the policies cover more they cost more.  If they cover a lot more they cost a lot more.  Well, that creates a bit of a problem for the optics of the Affordable Care Act.  When you make the existing health care system ‘affordable’ you really can’t raise the cost of insurance by over 200%.  Even if you are giving more insurance coverage.  Because if it’s just too expensive people won’t have the money available to pay for it.  So they brought the premiums down from what they would need to be to do what they want them to do.  To something a little more affordable.  Like this.

Premiums before and after Obamacare Adjusted R1

Which brings the increases to 80% for an individual policy.  And 129% for a family policy.  These are still steep price hikes.  But with the more these policies cover and subsidies for those who need them they are an easier sell.  Of course, there is another problem.  Selling these policies at these lower prices won’t bring as much money into the insurance pool.  Which will limit what this pool can pay for.  Leading to rationing.  And longer waiting times.  As health care providers will have to tell patients ‘no’ because the insurer denied the treatment or procedure.  Which sort of defeats the purpose of Obamacare.  Affordable health care for everyone.

So what to do?  To cover everything under the sun requires hefty premiums.  But hefty premiums are not affordable.  There appears to be a paradox here.  And that’s because there is.  Because you can’t get more for less.  But Obamacare has a workaround for this paradox.  At least for the optics of Obamacare.

The Ultimate Goal of Obamacare may be to Fail to Clear the Way for Single-Payer National Health Care

There’s another part of health insurance.  The deductible.  The out-of-pocket portion of our health care expenses.  When insurance was truly insurance we paid for our routine health care expenses out-of-pocket.  We took our kids to the doctor for their vaccinations and the doctor billed us.  Then we paid the bill.  Using our insurance only for those catastrophic health problems that we couldn’t plan for.  Or budget for.  And it’s the deductible that makes Obamacare look more affordable than it is.  By making their deductible far exceed their premium.  So a lot of people pay into the pool but never collect from it.

Claims Individual and Family R1

In this example we look at some claims.  The money the insurance pool pays out.  The above numbers are net of the deductible.  So the annual claim per individual and family is money from the pool paying their bills.  Most people get little.  While the breakout with the fewest members have a catastrophic health care problem.  The total claims for this pool for both individuals and families come to $159,750,000.  While premiums total only $123 million at our adjusted premiums.  That’s a $36,750,000 shortfall.  Well, insurers can’t pay out more than they collect so they need to find another $36 million or so without making this affordable health insurance appear unaffordable.  So where can we find another $36 million?

By raising the deductible, of course.  If we raise the deductible for both individuals and families to $7,500 those claims at $7,500 or less are out-of-pocket.  They don’t come from the insurance pool.  If we add up the claims that become out-of-pocket they total $57,250,000.  More than enough to cover the shortfall.  As well as provide subsidies for the poor.  And all those new government jobs to run Obamacare.  With these higher deductibles AND higher premiums people will be paying far more for their health care than they did before.  Perhaps more than they can afford.  Thus making the Affordable Care Act unaffordable.  Which may be the ultimate goal of Obamacare.  To fail.  So the government can blame greedy insurers who the people will hate even more.  And setting the stage to get the people to acquiesce to a single-payer system.  Or national health care.  Which the left wanted all along.

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