Slavery made the South more like an Old World Aristocracy than a New World Meritocracy
Democrats don’t like people of color. Never have. The Democrat Party’s lineage goes back to Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican Party. Thomas Jefferson was one of our Founding Fathers who, as the Democrats love to remind us, owned slaves. In fact, the Democratic-Republican Party was the party of the planter elite. And of slavery. While the opposition party, the Federalists, whose members included George Washington, John Adams and Alexander Hamilton, preferred manufacturing and commerce for the future of the United States. Not just plantations and slavery.
It was these southern planters who made the Three-Fifths Compromise necessary. Slaves couldn’t vote. So the North didn’t want to count them in determining the number of representatives a state had in the House of Representatives. The planter elite did not like this. As the anti-slave North had more free people and would end up controlling the government. Possibly passing anti-slave legislation. Well, without the southern states there would be no United States. So they compromised and counted some of their slaves. Giving the planter elite greater power in the new federal government than their population would otherwise have allowed. And to seal the deal they agreed not to discuss the issue of slavery again for 20 years.
The minority power in the South, the planter elite, who were Democratic-Republicans, brought a lot of slaves to the United States during that 20 year moratorium on the slavery issue. Swelling the slave population in the South. But once the 20 years were up Congress banned the slave trade. So from that point forward all slaves would have to be born on U.S. soil. But the minority power in the South had built their little fiefdoms by then. Owning large estates. With their lands worked by their large slaveholdings. Making the South more like an Old World aristocracy than a New World meritocracy. And the planter elite liked having so much power vested in so few of their hands. From having their few numbers control the federal government. To their absolute control of so many human lives on their plantations. They were an elite few. A superior people. And they liked it.
The South used the Power of the Federal Government to Suppress States’ Rights in the North with the Fugitive Slave Act
Over time as the north pursued the dreams of Washington, Adams and Hamilton immigration began to swell the population in the industrial North. Leading to the South losing their control over the House of Representatives. And threatening their elitism. By then the Democratic-Republican Party had become the Democrat Party. Which pushed to protect the institution of slavery. To protect their southern aristocracy. And their elevated status as a superior people. They used the power of the federal government where they could. Such as passing the Fugitive Slave Act to force free states against their will to return free blacks in their states to slavery. Then they argued that their states’ rights were at risk with all of the North’s abolition talk. Where the North might one day do what the South did to them. Use the federal government to force a state to do something against their will. Such as they did with the Fugitive Slave Act.
Their fight for the Senate led to further compromises to keep the union together while accommodating the planter elite. The Missouri Compromise (1820) had prohibited slavery in the new territory in the Louisiana Territory above approximately the southern border of Missouri (but permitted it within the borders of Missouri). Each state gets two senators. So with the House lost the Democrats needed more of the new states from the Louisiana Territory entered into the Union as slave states. Even those above the southern border of Missouri. Which they did with the Kansas–Nebraska Act. Which repealed the Missouri Compromise and replaced it with popular sovereignty. Where the people would chose whether they wanted to be a slave state or a free state. Setting off a mad rush by both sides to get to these territories so they could vote the slave status of these new states their way. Leading to a bloody civil war in Kansas.
Then another blow fell to the southern aristocracy. Abraham Lincoln. With the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln the southern aristocracy lost not only the House of Representatives but the presidency as well. Worse, the Republicans were an anti-slavery party. So even if they were somehow able to hold onto the Senate the Republicans in power would challenge the planter elite’s supremacy. Break up their fiefdoms. And challenge their power. Something this elite few were willing to fight to prevent. Well, they were willing to have others fight for them. To maintain the social order in the South. Leading to cries about states’ rights. And an over-powerful federal government. Despite their having used the power of the federal government to suppress states’ rights in the North with the Fugitive Slave Act.
Democrats see Benefits for Blacks as a Necessary Evil to keep them in Power
Most southerners were poor farmers. Who owned no slaves. Yet they rose to fight for states’ rights. And to protect the South from northern aggression. At least, that was what the planter elite had them believe. Who sent many of these poor farmers to their deaths in the American Civil War. When it was over approximately 8.6% of the South’s population was dead. By comparison World War II killed approximately 405,399 Americans. However, if we had suffered the same death rate as the South did in the American Civil War our World War II dead would have totaled over 12 million. This is what the southern aristocracy was willing to—and did—sacrifice to maintain their power and privilege. Their supremacy over other people. Especially over their black slaves.
Such a feeling of superiority allows you to do some pretty horrible things. Just review the history of Nazi Germany to see some of the atrocities a ‘master race’ can do. In the post-war South the Democrats did not lose with grace. They resented the martial law in the South after the war. And they hated Republican rule. Protecting their former slaves. Even allowing them to run for government office. It was all too much for the fallen southern aristocracy. To remind people of the proper order of southern society they formed the KKK. And unleashed a terror across the South. Killing their former slaves. And Republicans. To codify their white supremacy the Democrats turned to the legislature. And passed laws to segregate the ‘inferior blacks’ from their superior selves. Jim Crowe Laws. Separate but equal. With the emphasis on ‘separate’. In time pressure grew against the southern Democrats. But they held strong in Congress. Fighting against any civil rights legislation. Including the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Where Democrat Senator Robert Byrd (and former Exalted Cyclops of the KKK) filibustered against the Civil Rights Act for 14 hours and 13 minutes. To keep the blacks segregated from their superior selves.
Things are a lot better these days. But Democrat feelings of superiority die hard. Even though they would have us believe they like blacks today. Despite their past hatred of blacks. And their seething anger of having lost them from their plantations. But they found a way to ‘get them back on the plantation’. By making them dependent on government. In exchange for their vote. Which keeps them in power. Back where they believe they belong. And are entitled to be. Because they are a superior people. So benefits for blacks are a necessary evil to Democrats. For they still don’t like them. As evidenced by where they live. Where some of the richest Democrats (such as Nancy Pelosi) live in the whitest of neighborhoods. And their apparent racial purification of society. Through the guise of women’s rights. The most important thing to women, according to Democrats, is abortion. And they do their best to make abortion readily available. Especially to women of color. Like in New York City. And Mississippi. Where black women are having far more abortions than white women. Making America whiter. More like the neighborhood where Nancy Pelosi lives. And more like the color Democrats have fought to keep America since the Three-Fifths Compromise. The Fugitive Slave Act. Popular Sovereignty. The KKK. And Jim Crowe Laws.
Tags: abolition, abortion, Abraham Lincoln, American Civil War, aristocracy, blacks, civil rights, Democrat Party, Democratic-Republican Party, Democrats, elite, elite few, federal government, fiefdoms, Fugitive Slave Act, House of Representatives, Jim Crowe laws, Kansas, Kansas-Nebraska Act, KKK, Louisiana Territory, Missouri, Missouri Compromise, Nancy Pelosi, New World, North, Old World, plantation, planter elite, popular sovereignty, power, privilege, Republican, Senate, slavery, slaves, South, southern aristocracy, Southern Democrats, states' rights, superior, superiority, supremacy, Three-Fifths Compromise, white supremacy
Mercantilism brought Slaves to the New World
Slaves were useful in more ways than one. As a source of labor. And a political pawn. The political elite has oppressed and exploited them for a couple of centuries in the New World. Though the oppression has stopped, the exploitation continues today with their descendants.
Colonization isn’t easy. It takes a long time. Longer in a hostile land. You start out by establishing colonies. The colonists first figure out how to survive. Then they sow the seeds of future generations. But there was a problem with this in the New World. A hostile environment. And the long time it took to raise a generation or two. And this was a big problem. For the European monarchies that were supporting these colonists did so for economic reasons. And time was money. They were to exploit the New World’s resources and ship these raw materials back to Europe. That’s how mercantilism worked. You raced around the world to find sources of raw material, establish colonies and then ship the raw material back to Europe. Where the Europeans processed them into finished goods. These goods were then sold back to the colonists. Or other export markets. To establish a positive balance of trade. Finished goods out. Gold, bullion, silver, etc., in.
That was the European model then in use. So unskilled labor was in great demand in these new colonies. Enslaving the local indigenous populations didn’t prove too successful. They could escape and disappear into a familiar environment that was friendly to them. So that’s why they imported Africans into the New World. They were a long way from home. And the local environment was just as hostile to them as it was to their white slave owners. With these Africans, the colonists were able to exploit their resources far quicker than they could have had they waited for their own numbers to multiply sufficiently to do the same work. Of course, this lead to a skewed population. Where a white minority ruled over a black majority. Worse still, slavery was only growing in the South. And that created a problem in the distribution of political power in the new federal government. Slaves didn’t vote or pay taxes. But there were a lot of them. If they were not counted to determine congressional representation, the non-slave holding North would dominate the new federal government.
The Planter Elite gets the 3/5 Compromise and an Unfair Advantage
First the African slaves were used as pawns by European monarchs to enrich their mercantile empires. Then they were used by politicians in a fledgling new nation to obtain an unfair advantage in political power. These Africans just couldn’t catch a break. Slavery was concentrated in the Deep South. In the hands of the planter elite. Though few in numbers they dominated political power in their states. And they planned on doing the same in the new federal government. To protect their interests. Wealth. And power.
But to do that there was that pesky problem getting in their way. The fact that the planter elite was a small minority of the population. It was different in the north. Political power was representative of the population. Where most of the population paid taxes and voted. And they were going to extend this theory of representative government to the new federal government. The North wanted to count all people (including slaves) in determining the states’ tax obligations. The South didn’t. The South wanted to count all people (including slaves) in determining representation in the House of Representatives and the Electoral College (that elected the president). The North didn’t. So they compromised. They would count slaves as three-fifths of a person. This compromise favored the North on the tax obligation issue. But it favored the South on the political representation issue. As a result of the compromise, the South would dominate the House of Representatives and the presidency until the Civil War.
So you see why slavery was so important to the South. It gave them an unfair advantage in the new federal government. Thus empowering them to protect their peculiar institution of slavery. Their interests. Wealth. And power.
The Founding Fathers had to Accept Slavery to Establish a Nation based on Liberty
The Founding Fathers saw the inconsistency of slavery and their founding ideal. Liberty. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, John Jay and Alexander Hamilton were northerners. Some were already abolitionists. Some would eventually join that movement. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison were southerners. They owned plantations. Worked with slave-labor. Washington actually looked into converting to paid-labor but the realities of the day made the continuation of slave-labor the humane thing to do on his plantation (changing to paid-laborers would have broken up the slave families). He is the only Founding Father that freed his slaves (after the death of his wife Martha). And his will stipulated that his heirs help the newly freed people integrate into free society.
Jefferson and Madison clearly prospered on the institution of slavery. (Well, the Jefferson family had. Jefferson was a genius in so many ways. Except in the way of making money.) Their wealth came from the plantations. And their political power rested with their brethren planter elite. Should they move against them they would fall from power. And should these ‘moderates’ fall from power, southern extremists would replace them. Who wished to see no restrictions on slave owning or on the slave trade. They were expansionists. They wanted to see their way of life, and their slavery, expanded into the new territories. They would never have gone to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787. They would never have ceded any power to the northern interests. There would have been no compromise between North and South. And the new nation might never have been born.
Jefferson and Madison were tainted by America’s original sin. There’s no disputing that. But there would have been no America without them. They were the bridge to the Deep South. So to make this new nation based on liberty possible, the Founding Fathers had to accept that keeping some of the people in bondage was necessary. For awhile, at least. The North promised the South they wouldn’t talk about the issue again for twenty years. And Jefferson and Madison reassured the planter elite that their way of life would not change. In more private conversations, they assured them that the new federal government would forever speak with a Southern accent. In 20 years time, the North hoped the southerners would have fixed this southern problem. Or that the institution itself would just fade away. While the Deep South hoped it would become so entrenched that it would be impossible to have these discussions again.
The Cotton Gin, the Fugitive Slave Act and Civil War
As it turned out, events would favor the South. Thanks to an ingenious invention called the cotton gin. Eli Whitney unwittingly gave the Deep South what they needed. For slavery was on the decline. The big slave crops were not very profitable crops (rice, tobacco, indigo and cotton). Planters were diversifying. Requiring farm workers with multiple skills. Which favored the paid-laborer. But the cotton gin took one of those unprofitable crops and made it profitable. By turning a labor-intensive chore (separating the seed from the cotton) into an automated process. And King Cotton was born.
This fanned new life into a dying institution. The Southern economy became a cotton economy. And the decline in slave-labor did an abrupt reversal. Fortunes were built on cotton. As was political power. And thanks to the unfair advantage given to the Deep South by the Three-Fifths Compromise, the Southern way flourished. Until immigration flooded into the industrialized north, that is. Even their unfair advantage could not stop the inevitable. The political power in the House of Representatives shifted to the North. And this spelled the beginning of the end for the planter elite. Compromise no longer favored the Deep South. And there was a lot of secession talk down there. A series of compromises followed in an attempt to keep the Union together. Such as the Fugitive Slave Act that forced the federal government to interfere with states’ rights. In the North. Forcing these states to return runaway slaves to the plantations from whence they came. The 1850s saw a march towards Civil War. And in April of 1861, General P.G.T. Beauregard ordered his cannon to commence firing on Fort Sumter in Charlestown’s harbor. Some four bloody years later with over 600,000 dead, the South lost. The slaves were free. And the Southern economy collapsed.
The great Republican, Abraham Lincoln, saved the Union. And freed the slaves. A fact not lost on the slaves. The planter elite were Southern Democrats. The party of slavery. So you can guess how the newly freed slaves voted. That’s right, the freed slaves voted Republican. Because Republicans ended slavery. Despite the Democrats best efforts to maintain their peculiar institution. Which makes one scratch his head today. Today, blacks vote predominantly Democrat. This same party that oppressed and exploited them throughout American history. So what changed? Well, the truth is, not much. Liberal Democrats continue to exploit the blacks. But with a little political sleight of hand, the exploiter becomes the protector. Champion of civil rights. And the corrector of past wrongs.
Liberal Generosity Destroys the Black Family
You see, liberal Democrats have the same problem the planter elite had. They’re a minority of the population. Yet they covet political power. So how do you get political power in a land with free elections? Without slavery and the unfair advantage of the Three Fifths Compromise? Simple. You have to figure out some other way to exploit these slave descendants. Their answer? Enslave them to government.
Government has the power to tax. Which gives them a lot of money. And power. So the liberal Democrat solution is to tax and spend and bestow government benefits in exchange for votes. And the liberal welfare state was born. Gave so much to the black family that they soon become dependent on this liberal generosity. And the black family who survived slavery. Reconstruction. Rampant and systemic discrimination. Was destroyed. A helping hand (welfare) became a way of life. Aid to Families with Dependent Children encouraged single women to have children. And men to abandon these children. For the state would step in and be father. Turns out the state was a horrible father, though. Kids grew up lacking fatherly discipline and guidance. And they drifted into trouble. Public housing grouped these fatherless children together. And sent them to school together. Spreading that trouble and bad behavior to the schools. So both the schools and public housing suffered from the new inner city disease. Blight. Spawned by the liberal welfare state. Leaving no escape for these inner city kids.
Or so says conservative economist Thomas Sowell. Born in 1930, he lived through much of that rampant and systemic discrimination. And the creation of the liberal welfare state and its affect on the black family. He has firsthand experience as a black man. And a lifetime of academic research and published works on the subject. The liberals reject him and accuse him of racism. Because he dares to say the liberal welfare state has done more harm than good. Worse, he backs that up with some compelling research. Unable to attack the message, they attack the messenger. Which is what people usually do when they have lost the argument.
Though their programs proved a failure, all was not lost. Sure, they destroyed the black family, but they destroyed them with an addiction. Addiction to the welfare state. And one thing addicts can’t do is walk away from their addiction. So they keep voting to maintain their fix of government benefits. They keep voting Democrat. Which was the goal all along. Not to alleviate any of their suffering. And unlike the planter elite, the liberal Democrat is not getting only three-fifths of a vote from their black population. They’re getting the whole thing.
The planter elite would no doubt be impressed by this political sleight of hand. And kicking themselves for not thinking of it themselves.
Tags: abolitionists, Abraham Lincoln, African slaves, Africans, America, balance of trade, black family, black majority, Civil War, colonies, colonization, congressional representation, cotton, cotton economy, cotton gin, Deep South, Eli Whitney, Europe, European monarchies, Europeans, federal government, Founding Fathers, Fugitive Slave Act, Jefferson, King Cotton, Liberal Democrats, Madison, mercantilism, New World, North, northerners, paid-labor, peculiar institution, plantations, planter elite, political elite, political power, Republican, secession, slave labor, slave owners, slave trade, slavery, slaves, South, Southern Democrats, southern problem, southerners, states' rights, Three-Fifths Compromise, Washington, welfare state, white minority