Lawyers make a lot of Money without Contributing anything Tangible to Society
An attorney was sitting in his office late one night when Satan appeared before him. Satan said, “I have a proposition for you. You can win every case you try for the rest of your life. Your clients will adore you, your colleagues will stand in awe of you and you will make embarrassing sums of money. All I want in exchange is your soul, your wife’s soul, your children’s souls, the souls of your parents, grandparents, parents-in-law, the souls of all your friends and law partners.” The lawyer thought about this for a moment then asked, “So, what’s the catch?”
That’s funny, isn’t it? Lawyers. Ambulance chasers. The butt of so many jokes. Why? Well, some will say they deserve it. Because they do chase ambulances. And will pass out their business cards if they’re on a sinking ship. Because sinking ships are good for lawsuits. And lawyers love to sue. For they can make a lot of money without contributing anything tangible to society. All they do is get between two parties when large sums of money change hands. And put a portion of that money into their pockets. That’s how they earn their living. Taking money away from others. They’re parasites. Just to get rich. And the big tort lawyers (those who sue people and businesses) get really rich. Allowing them to live very privileged lives.
Take a class action lawsuit. Where they bring a lot of wronged people together to sue a large corporation. The old David and Goliath thing. A little person can never take on a big corporation. But a whole class of them can. When represented by a tort lawyer. Who liken themselves as heroes of the little guy. Taking the big corporation on to make them pay for all the horrible things they’ve done to their clients. But who do they really help? Let’s say they win a judgment from a big corporation of $250,000,000. That’s a lot of money. From that sum they take their cut. Let’s say 50%. Leaving $125 million for the people the corporation wronged. That’s a lot of money. So the people won, too, right? Not really. For there are a lot of people represented in these class actions. Let’s say 5 million in our example. So if you divide the $125 million by 5 million that comes to $25 per person. So, again, who did the lawyers really help? The lawyers. Which is why there are so many lawyer jokes.
In the Private Sector if you want to spend Half of your Life Retired you have to Pay for It
Lawyers vote Democrat. Because they like being privileged people. They don’t want the laws changing that allow them to get so rich when money exchanges hands. Which is why they donate heavily to the Democrat Party. And don’t donate to the Republicans. Who complain about the high costs of frivolous lawsuits to businesses in an overly litigious society. It’s so bad that a footnote in the financial statements of a corporation about a lawsuit is not that big of a deal. Why? Because so many corporations are sued that investors are more surprised to see one that isn’t being sued. This is why Republicans want tort reform. And pass ‘loser-pays’ into law. Like many other countries have. Where the loser in court pays for the attorney fees for the side that wins. Which would greatly cut down on frivolous lawsuits. And cut the costs businesses incur from these frivolous lawsuits that they pass on to their customers. So the lawyers donate to Democrats. To prevent any tort reform that would change the easy way lawyers have of getting rich.
It’s the world’s oldest profession. Screwing people for money. But lawyers aren’t the only ones seeking privilege. There are a lot of others, too. Interestingly, they, too, support the Democrat Party. Such as the United Autoworkers. They donate heavily to the Democrat Party to keep labor laws favorable to unions. To make it more difficult for their nonunion competition. And to use the power of government to force people to pay may for a union-made car. Allowing their union members to live better lives than those outside of the UAW. And when even that doesn’t allow General Motors to pay its bills when selling a record number of cars the UAW goes to government for a bailout of their woefully underfunded pension fund. So their union members can continue to have a more generous retirement at an earlier age than those outside of the UAW.
Teacher unions seek privilege, too. You hear a lot about how the teachers don’t earn that much. But then again, they don’t work that much. Getting 3 months off in the summer. So you can’t compare their wages to people who don’t get the 3 summer months off. But for teachers it’s not so much about the paycheck. It’s the benefits. Very generous health insurance coverage. And pensions. Which have gone the way of the dodo in the private sector. Because people are just living too long into retirement. When they first set up these pensions people were dying in their sixties. The actuaries never saw people living into their eighties as common. So in the private sector if you want to spend half of your life retired you have to pay for it. And you work as long as necessary to fund the retirement you want. The union pensions just can’t work these days as they once did. Which is why teacher unions like the United Autoworkers and lawyers support the Democrat Party. They want to keep their privileged lives.
The Wealth Transfers of the Welfare State give Democrats Money and Privilege
Of course privilege is nothing new to the Democrat Party. They have long stood for privilege. Even now. As the Democrats provide themselves all kinds of exceptions from the Affordable Care Act. For more expensive and lower quality health insurance is good for the masses. But not for the privileged elite. Or their special friends who support them so generously with campaign donations. Congress has had a history of exempting themselves from the laws they pass for us. It took the Republican winning of the House in the 1994 midterm elections to change that. The first Republican-controlled House since 1952 required Congress to be held to the same laws as the rest of us. A bitter pill for Democrats to swallow. For their feelings of privilege go way back.
The Democrat Party can trace its pedigree back to Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican Party. The party of the slave-owning planter elite. Who from day one fought for their privilege starting with the Three-Fifths Compromise. To give them a greater say in the new national government than their voting population allowed. The planter elite’s South turned into an Old World aristocracy. With great manors for the landed aristocracy. And vast lands worked by slaves. Very similar to feudalism in the Old World. And something they fought hard to keep. Their privilege. The Southern Democrats used the power of the national government (such as the Fugitive Slave Act) to interfere with state laws in the North. To protect their feudalism by keeping slavery legal as long as they could while the north was industrializing and modernizing. With paid laborers. When they lost control of the House due to the growing population in the North they turned to war. Saying that the national government was interfering with state laws in the South. And getting poor southern farmers who owned no slaves to fight and die so the southern aristocracy could live on.
When the Southern Democrats lost the American Civil War they scrambled to maintain their privilege. They unleashed a terror on the freed slaves and Republicans with the KKK. The Democrats then wrote Jim Crowe Laws. Separate but equal. Government-enforced racial segregation. During debate of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Democrat and former Exalted Cyclops of the KKK Robert Byrd filibustered for 14 hours. To keep the South segregated. With power and privilege in a new aristocracy. Centered not on land but political power and cronyism. Even becoming the party for blacks as ironic as that is. Trading government programs for votes. And destroying the black family in the process. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) replaced black fathers with government. And moved single mothers and their children into housing projects that became infested with drugs and crime. But this large (and failed) welfare state transferred a lot of wealth to the Democrats. Giving them money and privilege. That they can use to maintain their power. By taking care of those who take care of them. Lawyers, the UAW, teacher unions and other privilege seekers. For nothing has changed on the left. They have been and always will be an aristocratic-thinking, privilege-seeking people who want to live better than the rest of us. While we pay for their privileged lives.
Tags: aristocracy, aristocratic-thinking, attorney, class action lawsuit, Democrat, Democrat Party, far Left, feudalism, frivolous lawsuits, health insurance, lawsuits, lawyer, money, North, Old World, pension, planter elite, privilege, privilege seekers, privilege seeking, privileged elite, privileged lives, Republican, retirement, slaves, South, Southern Democrats, teacher unions, teachers, tort, tort lawyer, tort reform, UAW, union, unions, United Autoworkers, wealth, welfare state
King Louis XVI of France enjoyed all the Benefits that came with being King until his Arrest and Execution
In Mel Brooks’ The History of the World Part: I we see a satirical look at a broad swath of history. It’s funny. And often crude. Such as the first art critic. Who is a caveman reviewing a cave painting. Everyone waits with bated breath for his critique. After a long and serious consideration of the work of art the critic picks up the front of his animal skin clothing. And urinates on the artwork. To the displeasure of the artist.
Then Brooks looked at Rome and the excesses of Caesar. Roman Emperor. Absolute ruler of much of the known world. Who lived in the lap of luxury. And enjoyed arbitrary power. Who could do pretty much whatever he wanted to do. And did. In the movie we see his legions bringing him treasures from conquered lands. Which they poured over him in an alabaster bathtub. Later, when a stand-up philosopher accidentally called the emperor fat and corrupt he sentenced him to death. As he did to the wine steward who spilled wine on him. Brooks made this funny in the movie. But the best comedy is based in truth. Suffice it to say you wouldn’t insult Caesar if you knew what was good for you.
Then we see Brooks have fun with King Louis XVI of France. Who ruled just before the American Revolutionary War. Until his arrest and subsequent execution in the French Revolution. The French monarchy was an absolute monarchy. The king could do whatever he wanted. During his reign France was going broke thanks to his predecessor’s numerous wars. And Louis’ support and financing of the American Revolution. Which he paid for mostly with borrowed funds. Leaving French finances in a mess. Some bad harvests led to a famine or two. So the common people were suffering during his reign. While Brooks showed Louis enjoying his luxurious life at the Palace at Versailles. With little regard for his people. Enjoying all the benefits that come with being king. As he groped the pretty ladies that caught his eye. And said into the camera, “It’s good to be king.”
A King needs an Aristocracy so he can trade Privilege for Wealth to Secure his Power
The portrayal of Louis the XVI is not exactly accurate. Or fair. For he was a decent man. Who tried to get his people to love him. He’s greatest fault was probably being a weak and indecisive king. Something most tyrants aren’t. And there wouldn’t have been a United States of America without him. Something else in Louis’ favor. But the life of luxury he enjoyed at Versailles wasn’t that far off the mark. For kings lived like kings. And if you had the right dad that exceptional life could be yours. Something a lot of people wanted. Even killing off some heirs to the throne to put themselves next in the line of succession. For the words of Mel Brooks ring true. “It’s good to be king.”
But the interesting thing about kings is that they can’t be king alone. They need an aristocracy. Rich people who the king allows to get rich. As long as they share some of their riches with the king. In the days of kings that meant landowners. So those in the king’s court who ran the government were wealthy landowners. They used their positions of power to secure their wealth. And they used their power to amass more wealth. Which they shared with the king. And because they did the king maintained their privilege. Which secured his power. So it was not only good to be king. But it was good to be in the upper echelons of the aristocracy. Who lived almost as good as a king.
Meanwhile the poor masses toiled on the land. Enriching the landowners. And the king. Who worked hard and got little in return. For their life was often “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” As Thomas Hobbes wrote in Leviathan. For the times of kings was the age of feudalism. Where the masses were attached to the land. Bonded to it. And forbidden to leave it. They were born on it. They lived on it. They worked on it. And they died on it. As their children would, too. With no hope of ever doing something different than your father did. Because in feudalism there was the king. The aristocracy. And everyone else. Those whose lives were “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.”
There is no way the President can live like a King without the Privilege he gets with his Position of Power
This is what bothered Thomas Jefferson. The connection between money and government power. For it was only when they came together could they oppress the masses. He wanted to keep the money as far away from those in government as possible. He didn’t want to see only a few rich landowners. He opposed the expansion of government. And when he was president he cut government spending. Not cuts in the growth rate of future spending. But actual cuts in spending. Unlike today. Where government spending only increases. Even when they cut it.
The country continues to struggle in the worst recovery since the recovery following the Great Depression. If you look at the labor force participation rate (LFPR) you’d conclude we’re still in the worst recession since the Great Depression. Yes, the official unemployment rate has fallen some. But the LFPR has fallen off a cliff. The only reason why the unemployment rate has fallen is that they have stopped counting hundreds of thousands of people who can’t find full-time work. People are hurting. There are fewer jobs now than when President Obama took office. People are underwater in their mortgage. The median income has fallen. While gasoline and food prices soar. But the stock market is doing well. Thanks to the quantitative easing. As rich investors can borrow large sums of cheap money to invest in the stock market. Especially those with friends in the federal government. Who don’t even have to risk their own money to get rich. No. Like aristocracies of old, they get large sums of taxpayer funds. In return they collect and bundle money from campaign donors to give back to their friends in power. To help keep them in power. So they can continue to get large sums of taxpayer funds.
Meanwhile President Obama and the First Lady have been living it up. There was the lavish vacation to Spain for the First Lady and her friends. The Christmas vacations in Hawaii. The summer vacations on Martha’s Vineyard. Ski trips to Vail. Golfing with Tiger Woods. Zipping back and forth across the U.S for fundraisers in Air Force One. Often hobnobbing with the Hollywood Elite and music royalty. The National Review Online reports the Obama White House annual household expenses are $1.4 billion. For these traveling costs add up. As the president enjoys the trappings of his high office. And who wouldn’t want to spend $1.4 billion on their household expenses? With that kind of money we wouldn’t be spending summer vacation in our backyards anymore. But we don’t get to live like a king. No. Our lives are more “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” these days. As jobs continue to disappear from the economy. And median income falls. So why does the president continue to live like a king when so many of the people are suffering? Because it’s good to be king. It’s good to be in the upper echelons of the aristocracy. And especially good to be in the federal government. For there is no way the president can live like a king without the privilege he gets with his position of power.
Tags: aristocracy, federal government, feudalism, government spending, It's good to be king, king, King Louis XVI, landowners, Louis XVI, monarchy, money, position of power, power, President Obama, privilege, Versailles, wealth
The Slave Owners were the Social Elite and Holders of Political Power Similar to the Aristocracy in European Feudalism
General Motors (GM) required a government bailout and bankruptcy protection because of rising labor costs that prevented them from selling enough cars at a price to cover their costs while being profitable. Their problem goes back to FDR. During the Great Depression his government placed a ceiling on wages. To encourage companies to hire more people. By paying more people less money instead of fewer people more money. So businesses had to do something else to attract the best employees. And the employee benefit was born. Pensions and health care benefits. That were very generous when there was no competition and car companies could sell cars at whatever price they chose. But that wasn’t the case in the 21st century. Competition put great cost pressures on those companies with rising health care and pension costs. And the job bank paying for workers who didn’t work. Until they could be put back to work. Adding a lot of costs to each car. And sending GM into bankruptcy.
Slavery as an economic model had a similar problem. High costs. Which goes contrary to the public perception that slave labor was free labor. George Washington wanted to sell his slaves and hire paid-laborers. Because his slave families had grown so large. So he had a growing slave population. But they all weren’t working. The young children could not do the work of a young man in his working prime. Nor could the elderly. Or the sick or infirmed. (Who he couldn’t sell along with the healthier and stronger ones in their families. So he kept his slaves, keeping those families together. Freeing them upon the death of his wife. And including provisions in his will to help them integrate into free society. Giving them some job skills to help them find gainful employment so they could care for their young, elderly, sick and infirmed.) Yet Washington was feeding them all. While the growing amount of food they ate couldn’t go to market. As the years passed his costs went up and his revenue fell. Just like at GM. For both had long-term labor commitments that became more inefficient over time. Which is why slavery was a dying institution in the United States. The industrial North was slave-free. As they used more efficient paid-laborers. Drawing a lot of immigrants to those northern factories. And slavery was dying out in the South. Until the cotton gin came along. Allowing workers to comb (separating the seeds from the fiber) huge amounts of cotton at a time. Greatly opening the market for that labor-intensive cotton crop.
The typical image of the South in 1860 is endless plantations each with hundreds of slaves working the fields. Which is wrong. Most people worked a small family farm. In fact, most of the Confederate soldiers who fought in the American Civil War came from those small family farms and never owned a slave in their life. The actual numbers of large slaveholders will probably surprise you. Approximately 0.84% of the southern population owned at least 20 slaves. Only 0.05% of the southern population owned at least 100 slaves. And the number of big plantations owning at least 500 slaves? Twelve. So it was a very small population that had a vested interest in the institution of slavery. Yet the South seceded from the union over the issue of slavery. Why? Because of who those slave owners were. The social elite and holders of political power. The Planter Elite. People similar to the aristocracy in European feudalism. An Old World nobility. The very wealthy few who ruled the South. And for awhile they ruled the United States thanks to an unfair advantage they had in the House of Representatives. Where they determined their representation by not only counting the free population but by counting every slave as 3/5 a free person as well. And this southern nobility was determined to maintain their aristocracy.
Popular Sovereignty created a Bloodbath in Kansas as ‘Free’ and ‘Slave’ People raced there to Settle the State
Which was easier said than done. Because of that industrial growth in the north attracting so many immigrants that they swelled the northern population. Transferring control of the House from the South to the North. Which left only the Senate (and the presidency) for the South. As each state got two senators the race was on to admit free and slave states to the union. Which didn’t really solve anything. It only made the differences between the North and the South greater. And intensified the bad feelings between the North and the South. The North was full of abolitionist busybodies trying to tell southerners how to live. While the southerners were a bunch of immoral slaveholders. Bringing shame to the nation that was supposedly a place where all men were created equal. Words enshrined in the Declaration of Independence. Words written incidentally by a southern slaveholder. It was finally time to address the nation’s original sin.
Congress passed the Missouri Compromise (1820) after Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory from the French. Adding a lot of new land to form states from. The compromise prohibited slavery north of the border between Arkansas and Missouri (except in the state of Missouri). They added new states in pairs. A free state. And a slave state. Maintaining the balance of power in Congress. Then came Kansas and Nebraska. Both above the Missouri Compromise line. Well, that meant two new free states. And a change in the balance of power. Which the South couldn’t have. So Senator Stephen Douglas introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act. And the idea of popular sovereignty. The idea of letting the people in these new states decide for themselves if they should be a free state or a slave state. Creating a bloodbath in Kansas as ‘free’ and ‘slave’ people raced there to settle the state. Fighting and intimidating each other so they would be the ones to vote on making Kansas free or slave. It was anarchy.
Abraham Lincoln had reentered politics in 1854 to campaign for fellow Whig Richard Yates. Who opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Democrat Stephen Douglas was making a series of speeches in Illinois. In response to one of Stephens’ speeches Lincoln gave his Peoria speech. In commenting on letting slavery into Nebraska and Kansas Lincoln said, “I hate it because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself. I hate it because it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world—enables the enemies of free institutions, with plausibility, to taunt us as hypocrites—causes the real friends of freedom to doubt our sincerity and especially because it forces so many really good men amongst ourselves into an open war with the very fundamental principles of civil liberty—criticizing the Declaration of Independence, and insisting that there is no right principle of action but self-interest.”
If Lincoln were Alive Today he would Likely Endorse the Republican Candidates Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan
The fallout from the Kansas-Nebraska Act splintered existing political parties apart. Created new ones that disappeared later. And gave birth to the new Republican Party. The party of George W. Bush, Ronald Reagan and Abraham Lincoln. Who became the leading spokesman of the party. The Republicans lost the 1856 presidential election but won majorities in most of the northern states. Tipping the balance of power further away from the South. When Lincoln won his party’s nomination to run for senator in 1858 he gave his ‘House Divided Speech’ saying, “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved—I do not expect the house to fall—but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other.”
When slave Dred Scott traveled to a free state with his owner his owner died. Scott said he was then a free man. The Supreme Court thought otherwise. Saying that Scott was still a slave because neither Congress nor any territory legislature had the authority to change that. Which meant no one could restrict the movement of slaves because no one had the right to restrict the movement of private property. Thus opening all the new territories to slavery. Making the South very happy. While infuriating the North. Who refused to enforce slave laws on the books like the Fugitive Slave Law. A provision included in the Compromise of 1850 for the states’ rights South. That called for the federal government to force northerners to return slaves or face arrest and penalties. States’ legislatures in the North passed laws saying a slave living in a free state was a free man. The Supreme Court struck down these laws. Favoring southern states’ rights over northern states’ rights. So the states just refused to help the federal government in any prosecution of a violation of the Fugitive Slave Law. Then abolitionist John Brown’s failed slave revolt at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, further angered the South.
Then came the 1860 presidential election. That Abraham Lincoln won. Which was the last straw. The South lost both Congress and the presidency. Worse, the new president, though not an outright abolitionist, opposed the expansion of slavery. Leaving the South with one last option. Secession. Which they did. Leading to the American Civil War. Which the South lost because of everything they believed in. For an Old World nobility just could not defeat a modern industrial power. Lincoln won because he had modern factories building whatever he needed. The northern economy was large and diverse providing war financing. Railroads crisscrossed the North. A large navy controlled the interior rivers and blockaded the southern ports. Cutting off the South from the outside world and starving it. When the South desperately pursued the British for recognition Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Making it impossible for Britain to ally itself with a nation fighting for the institution of slavery.
No president entered office with a heavier burden than President Lincoln. Standing on principle he made the hard decisions. Becoming the most hated sitting president of all time. He did not look for an easy solution like every other politician had up to his time. Only making the inevitable solution more costly. And more painful. He would do what had to be done. Regardless the price he would pay. Politically. Or personally. A cost so high that it made him a one term president thanks to an assassin’s bullet. He didn’t base his decisions on the polls. Or populist movements. But on principles. Drawn from the Constitution. And the Declaration of Independence. As well as the Bible. So if he were alive today who would he endorse in the current election? He would, of course, support his party. Out of party loyalty. And because it tends to stand on principle more than the Democrat Party. Which often used an activist Supreme Court to get what they couldn’t get in the legislature. Which tends to use populist movements and character assassination to advance their agenda. Such as the so-called war on women to scare women into voting Democrat because they can’t persuade them to based on a successful track record in office. Also, the Republicans are more pro-business and more pro-military. Which gives you the ability to win civil wars. And other wars. As well as protecting US security interests around the world. Maintaining peace through strength. For anything was preferable to the hell he went through during the four long years of the Civil War. And to have so much blood on his hands. The war being so horrific because of a policy of continued failed diplomacy when there was simply no common ground. He said that there was only one of two possible outcomes. All free. Or all slave. And he was right. But it took someone willing to be the most hated sitting president to have the courage to act to bring about the inevitable. So if Lincoln were alive today he would likely endorse the Republican candidates Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan. Not the party that wants to delay the inevitable by refusing to address the systemic problems of Medicare and Social Security. And a growing welfare state. Systems a declining population growth rate can no longer fund. Because aging populations bankrupt nations with expanding welfare programs. Just like an aging workforce can bankrupt a car company like GM.
Tags: 1860, 2012 election, 2012 Endorsements, abolitionist, Abraham Lincoln, American Civil War, aristocracy, Civil War, Compromise of 1850, Constitution, cotton, Declaration of Independence, feudalism, free state, Fugitive Slave Law, house divided, House of Representatives, immigrants, Kansas, Kansas-Nebraska Act, Lincoln, Missouri Compromise, nobility, North, northern, Old World nobility, paid laborers, planter elite, popular sovereignty, Republican, Republican Party, Senate, slave, slave labor, slave state, slaveholders, slavery, South, southerners, states' rights, Stephen Douglas, Supreme Court, union
Because the Romans debased their Silver Coin they Required the People to Pay their Taxes in Gold or in Kind
High government spending caused the fall of the Roman Empire. When the Roman Empire no longer expanded through military conquest it could no longer use the spoils of war to pay for the cost of empire. Which presented some fiscal problems. As the empire was never bigger. Covering most of the civilized world. Which they needed to protect with a vast army. And governed through a vast bureaucracy. Both of which cost lots of money. Lots and lots of money.
So how did they replace the spoils of war? Taxes, of course. Starting small. And growing lager. To pay for the cost of the expanding state. Government bureaucrats. City improvements. Food for the poor. Food for the army. And, of course, the mighty Roman legions. Later, as citizens avoided serving in the Roman legions, the Romans turned to hired mercenaries to guard the frontier. And the problem with sprawling empires? They have very long borders to protect. And that ain’t cheap.
To help pay for all of this the Romans turned to some bad monetary policy. In addition to taxation. Because their tax revenue just wasn’t enough. So they started debasing their silver coins. Putting more and more lead into the coins. And less and less silver. But this caused another problem. Inflation. As the currency became worth less it took more of it to buy anything. So prices rose. Making the silver coin pretty much worthless for taxes. So the Romans required that people to pay their taxes in gold. Or in kind. If you grew wheat you gave a percentage of your harvest to the state. If you made shoes you gave a percentage of all the shoes you manufactured to the state.
A King ruled over the Landed Aristocracy who Lived the Good Life as long as they were Loyal to their King and paid their Taxes
As the tax burden grew small business declined. Small farmers and manufacturers said enough was enough. They were working more for the state than for themselves. So they quit their businesses and worked for someone else. Because it was easier. But this caused another problem for the Romans. No one was making the stuff the Roman Empire needed anymore. Food and manufactured goods were becoming scarce. Which made it difficult to maintain their armies on the frontier. And to provide the massive welfare state in the cities. So the Romans addressed this problem with new laws.
If you didn’t like working your farm or your business and giving all the proceeds to the state, tough. You no longer had a choice. And neither did your children. If you made shoes you were going to continue to make shoes. And when you no longer could make shoes your children would continue in the trade. Those working on farms became attached to the land. And could never leave. Regardless of who owned the farm. If you farmed you would forever farm. As would your children born on that land. Allowing the landowners to raise their crops. And pay their taxes.
So this led to a few rich landowners. And impoverished masses working the land. Sound familiar? This would evolve into European feudalism. Medieval manors. The landed aristocracy (the few). Peasantry (the many). And, of course, kings (the one). The basis of medieval governance. Lasting thousands of years. Where a king would rise to rule over the landed aristocracy. Who he allowed to live the good life as long as they were loyal to their king. And paid their taxes. The nobility received certain privileges for this arrangement. While the peasantry considered themselves lucky if they didn’t die from hunger. And everyone lived happily ever after. If you were lucky enough to be the one. Or the few.
Representation without Taxation allows Government to Spend as Irresponsibly as They Please
Up until the 1200s a lot of France belonged to England. Or, rather, the English nobility. The barons. But King John changed all of that. For he liked to do what kings are wont to do. Conquer. And he tried to conquer a lot. Only he wasn’t very good at it. He blew a lot of the nobility’s taxes on failed adventures. And lost a large chunk of France in the process. So the taxpayers, the ones bearing the brunt of the king’s follies, reigned in King John’s powers. The barons made John place his great seal on Magna Carta at Runnymede in 1215. Which didn’t do a whole lot at the time. But it ushered in the era of representative government. And taxation only with representation.
England would become a constitutional monarchy with Parliament to limit the power of the king. To sit in Parliament you had to have skin in the game. That is, you had to be a taxpayer. For this was taxation with representation. Where those paying the taxes had a say in how the government spent those taxes. And only those who paid the taxes. To keep governments from irresponsibly spending those taxes. A new system of governance that changed the world. One that once people experienced they demanded for themselves. As the American colonists demanded. When Great Britain wanted to tax the Americans even though they had no say in how the British government spent that money. Something very un-English. And something that would become very un-American (which led to American independence).
For awhile, at least. For soon governments found a way to return to their dictatorial ways. By getting around that annoying taxation only with representation. Which governments found insulting to their privileged status. For it galled them that they had to let these taxpayers limit their powers. But what choice did they have? Governments must take money from others to establish their nobility. As it was no longer their divine right to take what they wanted. Thanks to those barons in 1215. And Magna Carta. Which opened the sluice gates to a lot of limitations on absolute power. But two can play at that game they found.
Their answer? Representation without taxation. Allow people to vote who have no skin in the game. To help the government take what they want. And to spend it as they wish. By simply giving those who don’t pay taxes government benefits. Who will always vote for those who promise to give them more government benefits. And if you get enough people on these government benefits you can overcome any limitations the taxpayers try to enforce on you. Currently in the U.S about half of the population pays no income taxes. While the top 10% of all earners pay approximately 70% of all federal income taxes. So you have approximately 50% of the population who pay no taxes voting on tax policy for the 10% who pay most of the taxes. Allowing government to spend as irresponsibly as they please. Like in pre-Magna Carta days. Thanks to representation without taxation.
Tags: barons, Britain, England, English, feudalism, France, government benefits, government spending, Great Britain, king, King John, landed aristocracy, landowners, Magna Carta, no taxation without representation, nobility, Parliament, peasantry, privileges, representation without taxation, representative government, Roman Empire, silver coin, skin in the game, spoils of war, taxation, taxation only with representation, taxes, taxpayer
Free Market Capitalism maximizes Wealth Creation with Free Markets, Free Trade and Free Labor
The whole point to a value added tax (VAT) is that we add value as we go through the stages of production. Raw materials in the earth have no value. They begin having value when we extract them. Raw iron ore gains value when we process the iron out of the rock. A Great Lakes freighter full of taconite pellets (processed from low-grade iron ore flint-like rock) is worth more than the same weight of the low-grade iron ore flint-like rock. These taconite pellets gain value when we transform them into steel in a blast furnace. That steel gains more value when we transform it into steel products (like a truck frame or a refrigerator). The finished goods we incorporate these steel products into gain even more value.
The VAT tax applies a tax on the increased value at every stage in the stages of production. It’s a way for government to collect a lot of tax revenue without using something obvious like a sales tax. Because no one but the government knows all the tax collected on all that value created. Which is a very important point. Increasing value increases tax revenue. And that’s because increasing value increases wealth. Making economically advanced countries (with a lot of economic activity throughout the stages of production) wealthy countries. Giving them an advanced industrial base. An extensive infrastructure. And a high standard of living.
Free market capitalism maximizes this wealth creation. Free markets. Free trade. And free labor. Where people can work hard to learn a skill that will give them more value. And the ability to create more wealth with their labors. Allowing them to earn a nice paycheck. That they can use in the market place to buy things. Contributing to economic activity. And the wealth creation in the country. As well as the tax base. The greater the population the greater the number of people engaging in economic activity. The greater the number of retail stores. The greater the wholesale industry. The greater the manufacturing base. And the greater amount of raw material extraction. All of this activity producing an advanced nation. That can build whatever it needs.
Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation made it Impossible for the Europeans to Support the Southern Cause
There were two Americas in the mid 1800s. An industrial North. And an agricultural South. An advanced nation in the north based on free labor. And medieval economy based on slave labor in the south. In the north they had factories, shipyards, railroads and everything else a modern industrial nation had. In the south they had cotton. In the north they had a growing population of free men. In the south they had a growing population of slaves. In 1861 the North had a population of about 22 million. The South had a population of about 5.5 million free men. And about 3.5 million slaves. So the North enjoyed explosive economic activity creating great wealth. While the South enjoyed great wealth from their cotton. For the few plantation owners. The slaves didn’t enjoy any of that wealth. While the majority of the white population struggled to scratch out a living on small family farms.
When the American Civil War broke out the South was at a distinct disadvantage. For technology wins wars. And the North was far more technologically advanced than the South. As Rhett Butler said in Gone with the Wind, “They’ve got factories, shipyards, coal mines…and a fleet to bottle up our harbors and starve us to death. All we’ve got is cotton, and slaves and…arrogance.” Which was true. But in their arrogance they thought that King Cotton would trump all of the North’s advantages. By bringing in the British on the South’s side. Because Britain bought a lot of that southern cotton. And the South was sure that Britain would support their cause to maintain that cotton flowing to their textile and garment industries. They thought wrong.
Cotton was a raw material. And other people could grow it just as well as the southern plantations. Yes, the self-imposed cotton embargo by the South on Britain hurt the British. Causing a major interruption to their textile and garment industries. But it didn’t take long to replace that Southern cotton with Egyptian and Indian cotton. And in no time the British industries were up and running again as if nothing had happened. Creating higher orders of wealth than the raw cotton resources of the South. Which was a problem for the South. For there was no way for them to break the blockade of their harbors without European help. But that help would never come. Because the only thing they had to offer, cotton, was available elsewhere. Not to mention the fact that Britain had emancipated her slaves. And was working diligently to interdict the Atlantic slave trade. So they weren’t coming to the South’s aid. And if Britain wasn’t going to help then neither were the French. And Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation was just the icing on the cake. Making it impossible for the Europeans to support the Southern cause. It then became a matter of time for the technologically advanced north to defeat the medieval South.
The South’s Old World Economy was just no Match for the New World Economy of the North
Outmanned, out manufactured and with no foreign recognition the South learned the lesson that an economy based on slave-labor was no match for an economy based on free market capitalism. For the slave-based agricultural economy was little different than the feudalism of the Middle Ages. A system long since abandoned in Europe but clung on to in the Confederate South. Concentrating the wealth in a few hands. The landed aristocracy. And a small middle class of artisans and business owners primarily to serve the planter class. While everyone else, whites and slaves, worked hard and barely survived. The blacks of course suffering more than the whites. But they both lived in poverty.
The advanced economy of the industrial North built ships, cannon, rifles, bullets, locomotives, track and everything else a modern industrial economy has. Their ships commanded the rivers and the southern coast. The South was cut off from the rest of the world. Their valuable cotton sitting worthless in warehouses because there was no one to sell it to. Not even in the South. For while the North had a textile industry the South did not. With no way to add value to this cotton this cotton lost all value. And the Southern economy collapsed. Because cotton was all they had. Well, that, and arrogance. But when that cotton became worthless the South had nothing. And little choice but to surrender. And they did. First General Lee to General Grant. Then General Johnston to General Sherman. And soon the war was over.
It took some 4 years and about 600,000 dead. Which is especially sad considering the South never had a chance. Their Old World economy was just no match for the New World economy of the North. With the thing they were fighting for, slavery, being the cause for their defeat. For slavery may have worked in a medieval agricultural-based economy. Where there were no stages of production. Just procurement of raw material. But it was no match for free men working in free market capitalism. Which is why the North prevailed in the Civil War. And why the United States went on to be an economic superpower. And leader of the free world. Thanks to President Lincoln. Who freed the slaves. And the South from its Old World past. Unleashing human capital everywhere throughout the United States. And allowing all people to engage in economic activity. Though the freed slaves would suffer discrimination for decades under the Southern Democrats. And their Jim Crow Laws (separate but equal). But the Republicans would eventually usher in civil rights legislation ending that. Just as they ended slavery. Allowing all people to live a better life under free market capitalism.
Tags: American Civil War, capitalism, Civil War, cotton, Democrats, economic activity, feudalism, free labor, free market, free trade, free-market capitalism, human capital, industrial North, Jim Crow Laws, King Cotton, medieval economy, medieval South, North, Old World, raw materials, Republicans, slave labor, slavery, slaves, South, southern plantations, stages of production, textile and garment industries, value, VAT, wealth
Vassalage bonded the Knight and the Lord together in Mutual Obligations
After the collapse of the Roman Empire land was everything. You either held land. Or took land. Both of which you did with military might. And during Medieval Europe you did that with cavalry. Heavy cavalry. In particular, the mounted knight. The king of battle. For few could stand their ground with one to two tons of armored man and horse charging at them. Where the choices were to be skewered by lance, slashed by sword, trampled by hoof or run away.
This was the age of chivalry. Of glorious combat. Where nothing was more gentlemanly than riding bravely into battle. Suited up in gleaming, and very expensive, armor. Which made the knight an expensive combat weapon. Not just anyone could do this. For you needed wealth. And the only way to get wealth was by owning land. Which few owned.
One way to become a landowner was to become a knight. If you were a gentlemanly warrior who loved to fight you could offer your services to a lord who did own land. Become his vassal. In the system of vassalage. Which bonded the two together in mutual obligations. The knight agrees to fit horses and men for very expensive mounted warfare. And the lord provides land for the knight’s use for raw material and wealth to fit his men and horses for battle.
When Knights were not at War they Built their Castles and Managed their Lands
We generally call this arrangement feudalism. Though definitions vary. But it’s the vassal relation that’s key. The knight is bound to the lord and agrees to provide military service. In exchange the lord provides land for the knight’s use and offers other protections within his powers. Feudalism is similar to Manorialism. Where a manor is basically a large farm owned by the Lord of the Manor. Peasants (i.e., serfs) attached to the land (meaning they are not free to leave) work the land. The lord provides for them. And this serfdom provides for their lord.
A lord may own more than one manor. And have his vassals run these manors. Or a lord may split up larger landholding to accommodate a new vassal. Or he could use his military might of mounted knights to conquer neighboring lands and give knights who showed exemplary valor in battle a portion of the newly conquered land. When knights were not at war they built their castles. And managed their lands.
Similar systems operated like this in different regions. A particular region may have a ‘lord’ with large landholdings and military might. To protect their land from others. Or to expand their landholdings at the expense of their neighbors. This was a time before nations. Even before kings. Power resided with the landed aristocracy. Those who owned great tracts of land. The source of food. Raw materials. And wealth. Land managed by their vassals. Who answered their call when it was time to strap on the armor and flex some military muscle.
The Many, the Few and the One
Feudalism gave way to monarchy. Which was similar to feudalism. Only the lords entered into a vassal relationship with their king. Who often rose to power to unite and lead his lords to defend against a common enemy. An enemy that was too great for one lord to fight alone. Such as the marauding Vikings that the English king Alfred the Great subdued. Or the spread of Muslim Arabs into southern Gaul (modern day France) that the Carolingian king Charles Martel repulsed.
Kings arose to consolidate power. Lords continued to own land. Passing it, and their title, on to their heirs. Setting the next stage of political governance. The relationship between the king and the aristocracy. And their relationship with the people. The many, the few and the one.
Tags: armor, cavalry, chivalry, feudalism, gentlemanly, king, knights, land, landholding, landowner, Lord, manor, military service, monarchy, mounted knights, mutual obligations, vassal, vassalage
Unlike Slaves Paid-Laborers Worked, Went Home and Fed & Housed their Own Families
Agriculture advances gave us food surpluses. Food surpluses gave us a division of labor. The division of labor gave us trade. Money made that trade more efficient. Religion and the Rule of Law allowed great gatherings of people to live and work together in urban settings. Free trade let us maximize this economic output and elevated our standard of living. And to sustain this economic growth we needed something else. Free labor.
Slavery as an economic model has serious defects. For one the labor is not free. People are restrained against their will. And only work to minimize their pain and suffering. They do not think or innovate. Their human capital is wasted. Because no one voluntarily thinks and innovates to make a better life for others. Especially if it won’t improve their own life. A slave, then, has little incentive to think or innovate. Their incentive is to follow orders. Because that was the proven way to minimize their pain and suffering.
Buying human beings is also less efficient than renting them. Not everyone in a slave family was in their working prime. The elderly couldn’t work the fields anymore. Neither could the infant children. But they all needed room and board. Unlike a paid laborer. Who you paid only for the hours they worked. You didn’t feed or house them. They worked and went home. And fed and housed their own families. This is why George Washington wanted to sell his slaves and replace them with paid laborers. To increase his profits. But he found people were only interested in buying slaves in their working prime. He could sell some. But not all of them. Which meant breaking up slave families. Something he couldn’t do. So he kept his slaves. Settled for lower profits. And kept the slave families together.
The Slave-Economy in the New World was a Step Backward toward Old World Aristocracy
Not everyone was as kind as Washington. Some people had no problem breaking up families. Or abusing their slaves. But they all had to exercise restraint. Because a maimed or a dead slave couldn’t work. A problem for slave owners because they bought their slaves. Often borrowing money for the purchase. So it was costly to replace them. As well as to train them. One skilled in picking cotton may not readily take to harvesting and drying tobacco. Whereas you could simply advertise for a hired hand who was skilled in harvesting and drying tobacco if you used free labor.
Free labor added to the economy. Because they had earnings for economic exchange. Slaves didn’t. The slave owner provided their room and board. So they were not only enslaved they were also dependent on others for everything free laborers bought with their earnings. Economic exchanges in a slave economy, then, were limited to the wealthy landowners. Making it a system much like European feudalism or Russian serfdom. Only instead of peasants or serfs there were slaves. Who were less free. And even poorer.
Thus the slave-economy in the New World was a step backward toward Old World aristocracy. (And a little beyond it.) Where there were a few rich and a lot of poor. Agricultural reform came with the help of the Black Death. When the balance of power tipped from the landed aristocracy to the much thinned out labor force. Who could then demand wages and better conditions. And then came capitalism. For those new wage-earners had money for economic exchanges. Which they made. Thus producing a prosperous middle class. Which took root in the New World. At least, in the parts of the New World that used free labor.
Our Capacity to Think is the Key to Unlocking our Human Capital, Economic Growth and the Quality of Life
The great problem of slavery (other than the moral one) is that it excluded a great part of the population from the economy. Slavery excluded millions of people from making economic exchanges. And millions who might have thought and created didn’t. Their human capital was wasted. Setting economic development back. As well as the quality of life.
In a modern capitalistic economy there must be no slavery. Or dependency. Because those enslaved or dependent do not create. Or innovate. They just exist. And do not maximize the gift of being human. Our capacity to think. Which is the key to unlocking our human capital. Economic growth. And the quality of life.
Tags: aristocracy, capitalism, economic exchange, economic growth, economic output, economy, feudalism, free labor, human capital, incentive, innovate, landed aristocracy, landowners, middle class, New World, Old World, paid laborer, quality of life, serfdom, slave, slave-owner, slavery, standard of living, think, wages
The Allies were Commanded by an American because they had the Greatest Skin in the Game
During World War II, SHAEF stood for the Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Forces. This was the top command of the Allies fighting on the Western Front during World War II. In the European Theater of Operations (ETO). The Soviet Union fought on the Eastern Front. Neither front was subordinate to the other in the command structure.
The supreme allied commander of SHAEF was General Eisenhower. An American. Why? Well the Nazis conquered France early in the war. Thanks to blitzkrieg. Which the Allies weren’t ready yet to battle. So the SHAEF commander wasn’t French. But the British were in the war from the beginning. They and their commonwealth put some 11 million into the field of battle. And suffered about a million killed and wounded. But the SHAEF commander wasn’t British either. Even though we couldn’t have defeated Nazi Germany without the British.
No, the SHAEF commander was an American because they put some 16 million into the field of battle. So excluding the Soviets, the Americans had the greatest skin in the game. Literally. And figuratively. It was the American Arsenal of Democracy that furnished the implements of war. Financed by the American taxpayer. Via bonds. Rationing. And inflation.
Those who Risk their Wealth should have a Say in How it is Risked
There were a lot of service flags hanging in American windows during World War II. And far too many of them had gold stars on them. One gold star represented the loss of a son or daughter in the war. There were about 417,000 gold stars in American windows. Not quite as many as the approximately 580,000 British dead. And a long way from the approximately 8,600,000 Soviet dead. But as America entered the war, the sheer numbers of man and material America provided made it America’s war. Which is why there was an American commanding SHAEF. Because even though Nazi Germany didn’t attack America, it was her blood and treasure leading the war against Nazi Germany.
So an American general would lead the Allies. Because the Americans had the most skin in the game. They were now bearing the greatest costs for the war. So they had the ultimate say in how the Allies waged war. I mean, no one would expect a Belgian general to command those 16 million Americans. No offense to the Belgians. I mean, I like their waffles and all. It’s just that Belgium wasn’t America. They didn’t have the resources. Nor the distance from the Third Reich.
Risk and wealth. Those who risk their wealth should have a say in how it is risked. Because it takes wealth (blood and treasure) to wage war. And this goes back to the birth of limited government. The Magna Carta. When the feudal barons of England met King John on the fields of Runnymede. And said, “Look, yeah you’re king and all but that doesn’t give you the right to do as you bloody well please.” I’m paraphrasing, of course. You see, the king was being rather oppressive. And fighting a lot of wars. Costly wars. And the funny thing about kings? They don’t have wealth. They get it from the landowners. The landed aristocracy. Those feudal barons. The men and material to fight wars, and the money to pay for them, came from them. So these barons were saying, “In the future, you clear things with us first, okay?” And constitutional monarchy was born.
Thanks to the Magna Carta those Paying the Taxes would have a Say in How the King Spent those Taxes
In the days of feudalism we defined wealth by land holdings. Because back then the most important industry was growing food. To prevent famine. And you needed land to grow food. So wealth concentrated to the land owners. The landed aristocracy. Who provided the food for the realm. Soldiers. And taxes.
Thanks to the Magna Carta, things changed. Those paying the taxes would have a say in how the king spent those taxes. He couldn’t wage endless war anymore. Or spend it all on royal accouterments. No. From then on, spending would have to be responsible. We take it for granted in the West today. And call it taxation with representation. But it was a BIG deal back then. And mostly only in England. France had an absolute monarchy. And the king did whatever he bloody well pleased. And you see how well that turned out for King Louis XVI. Ask Marie Antoinette. Of course you can’t. Because they were both executed by the people during the French Revolution.
The British took their representative government to the New World. And after the American Revolution, that was one of the British things the Americans kept. At the heart of the American populace was a hatred of taxation. And arbitrary rule. So they kept a tight grip on the government. And their wealth. There were no kings in the new United States of America. But there was still government. And a strong distrust of government power. So they were going to write their constitutions very carefully. And restrict the vote only to those who had skin in the game. Land owners. Who were paying the taxes.
Figuring out how to Amass Power despite the Inconvenience of Elections
Of course this changed over time. Nowadays, people who pay no taxes whatsoever can vote. We’ve come a long way from Runnymede. And returned a lot of power to government. In America, about half of all people pay no federal income tax. Yet they can vote. And they do. For the party that promises them more free stuff. By taxing ‘the rich’ to pay for it. And you know what these non-taxpayers say? “Raise tax rates? Absolutely. I mean, what do I care? It’s not like I’m paying them.” I’m paraphrasing, of course. But you can see the problem.
They have no skin in the game. And the only reason they don’t is because ‘the rich’ have been keeping them down. At least that’s what they believe. Because those in power told them this. So they can keep raising taxes. And keep increasing the power of government.
It’s nothing new. There are those who just want power. Kings often took power by force. When it was clear that the rich barons were more important to the king than the king was to them, though, things changed. There were limits on absolute power. So those who coveted power had to be creative. And figure out how to amass power despite the inconvenience of elections.
Politics Today: Buy Votes with State Benefits and scare the Bejesus out of Old People
The answer was the welfare state. And class warfare. Buy votes. And demonize ‘the rich’. Get the people dependent on government. And anytime there is political opposition, tell the people that the opposition wants to cut your state benefits. To scare the people into voting for you.
We call Social Security and Medicare third-rail issues in America. Because if you threaten to cut them (i.e., touch them), you will die politically. As you would die if you touched the electrified third rail in the subway. Because the recipients of those programs live in fear of losing their benefits. And will always vote for the candidate who promises not to cut them.
And this is how you amass power when saddled with the inconvenience of elections. Buy votes with state benefits. And scare the bejesus out of old people. Telling them the political opposition wants to take your benefits away. Attack the rich. And tax them. To pay for the ever bloating welfare state.
And if at least half of the people pay no taxes, you’re golden. Because when that many people have no skin in the game, you can get away with just about anything you want.
Tags: Allies, American, aristocracy, barons, benefits, Big Government, blood and treasure, British, buy votes, class warfare, Constitution, constitutional monarchy, demonize the rich, don't pay taxes, elections, England, feudal barons, feudalism, higher tax rates, inconvenience of elections, king, King John, landed aristocracy, landowners, limited government, Magna Carta, Nazi Germany, representative government, risk, Runnymede, SHAEF, skin in the game, state benefits, tax rates, taxation, taxes, taxpayer, vote, wealth, welfare state, World War II
The Natural Order and a good Last Name
There are two types of people in America. Those who work. And elitists who want others to work for them. It’s been this way since the dawn of civilization. One group asserted their power over the masses. The masses then worked. The ruling elite didn’t. They just gave the work orders. The masses dutifully followed their orders and grew the food. The ruling elite took in the bounty and ate until they were full. And then some. While famine thinned out the masses. It was the natural order once upon a time. And those who held dominion over the land liked it.
Land, then, was key. The aristocracy owned the land. Hence we called them the landed aristocracy. They owned the land, the food and the wealth. And the people. In European and Russian feudalism there were serfs. In the antebellum American South there were slaves. The landed aristocracy may buy and sell land and move. But the serfs/slaves stayed on the land. Forever. As their parents did. As their children would. It was the natural order.
Your name was very important in the landed aristocracy. For land was hereditary. As was wealth. As was political power. And it stayed this way for a long time. While everyone who worked farmed. But over time, something happened. People got smarter. They were able to grow food surpluses. And they took these surpluses to markets. Which became cities. Where we saw the rise of artisans. Skilled people who made tools and crafts that further improved our lives. Allowed people to leave the farms. And create a middle class. Greatest thing that ever happened for the masses. It allowed a way out from the back-breaking toil of working the land. Even if you didn’t have a ‘good’ last name.
Representative Government changes the Natural Order
Of course, not everyone was keen about this. Because it disrupted the natural order of things. And threatened the old power structures. Some adjusted. Some shared the power. Like in England. Where there was a representative government. There was a bicameral house. The Parliament. Representing all people. The rich in the House of Lords. And the common people in the House of Commons. And, of course, the king. Who represented the king. And the state. Now, kings like to wage war. Conquer. And add to empire. But it takes soldiers and sailors to fight. And money to pay for armies and navies. Which the king didn’t have. The rich people had the money. The landed aristocracy. The Lords. So the king just couldn’t wage war unless Parliament consented. Pretty nice thing this check on power. This representative government. It made for happy subjects.
It wasn’t like this in France. While the English were checking the king’s power, the French monarchy was absolute. It could do whatever it wanted. And did. Spent a lot of money. Ran up great debts. Fought a lot of wars. Including the Seven Years’ War that lost much of French North America to Great Britain. And helped the Americans in their War of Independence. Helping them to gain their independence from the British monarchy. Which proved to be a deadly game for the French monarchy. For the French people grew fond of representative government themselves. And they thought if the Americans can overthrow king-rule maybe they could, too. So they gave it a try. The French Revolution was a bit bloodier than the American Revolution, but it got the job done. France, too, had a representative government. Until Napoleon declared himself emperor, of course. And then he did a lot of kingly things. Waged war. Conquered. Built empire. And added to the debt.
Great Britain gave up on minority rule. France tried to hang on to it, lost it then Napoleon got it back. The reason minority rule failed in these countries is because a minority ruling power needs money. And it was easier to get money in an agrarian economy. When all the wealth was concentrated in the few who owned the land. The rise of a middle class changed all of that. Artisans and merchants made a lot of money. Some even without ‘good’ last names. The people who didn’t have to kiss any royal ass to get or maintain their wealth. It was a whole new game out there. Minority rulers needed to find another way to amass money and power. And they found it. In the ‘lie’.
Lies from Marxism to Socialism
A ruling power lying wasn’t anything new. But some of the lies were. Marxism, for example, was a new brilliant lie. It made those the ruling elite wanted to oppress ask to be oppressed. In the name of egalitarianism. Rise up you miserable oppressed factory workers. Attack the industrial bourgeoisie (i.e., the middle class). You have nothing to lose but your chains. Karl Marx may have believed the claptrap he wrote. But those who used it could care less about the underlying philosophy. They just liked the power it gave them. So those who aspired to rise to power and rule over the majority led worker revolutions. And after they won, the workers went back to suffering just as they had before. Only they had less. Because the communist commissars knew jack squat about the means of production. But that was okay. For it just helped to enslave the masses more. Well, that. And the brutal police state that discouraged any inappropriate behavior. Or thought.
It was a good run for the communist powers that be. While the masses suffered they lived a very comfortable life. Just like the landed aristocracy of old. Unfortunately for them, their ruling policies sent their economies into nosedives. And they suffered recurring famines. Marxism was a failure. The ruling elite knew it. And most of the people knew it, too. Often, those who could escape from their communist utopias did. Because they were anything but utopian. So those aspiring to ascend to the ruling elite needed a new lie. And they found it in communism-light. Socialism. Which appealed to the people they wanted to oppress for the same reasons Marxism did. It would stick it to the rich in an egalitarian utopia.
But there was little difference between Marxism and socialism. Both systems tried to manage the economy. And both did a horrible job. Why? Because state planning is not about improving the lives of those they rule over. It’s about maintaining power. An economy left alone will always outperform a managed economy. Everyone knows this. But if they leave the economy alone, how can the ruling elite amass power and wealth? It can’t. Ergo, the lie continues. Not to improve the lives of the masses. But to improve the lives of the ruling elite. The minority power. Who only ascends to power by a good lie.
Wealth Redistribution Killed the Golden Goose
The free market does have one inefficiency. It does not enrich those who do not partake in it. The ruling elite aspire to be in a minority rule for a couple of reasons. First of all, when you’re stealing from and oppressing the people, the fewer people in the ruling elite the wealthier each member gets. Which is what they want. Wealth. And being in the ruling elite gives them access to wealth. Because they are so completely untalented that they could never make any wealth in the free market. So they use the lie to acquire their wealth. To live the good life. Like the landed aristocracy of old.
So they become the champion of the working man and woman. And promise to deliver that egalitarian society via wealth redistribution. They promise to tax the rich. And give to those who will vote for them. It has proven to be a very effective system. And in its heyday they were reaping in the money. Even found a way to funnel tax money directly to them via public sector union dues. But they just got too greedy. Pulled too many people into the new aristocracy. And too many people out of the work force who paid the taxes that paid for their comfortable lives of plenty.
The taxes and policies of the ruling elite have grown so anti-business that it’s reduced economic activity. And tax generation. So not only have they bloated the public sector with nonworking people and reduced the taxpaying workforce, they killed the golden goose as well. And no lie may change the mess they created. They may have no choice but to unfetter the free market. And get real jobs.
Tags: America, American Revolution, Anti-business, anti-business politicians, aristocracy, bourgeoisie, Communism, economy, Egalitarianism, elitist, England, famine, feudalism, France, free market, Great Britain, House of Commons, House of Lords, Karl Marx, landed aristocracy, manage the economy, managed economy, market, market is inefficient, Marxism, middle class, Minority rule, monarchy, natural order, Parliament, politicians, representative government, ruling elite, serfs, slaves, socialism, tax the rich, War of Independence, wealth redistribution, worker revolutions
Slaves were Costly and Inefficient
George Washington made a profit on his plantation. Better than some of his fellow Founding Fathers. Thomas Jefferson couldn’t make a profit and was forever in debt. But Washington could. And did. And would have been more profitable had he split up his slave families. You see, he wanted to sell his slaves and use paid-laborers instead. Why? Because paid-labor was more profitable than slave-labor? “What?!?” you ask. Yes, that’s right. Paid-labor was more profitable than slave-labor. For a couple of reasons.
First of all, slaves weren’t free. People bought them at auction. And anyone familiar with an auction knows that people sell to the highest bidder. So there was an initial ‘investment’ in a slave that you didn’t have with a paid-laborer. Think of this as the difference of buying or renting a house. If you buy you pay a lot of money to own the house. And you are responsible for all of the maintenance and upkeep on the house. It’s different with renting. You pay just a little bit each month for as long as you stay in the house. It’s similar with paid-labor. You rent people for the time they work. Then they go home and feed and house themselves. Slaves didn’t go home. Because they were home. And planters had to feed and house them. And attend to their other needs. These costs added up. Especially if you had a lot of slaves out of their working prime (old men and young children) that you still had to feed and house. And these are what Washington had a lot of. Many generations of non-working slaves that he had to feed and house. Which is why he wanted to sell them. But people only wanted the workers. Not the rest of the family. But he refused to break up the slaves families. So he kept them. Even though it was a poor business decision.
Now Washington was no abolitionist, but he saw the conflict between the institution of slavery and the American ideal. But his motives were financial at first. His large crop of tobacco was not a money-maker. So he wanted to diversify his crops. And his risks. Which meant different labor skills for different crops. And this favored paid-labor. Because you can always hire skilled laborers to grow these different crops. Which was the great disadvantage of slave-labor. Their advantage was in the large, single-crop plantation where a diverse skill-set was not required. Trained in one skill, they kept repeating that single skill on a grand scale. It was the best you could hope for from slave-labor. Where people did the minimum to avoid punishment. For that was their only incentive. Paid-laborers, on the other hand, you can fire them. Or reward them for bumper crops. So they have an incentive to hone their skills and become the best at what they do.
King Cotton Abdicates
But Washington couldn’t break up the slave families. And there was no way to give them the many years of farming skills overnight in these new skill areas and turn them into proper paid-laborers. Who could take care of themselves and their families while integrating them into free society. Unless he gave up his day job. So he continued to use slave-labor. However, his will freed his slaves after his wife passed away. He and his wife were the last generation to live the old way of life. His successors were to live the new way of life. His will further instructed to teach the newly freed slaves trade skills and help them integrate into free society.
Many critics of the United States like to point to the institution of slavery and say that is why we became a great nation. That we grew rich on slave-labor. That we reaped huge profits because slaves were free. Nothing could be further from the truth. First of all, as noted above, slave-labor was not free labor. It was costly. And inefficient. It was such a bad business model that it had almost died of its own accord. As many of the Founding Fathers had earnestly wished. But something happened. Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. Now machines could separate the seeds from the cotton faster than they could pick it. All of a sudden the large, single-crop, cotton plantations in the south needed to plant, grow and pick more cotton than ever before. To feed these new, hungry machines. Cotton was the new high-demand fabric. The textile markets in Great Britain couldn’t buy enough of it. And the Southern economy flourished like it had never did before. Southern planters grew rich. As did the Southern economy. King Cotton they called it. Because cotton was king.
And that is why the South lost the Civil War. For if cotton was king that meant the South was a monarchy. And for all intents and purposes, it was. Most Southerners didn’t own slaves. Most were poor. Working on family farms. The institution of slavery didn’t tarnish them. No. The rich planters owned the vast majority of the slaves. The planter elite. The planter aristocracy. And it was an aristocracy in every sense of the word. Just watch the classic Gone with the Wind and tell me what that world reminds you more of. America? Or European feudalism? That wasn’t America. America was the poor southerner working the family farm. And the poor northerner working the family farm. It was not inherited wealth passed from generation to generation. Wealth created by labor bonded in servitude attached to the land (serfs in Europe, slaves in America). No, this was not America. It was a charmed life for the privileged few. But only the privileged few. Because it mattered what your last name was.
Laissez-Faire Capitalism wins the Civil War
The North won the Civil War because it was more laissez-faire capitalism. The South had the better generals at the beginning of the war. And the Southern soldier was a formidable foe in combat. But factories in the North fed Northern shipyards. Which built a navy that blockaded southern ports. Making all that cotton worthless. Great Britain would then turn to India for her cotton needs. So much for King Cotton.
The Southern economy was a cotton economy without a market. They had factories and shipyards, too, buy not like the industrialized North. The South never had a chance. Unless she could strike a winning blow early. Because they could not win a war of attrition. Which is what the Civil War became. Especially after the Confederate ‘high water’ mark. Gettysburg. The Confederacy shrank as the Union Army advanced. Fed by a growing network of railroads. This relentless advance of man and material made possible by the prudent investment of capital by savvy investors. The genius of entrepreneurs. And the drive of industrialists.
This miracle of capitalism would tip the scales again in World War I. And in World War II. The Arsenal of Democracy. Laissez-faire capitalism. Paid-laborers. Incentive. And profit. The best things in life. They gave us the comforts we now take for granted. And they took us from a new nation to a superpower in little over one hundred years.
Pliant, Subservient Students grow up to become good Democratic Voters
So that’s history. But people today still think slavery made us great. They attack capitalism. Incentive. Profits. And just about everything else that built and made this country great. Why? Because they learned somewhere that slavery made us great. That capitalism is bad and unfair. That incentive and profits exploit the working class. Where? In our public schools. And our public universities. Kids in our public institutions learn these things. Not the things that made us great. Because these schools indoctrinate. They don’t educate. Why? For the same reason the planter aristocracy fought in the Civil War. To protect a privileged class.
Today, the liberal Democrats are the descendants of the planter aristocracy. Not literally. But figuratively. Liberal Democrats are not capitalists. Or industrialists. They don’t like incentive or profit. They prefer patronage. They like rewarding their friends. And punishing their enemies. And to have this power they need to have the people vote for them. So they come across as the champion of the poor and friend of the working man. Or any other minority or class of people whose vote they need to buy. But they’re anything but. For an example just look at one of their favorite cause célèbre. The black family. These white liberals want to ease other whites’ guilt over slavery by doing as much as they can for the black family. To make up for all those years of injustice. And they dropped a neutron bomb. Aid to Families with Dependent Children. AFDC. A real feel-good thing to do. But it led to an explosion of single-mother families in the black community. Because of the incentives of the program. It encouraged women to have more children. Stay unmarried. And not work. For a young woman with no working skill this was a godsend. The state would replace the father and provide for her and her children. But as it turned out, the state was a very poor father figure. Children need fathers. We all know this. That’s why there are big brother programs. To provide a father figure for these fatherless children. For they will stray without this strong role model in the family. And have. Economist Thomas Sowell blames AFDC for greatly destroying the black family.
But the liberal Democrats don’t look at the destruction they cause. They look at the political power they’ve gained. Much like the planter elite. So they need to tweak history a bit. To mask their failures. And accentuate the good they meant to do. But never did. And what better way to do that than in our public schools? So they take care of our teachers. Pull them into their aristocratic class. Help them get favorable contracts without allowing the taxpayers a say. Feed them big salaries. Some of which is returned to them via their union dues. Quid pro quo. They live the good life. The politicians get ‘campaign’ contributions. And pliant, subservient students grow up to become good Democratic voters.
And thus the lie is sustained. Those who destroy are portrayed as nurturers. And those who nurture are portrayed as destroyers. A political sleight of hand. That pays dividends in the voting booth.
Tags: AFDC, America, aristocracy, capital, capitalism, Civil War, cotton, cotton gin, cotton plantation, Democrats, Eli Whitney, entrepreneur, European feudalism, Families with Dependent Children, feudalism, Founding Fathers, free labor, free society, freed slaves, George Washington, incentive, industrialist, institution of slavery, King Cotton, laissez faire capitalism, Liberal Democrats, paid-labor, patronage, plantation, planter aristocracy, planter elite, planters, privileged class, profit, public education, rich planters, single-crop plantation, slave, slave labor, slavery, southern economy, Southern planters, teachers, the North, the South, United States, Washington
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