The BLS Employment Situation Summary for January 2014

Posted by PITHOCRATES - February 17th, 2014

Economics 101

The Unemployment Rate is 13.6% when you count all Unemployed Workers

The economy is getting better and better.  There are more new jobs.  And the unemployment rate continues to fall.  According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).  But this is little succor for the 10,948,000 who have lost their job since President Obama began trying to make the economy better.  No matter what the BLS says (see the Employment Situation Summary posted 2/7/2014 on the Bureau of Labor Statistics).

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 113,000 in January, and the unemployment rate was little changed at 6.6 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.  Employment grew in construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, and mining…

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (6.2 percent), adult women (5.9 percent), teenagers (20.7 percent), whites (5.7 percent), blacks (12.1 percent),and Hispanics (8.4 percent) showed little change in January. The jobless rate for Asians was 4.8 percent (not seasonally adjusted), down by 1.7 percentage points over the year. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.).

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more), at 3.6 million, declined by 232,000 in January. These individuals accounted for 35.8 percent of the unemployed. The number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1.1 million over the year.  (See table A-12.)

Once again there are more new jobs and the unemployment rate fell.  Further proof the Obama administration says that their policies are working.  But the low unemployment rate is misleading.  As there are 91,455,000 people who are no longer in the labor force (see Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age).  An increase of 10,948,000 since President Obama entered office.  The BLS doesn’t count these unemployed people as unemployed in their calculation of the official unemployment rate.  If you did that would raise the unemployment rate to 13.6%.  Which is a lot higher than the official 6.6%.  And better reflects public sentiment on the economy.

Ironically, the people hurt most by the Obama economic policies—teenagers, blacks and Hispanics—are also the biggest supporters of the president.  Which tells us they obviously support him for reasons other than the economy.  And apparently put those reasons above having a job.  At least based their respective unemployment rates.

If we count all Unemployed and Underemployed the Current Economic Recovery would take more than 20 Years

Of the people they actually count as unemployed about a third of them have been unemployed for 27 weeks or more.  So a large percentage of the unemployed are not suffering from frictional unemployment.  That brief period of unemployment between jobs.  No.  These people have lost their jobs.  And can’t find new ones.  While others can find only part-time jobs.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) fell by 514,000 to 7.3 million in January. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find full-time work. (See table A-8.)

In January, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

If you add the people up who want a full-time job but can’t get one that’s 9,900,000 who can’t find a full-time job.  If we only add 113,000 jobs a month it will take over 87 months to get these people the full-time jobs they want.  Or more than 7 years.  If we count the last 5 years of the Obama presidency it will take the economic recovery out to 12 years.  If we add the people who have left the labor force to the underemployed (the part-time workers looking for a full-time job) that would extend the economic recovery to 244 months.  Or more than 20 years.  Which is longer than the length of the economic recovery following the Great Depression.

The Obama administration still blames George W. Bush for causing the Great Recession.  But one thing they do say over and over is that it was the worst economic disaster since the Great Depression.  So they are saying that the Great Depression was worse than the Great Recession.  Yet the current economic recovery is on track to last longer than the economic recovery following the Great Depression.

President Obama’s Economic Recovery is on Course to be the Worst Economic Recovery in U.S. History

The Great Depression and the Great Recession share something in common.  In both the government used Keynesian economics to try and pull the nation out of the economic crisis.  With huge government stimulus spending.  You can see evidence of the FDR spending today.  Such as the Hoover Dam.  But you can see little evidence from President Obama’s stimulus spending.  For there are no Hoover Dams anywhere.  Just a lot of empty buildings that housed failed green energy industries.  With no new jobs to show for it.  Such as those good-paying jobs in the green energy industry that President Obama promised his stimulus spending would produce.  But, alas, it did not.  In fact, that’s just one thing this administration is not good at.  Creating jobs.  Even the jobs they created appear suspect.

Employment in manufacturing increased in January (+21,000). Over the month, job gains occurred in machinery (+7,000), wood products (+5,000), and motor vehicles and parts (+5,000). Manufacturing added an average of 7,000 jobs per month in 2013.

In January, wholesale trade added 14,000 jobs, with most of the increase occurring in nondurable goods (+10,000).

Mining added 7,000 jobs in January, compared with an average monthly gain of 2,000 jobs in 2013…

Employment in other major industries, including transportation and warehousing, information, and financial activities, showed little or no change over the month.

These numbers don’t make sense.  Much like Keynesian economics.  The economy created jobs in manufacturing (machinery, wood products, motor vehicles and parts).  Wholesale trade added jobs.  Mining added jobs.  But this new economic activity required no new financing.  Which is odd.  For it takes money to make money.  Also, there were no new jobs in transportation and warehousing.  Which begs the question.  What did they do with all the stuff they made from all those new manufacturing jobs?  Did it ever leave these factories?  Or is there another explanation?  Did the people who entered the labor force just replace people who left it?  For no net change?  Perhaps.

The manufacturing workweek declined by 0.2 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.4 hours.

Or perhaps this explains how they could add jobs in an industry that required no additional financing, transportation or warehousing.  Hiring new workers while shortening the workweek and cutting back on overtime.  Or a combination of this and people leaving the labor force to net out any economic gain from these new jobs.  Whatever the explanation is one thing is certain.  The economy is not improving.  And President Obama’s economic recovery is on track to be the worst economic recovery in U.S. history.  Despite the glowing jobs reports showing new job creation month after month.  And a continuing falling unemployment.  Things they can only show by not counting the 10 million or so who are no longer employed.


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President Obama: Worse President than George W. Bush? Or Worst President Ever?

Posted by PITHOCRATES - July 8th, 2011

Obama Rolling up his Sleeves and Wagging his Finger

President Obama has taken out his wagging finger.  And he has wagged it.  Scolding Republicans to grow up and be like his daughters.  It is interesting he referred his daughters for an example of responsible behavior.  And not himself.  Because his track record on acting responsibly hasn’t been all that good as Charles Krauthammer points out and lists some of his failings (see The Elmendorf Rule by Charles Krauthammer posted 7/8/2011 on The Washington Post).

• Ignored the debt problem for two years by kicking the can to a commission.

• Promptly ignored the commission’s December 2010 report.

• Delivered a State of the Union address in January that didn’t even mention the word “debt” until 35 minutes in.

• Delivered in February a budget so embarrassing — it actually increased the deficit — that the Democratic-controlled Senate rejected it 97 to 0.

• Took a budget mulligan with his April 13 debt-plan speech. Asked in Congress how this new “budget framework” would affect the actual federal budget, Congressional Budget Office Director Doug Elmendorf replied with a devastating “We don’t estimate speeches.” You can’t assign numbers to air.

Not even a modicum of responsibility there.  So he’s rather like the pot calling the kettle black.  He should perhaps have said “do as I say and not as I do even though I do not do as I say you should do but that’s okay because I’m smarter than you so there.  When will all of you finally get this?”

But the Republicans, insolent as they are, refuse to budge.  So Obama had to bring out the wagging finger to discipline these insolent children.  Advising them to be more like his own children.  Who do their homework in a timely manner.

My compliments. But the Republican House did do its homework. It’s called a budget. It passed the House on April 15. The Democratic Senate has produced no budget. Not just this year, but for two years running. As for the schoolmaster in chief, he produced two 2012 budget facsimiles: The first (February) was a farce and the second (April) was empty, dismissed by the CBO as nothing but words untethered to real numbers.

Obama has run disastrous annual deficits of around $1.5 trillion while insisting for months on a “clean” debt-ceiling increase, i.e., with no budget cuts at all. Yet suddenly he now rises to champion major long-term debt reduction, scorning any suggestions of a short-term debt-limit deal as can-kicking.

That’s right, neither the Democrats nor Obama has done any responsible fiscal legislating/governing for the past two years.  Looks like the responsible shoe is on the other foot.  And those deficits?  They’re records.  Over 5 times larger than those world-ending Reagan deficits.  Yet he has the audacity to wag that finger at the Republicans for not being responsible?  Perhaps he should be wagging that finger at himself. 

And what have been Obama’s own debt-reduction ideas? In last week’s news conference, he railed against the tax break for corporate jet owners — six times.

I did the math. If you collect that tax for the next 5,000 years — that is not a typo — it would equal the new debt Obama racked up last year alone. To put it another way, if we had levied this tax at the time of John the Baptist and collected it every year since — first in shekels, then in dollars — we would have 500 years to go before we could offset half of the debt added by Obama last year alone.

Obama’s other favorite debt-reduction refrain is canceling an oil-company tax break. Well, if you collect that oil tax and the corporate jet tax for the next 50 years — you will not yet have offset Obama’s deficit spending for February 2011.

It is clear the president is in reelection mode.  Because he’s stoking the fires of class warfare.  Rich people fly jets.  And own oil companies.  Rich people are getting sweetheart tax deals.  Saving them billions.  And he wants to put a stop to this unfairness.  And make it fair.  It won’t help to erase the deficit at all.  But it gives you something to campaign on.  Which he needs.  Because his policies have been an economic train wreck. 

The June Jobs Report is worse than May’s

How bad have those policies been?  The June jobs report is in.  And it’s worse than May’s (see June Jobs Report Lands With A Thud: Up Just 18,000 by Steve Schaefer posted 7/8/2011 on Forbes).

In a stark reminder that the U.S. economy has been mired in slow growth, the Labor Department reported Friday that nonfarm payrolls added just 18,000 jobs in June and unemployment came in at 9.2%…

The stunning lack of improvement in June’s report – April’s payrolls figure was revised to 217,000 from 232,000 and May’s cut by more than half to 25,000 from 54,000 – rocked Wall Street Friday morning, as index futures sharply reversed after indicating small opening gains earlier. The Dow Jones industrial average, S&P 500 and Nasdaq were all signaling a red start to the trading session after solid gains Thursday.

And as bad as the May report was, the current report revises the May numbers down.  Fewer jobs were added than originally reported.  April’s, too.  It’s a trend.  Both a downward trend in job creation.  And the revising of previous reports.  Which means the anemic 18,000 jobs reported in June will likely be revised down in the July report.  There’s no good economic news out there.  The stimulus spending failed in a big way.  Which is why Obama is resorting to class warfare.  Because economically he has been an utter and absolute failure.

The June Jobs Report is even worse than it Says

And as bad as the June report was, it’s worse (see Without Dropouts, Jobless Rate Would Be Over 11% by Phil Izzo posted 7/8/2011 on The Wall Street Journal).

The share of the population in the jobs market, called the labor-force participation rate, fell to 64.1% last month — the lowest level since 1984 when women were still just beginning to enter in full force… The participation rate was 66% at the start of the recession and 65.7% when the recovery started in June 2009. If the participation rate were still at that level, the unemployment rate would be more than 11% right now…

There’s also a problem of underemployment. A comprehensive gauge of labor underutilization, known as the “U-6″ for its data classification by the Labor Department, accounts for people who have stopped looking for work or who can’t find full-time jobs. That number shot up in June to 16.2% from 15.8% a month earlier.

If we count the people who have given up looking for a job the actual unemployment rate would be as a high as 11%.  If you add in all those only working part-time because they can’t find a full-time job the unemployment rate jumps up to 16.2%.  These are horrible numbers.  How horrible?  These are more Great Depression numbers than George W. Bush numbers.

The Green Energy Bubble

America became the world’s largest economy thanks to the innovation of the private sector.  Great entrepreneurs like Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller and Henry Ford took risks.  The government didn’t have to tell them how to make steel better, more plentiful and cheaper.  Or how to make gasoline better, more plentiful and cheaper.  Or how to make automobiles better, more plentiful and cheaper.  That’s capitalism in the free market.  The private sector takes risks in pursuit of profits.  And when it does it makes things better, more plentiful and cheaper.  When people like Carnegie, Rockefeller and Ford are left alone to do what they know how to do best.  Create wealth.  And jobs.

Obama, on the other hand, believes he knows best.  That he’s smarter than these entrepreneurs.  And that he can direct the private sector to do his bidding.  Which, of course, in his Ivy League world, should result with economic activity.  And jobs.  Even if you’re telling people to build stuff the market doesn’t want (see The Coming Clean Tech Crash by Devon Swezey posted 7/7/2011 on Forbes).

The global clean energy industry is set for a major crash. The reason is simple. Clean energy is still much more expensive and less reliable than coal or gas, and in an era of heightened budget austerity the subsidies required to make clean energy artificially cheaper are becoming unsustainable.

Clean tech crashes are nothing new. The U.S. wind energy industry has collapsed three times before, first in the mid 1990s and most recently in 2002 and 2004 when Congress failed to extend the tax credit that made it profitable. But the impact and magnitude of the coming clean tech crash will far outstrip those of past years.

After one of the worst housing bubbles in U.S. history we now have a green energy bubble.  That’s about to pop.  And you know what happens when a bubble pops?  You get a recession.  To correct for all that malinvestment (to borrow a little Austrian School vernacular).  Which is pretty bad considering we’re still trying to recover from the first bubble.  And may very well still be in a recession despite all the massaging of economic data to say otherwise.  So if we’re still in a recession perhaps the pop of this bubble will push us into depression.  If we’re not in one already.  Based on those god-awful employment numbers.

As part of its effort to combat the economic recession, the federal government pumped nearly $80 billion in direct investment and tax credits into the clean energy sector, catalyzing an unprecedented industry expansion. Solar energy, for example, grew 67% in the United States in 2010. The U.S. wind energy industry also experienced unprecedented growth as a result of the generous Section 1603 clean energy stimulus program. The industry grew by 40% and added 10 GW of new turbines in 2009. Yet many of the federal subsidies that have driven such rapid growth are set to expire in the next few years, and clean energy remains unable to compete without them.

The crash won’t be limited to the United States. In many European countries, clean energy subsidies have become budget casualties as governments attempt to curb mounting deficits. Spain, Germany, France, Italy and the Czech Republic have all announced cuts to clean energy subsidies.

Can’t compete without them?  So what was the point in giving them all of those subsidies in the first place?  Were we forever going to pay for a more costly energy while less costly energy (i.e., fossil fuel) was available?  Apparently so.   Being that the life-blood of an economy is energy that would have just raised the cost of all businesses.  And the price of all consumer goods.  Less disposable income means less demand.  Less demand means fewer jobs.  Not a good plan, really.  Unless your goal is to put the country into a depression.

And the problem is global.  So the coming economic crisis will be global.  As if the European Union didn’t have enough financial crises on their hands already.  This could even hurt those emerging markets of China, India and Brazil.  Who depend on these export markets.  As we depend on them.  To buy our debt.

The U.S. has tried this clean energy before.  And all of these attempts ended in failure.  For the reasons already noted.  But if we’ve tried this so many times before, why haven’t we figured out how to do it right?  To find that innovation that makes it cost-competitive with fossil fuels?

Why is the United States still locked in this self-perpetuating boom-bust cycle in clean energy? The problem, according to a new essay by energy experts David Victor and Kassia Yanosek in this week’s Foreign Affairs, is that our system of clean energy subsidization is jury-rigged to support the deployment of only the least-risky and most mature clean energy technologies, while lacking clear incentives for continual innovation that could make clean energy competitive on cost with conventional energy sources. Rather, we should “invest in more innovative technologies that stand a better chance of competing with conventional energy sources over the long haul.” According to Victor and Yanosek, nearly seven-eighths of global clean energy investment goes toward deploying existing technologies that aren’t competitive without subsidy, while only a small share goes to encouraging innovation in existing technologies or developing new ones.

Oh, that’s why.  Because the government is in the business of picking winners and losers when it comes to the lottery of free government money.  Which is par for the course.  For government spending is about political cronyism.  That money is spent based on political forces.  Not market forces.  Which is a shame.  Because spending that money isn’t necessary.  Because there is an incentive to create cost-competitive green energy.  Unfortunately, that incentive is being distorted by the government subsidies.

It is clear that the current budgetary environment in the United States presents challenges to the viability of the fast-growing clean energy industry. But it also presents an opportunity. By repurposing existing clean energy policies and investing in clean energy innovation, the United States can be the first country to make clean energy cheap and reliable, a distinction that is sure to bring major economic benefits in a multi-trillion dollar energy market.

Get rid of all that malinvestment and that multi-trillion dollar energy market will provide the necessary incentive for the private sector to solve the green energy problem. Making it cost competitive with fossil fuels.  For whoever cracks that nut will be the next Carnegie.  The next Rockefeller.  The next Ford. 

You want to create a green energy market?  Okay, I’ll tell you how to do it.  Step one, get government the hell out of the way.  Step two, eliminate the capital gains tax.  That will motivate people to spend money on solving the problem because if they’re successful they’ll be richer than the Kennedys.  Step three, enjoy your green energy.

Barack Obama and his Keynesian Economics have Failed

President Obama has no chance of reelection if he has to run on his economic record.  Because his economic record may prove to be the worst of all time.  And he knows it.  Hence the finger wagging.  And the class warfare.  He has spent more than any other president.  And not just a little more.  A lot more.  Before him the worst post-war federal deficits were around $200-400 billion.  Since Obama they’re around $1.5 trillion.  And yet he scolds Republicans for being irresponsible because they refuse to raise the debt limit without getting real spending cuts.  As if the Republicans spent all of that money.  Not him.  Or his Democrats.  If he was so worried about defaulting on American debt obligations he shouldn’t have spent money his administration didn’t have.  But he did.  And now he’s wagging his finger at Republicans.

And what did we get for all that spending?  Further proof that he and his administration are economically incompetent.  Government spending doesn’t create jobs.  And government doesn’t know better than the private sector.  He can talk with all the righteous indignation and all-knowing condescension he wants but it doesn’t change that fact.  America’s greatest economic achievements and innovation was done without Government butting into the private sector.

Barack Obama and his Keynesian economics have failed.  Time to try something new.


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