Rule of Law

Posted by PITHOCRATES - November 21st, 2011

Economics 101

To take Civilization to the Next Level required the Rule of Law

Agriculture advances gave us food surpluses.  Food surpluses gave us a division of labor.  The division of labor gave us trade.  Money made that trade more efficient.  And religion allowed great gatherings of people to live together in urban settings.  Which was a start.  But it didn’t solve all the ills of packing a lot of people together in a crowded urban setting.

Religion did bring people together.  But organized civilization needs leadership.  And having a leadership position over the masses gives one great powers.  For good.  As well as bad.  And all too often leaders have become intoxicated on that power.  Especially if that leader was also the god that the people worshipped.  Who felt they could do anything they wanted.  To anyone they wanted.  And often did.

But it’s just not leaders who failed to choose good.  A lot of the people did, too.  Some people cheated each other.  Stole from each other.  Didn’t honor their agreements.  Fights broke out.  Some harmed others.  Even killed people.  Clearly, religion alone wasn’t enough to get everyone to live in peace and harmony.  They needed something more.  Some basic ground rules.  Rules of the game.  The game being living together in a crowded urban setting.  Working together.  And entering into economic transactions.  What they needed to take civilization to the next level was the Rule of Law.

We use the Rule of Law to Clearly Identify and Protect our Private Property

The key for economic development rested on the principle of private property.  Economic activity is based on trade.  To trade you need first to create things to trade.  Often requiring costs and great personal effort to create these things.  Which people will gladly undertake.  As long as if they own what they create.  And are free to do whatever they wish with it.  Keep it.  Use it.  Or trade it.

We use the Rule of Law to clearly identify and protect our private property.  We define what is ours.  And forbid others to take what is ours without our consent.  If they do they will be punished under the law.  Which will deter some.  And those undeterred will face the consequences.  Thus producing a safer environment to live in.  Where we are safe in our persons and property.  Especially in crowded urban settings.

This encouraged greater economic activity.  With more opportunity to trade.  Sometimes we didn’t exchange things after concluding our negotiations.  Instead entering into a contract for an economic exchange.  Such as summarizing the terms for the exchange of a piece of land.  Or for a future farm crop.  Agreements we freely and consensually enter into.  Because we trust the Rule of Law to protect and enforce these agreements.

Private Property Rights and Contracts are the Indispensible Requirements of any Free Market Economy

The Rule of Law picked up where religion left off.  For those who did not wish to choose good behavior.  Whether it be people in the masses.  Or the leaders.  The Rule of Law became supreme.  Everyone was answerable to the laws of the land.  Today, government leaders often swear an oath to support and defend these laws.

And by clearly setting the ground rules for economic exchange, the Rule of Law unleashed economic activity.  Perhaps more so than any other thing.  By establishing private property rights.  And creating contracts.  The indispensible requirements of any free market economy.

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