LOW PRICES. GOD help me, I do hate them so. I hate them with every fiber of my body.
Who says this? Do you? I don’t. Of all the times I’ve spent shopping, I have never heard anyone bitch about low prices. I’ve heard people bitch about high prices. But never about low prices. When gas approached $3/gallon, people bitched about that being too high and drove 10 miles to find ‘cheap’ gas to save a few pennies per gallon. Let it approach $4/gallon and they’ll want Congress to take action. To attack Big Oil. To seize their oil and their profits and give us cheap gasoline in return. But when gas was cheap, no one ever bitched about it being ‘too’ cheap. It just doesn’t happen that way. People bitch about high prices. Not low prices.
So who bitches about low prices? Competitors. There’s a saying that competition makes everything better. And it does. It lowers prices. And raises quality. And who is looking for lower prices and higher quality? Consumers. Who isn’t? Competitors. Especially competitors with political connections.
WHEN THE BIG 3 were putting out crap in the 1970s, they did so because they could. I mean, who else were you going to buy a car from? So what if your car breaks down and the fenders and quarter panels rust away? That just means you gotta buy another car sooner rather than later. A pretty sweet deal. Especially when there are only three places to go to buy a car. And each of the Big 3 is selling the same crap.
Then the Japanese had to go and ruin a good thing. They started selling cars in America. These cars were smaller than your typical American car. But there were other differences. They didn’t rust like the American cars. They didn’t break down as much. And the imports were cheaper than the American cars. Lower price and higher quality. More bang for the buck. Exactly what consumers were demanding.
So what was the response of the Big 3? Did they rise to the level of their new competitors and deliver what the consumer wanted? No. They ran to government for help. For protection. And they got it. Voluntary Export Restraints (VER). The government negotiated with the Japanese to ‘voluntarily’ limit the number of cars they exported to the United States. Or else. So they did. To avoid worse protectionist policies. Problem solved. Competition was limited. And the Big 3 were very profitable in the short run. Everyone lived happily ever after. Until the Japanese refused to play nice.
The problem was what the Big 3 did with those profits. Or, rather, what they didn’t do with them. They didn’t reinvest them to raise themselves up to the level of the Japanese. Protected, they saw no incentive to change. Not when you have Big Government on your side. And how did that work for them? Not good.
So look, the Japanese said, the Americans like our cars. If the American manufacturers won’t give them what they want, we will. While honoring the VER. We won’t export more cars. We’ll just build bigger and better cars to export. And they did. The Big 3 were no longer up against inexpensive, higher quality subcompacts on the fringe of their market share. Now their mid-size and large-size cars had competition. And this wasn’t on the fringe of their market share. This was their bread and butter. What to do? Build better cars and give Americans more bang for their buck? Or run to government again? What do you think?
The Big 3 assaulted the Japanese under the guise of ‘fair trade’. The cry went out that unless the Japanese opened up their markets to American imports (in particular auto parts), we should restrict Japanese imports. To protect American jobs. To protect the American worker. To protect the children. This was code for please make the Japanese cars more unattractive to purchasers so they will settle for the more costly and lower quality cars we’re making. (Let’s not forget the reason Americans were buying the Japanese cars in the first place).
The Japanese response? They took it up a notch. They entered the luxury markets. They launched Acura, Lexus and Infiniti. They competed against Cadillac and Lincoln. And well. The quality was so good they even affected the European luxury imports. More attacks followed. Americans were losing their jobs. Soon there would be no more American manufacturing left in the country. So the Japanese built plants in America. And Americans were now building the Japanese cars. The Japanese actually created American jobs.
SON OF A BITCH! So much for the loss of American jobs. The Japanese threw a wrench in that argument. So now the argument became about the loss of ‘high paying’ American jobs. For the Japanese plants were non-union. Didn’t matter that their workers were making better pay and benefits than many in their region. No. What mattered was that they were building a better product. And they didn’t want THESE jobs in America. But if they couldn’t get rid of these new workers, they should at least unionize them so their cars cost more. To make them a little less appealing to the American consumer. So far they have been unsuccessful in this endeavor. The workers are happy as they are.
Well, these cars just weren’t going away. So the Americans surrendered car manufacturing to the Japanese. They couldn’t beat them. (Of course, it’s hard to do that when you don’t even try). They, instead, focused on the higher profit truck and SUV markets. Then the Japanese entered those markets. And at every level they competed with the Americans, the Japanese gave more bang for the buck. And the consumers responded. With their hard-earned wages. It just wasn’t fair. The Japanese kept giving the American consumer a better product. No matter what political action the Big 3 took or demanded.
And there’s the problem. They sought their answers from government. Instead of making a better car. They wanted to stop the Japanese from giving the American consumer what they wanted so they could force Americans to pay more for less. All the while the economy was forcing the majority of consumers to get by on less (the majority of consumers do not have the wage and benefit package the ‘select’ few had in the Big 3).
Fast forward to 2008 and we see the ultimate consequence of their actions. Bankruptcy. GM and Chrysler had to grovel for a federal bailout and in the process become Washington’s bitch. Ford survived on her own. As did the Japanese. You can bitch all you want about costs, but if you have the revenue you can pay your costs. And the Americans just couldn’t sell enough cars to maintain the revenue they needed for their cost structure. By refusing to address the core problem (they weren’t making cars Americans wanted to buy), they only made their competition stronger and more entrenched in the U.S. market.
IT’S ALL POLITICS. Political cronyism. And crony capitalism. It all comes down to political spoils and patronage. That’s what happens when politics enter capitalism. Big Business partners with Big Government and they enter into relationships. You scratch my back and I’ll scratch your back. But when government protects a business for political expediency, the industry suffers in the long run. As the U.S. automobile industry has. Ditto for the U.S. textile industry. And the U.S. steel industry.
So what goes wrong? When you protect an industry you insulate it from market forces. You can build crap. The problem is, consumers don’t buy crap. So, for awhile, politics intervene and makes the crap more favorable. Whether it’s predatory pricing, monopolistic pricing or collusion, business can’t win. Big Government is there. If your prices are too low, government will intervene. If prices are too high, government will intervene. If prices are too similar, government will intervene. To make things ‘fair’. And by fair they mean to reward those who play the game and to punish those who don’t. And the spoils go to those large voting blocs they need. And in return for their votes, they can count on patronage. Government jobs. Political positions. Favorable legislation and regulation. If you got the vote out, you were rewarded quite nicely.
And consumers be damned. .
Tags: $3/gallon, $4/gallon, 1970s, Acura, America, American cars, American imports, American jobs, American manufacturers, American manufacturing, American worker, Big 3, Big Business, Big Government, Big Oil, Cadillac, capitalism, cars, cheap gas, Chrysler, collusion, competition, Competitors, Congress, Consumers, crony capitalism, economy, European luxury imports, fair trade, federal bailout, Ford, GM, Government jobs, high paying American jobs, high prices, Infiniti, Japanese, Japanese imports, legislation, Lexus, Lincoln, low prices, market forces, monopolistic pricing, more bang for their buck, non-union, pay and benefits, political action, political connections, Political cronyism, political expediency, political patronage, Political positions, political spoils, predatory pricing, prices, protectionist policies, quality, regulation, rust, steel industry, subcompacts, SUV market, textile industry, truck market, U.S. market, union, unionize, United States, VER, Voluntary Export Restraints, voting blocs, Washington
THOMAS JEFFERSON HATED Alexander Hamilton. So much so he hired Philip Freneau as a translator in his State Department in George Washington’s administration. You see, Jefferson did not like confrontation. So he needed a way to slander Hamilton, his policies and the Washington administration without getting his own hands dirty. And that was what Freneau was supposed to do with the money he earned while working in the State Department. Publish a newspaper (National Gazette) and attack Hamilton, his policies and the Washington administration. Papers then were partisan. More so than today. Then, lies and libel were tools of the trade. And they knew how to dig up the dirt. Or make it up.
Another scandalmonger, James Callender, was slinging dirt for Jefferson. And he hit pay dirt. Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds of Philadelphia had a lucrative business. They were blackmailing Alexander Hamilton. Mr. Reynolds had his wife seduce Hamilton. Which she did. And did well. They had an affair. And Mr. Reynolds then blackmailed him. Jefferson pounced. Or, rather, Callender did. To keep Jefferson’s hands clean. Hamilton, Callender said, was using his position at the Treasury Department for personal gain. He was using public funds to pay the blackmailer. They found no proof of this. And they did look for it. Hard. But when they came up empty, Jefferson said that it just proved what a good thief Hamilton was. He was so good that he didn’t leave any traces of his treachery behind.
Of course, when you lie down with dogs, you get up with fleas. And Jefferson’s association with Callender would come back and bite him in the ass. In a big way. Upset because Jefferson didn’t appropriately compensate him for all his loyal dirt slinging (he wanted the postmaster’s job in Richmond), he publicized the Sally Hemings rumors. And after breaking the true story of the Hamilton affair, many would believe this scoop. That Jefferson was having an affair with one of his slaves. It was a dark cloud that would forever hang over Jefferson. And his legacy.
Hamilton admitted to his affair. Jefferson admitted to no affair. Hamilton would never hold public office again and would later die in a duel with Jefferson’s one-time toady, Aaron Burr. This duel resulted because Hamilton was doing whatever he could to keep the amoral and unscrupulous Burr from public office (in this case, it was the governorship of New York). When the election of 1800 resulted in a tie between Jefferson and Burr, Hamilton urged the House to vote for Jefferson, his archenemy. Despite what had appeared in the press, Hamilton did have morals and scruples. Unlike some. Speaking of which, Jefferson would go on to serve 2 terms as president. And all of that angst about Hamiltonian policies? They all went out the window with the Louisiana Purchase (which was unconstitutional, Big Government and Big Finance).
RONALD REAGAN WAS routinely called old, senile and out of touch by the entertainment community, the media and his political foes. But he bested Mikhail Gorbachev and the Soviet Union, something Jimmy Carter never did. He said ‘no’ at Reykjavik because he told the American people that he wouldn’t give up the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). He knew the Soviet Union was bleeding. Communism was a farce. It inhibited human capital. And impoverished her people. SDI may have been science fiction in the 1980s, but capitalism wasn’t. It could do it all. Including SDI. The Soviet Union was on the ropes and Reagan would give no quarter. The days of living in fear of the mushroom cloud were over. And capitalism would deliver the knockout punch.
Reaganomics, of course, made this all possible. Supply-side economics. Which follows the Austrian school. Say’s Law. ‘Supply creates demand’. You don’t stimulate the economy by taxing one group of people so another group can spend. You stimulate it by creating incentives for risk takers to take risks. And when they do, they create jobs. And wealth.
Tax and spend is a failed Keynesian, zero-sum economic policy. When you take from the earners and give to the non-earners, we just transfer purchasing power. We don’t create it. For some to spend more, others must spend less. Hence, zero-sum. The net some of goods and services people are purchasing remains the same. Different people are just doing the purchasing.
When Apple invented the Macintosh personal computer (PC), few were demanding a PC with a graphical user interface (GUI). But Apple was innovative. They created something they thought the people would want. And they did. They took a risk. And the Macintosh with its mouse and GUI took off. Apple manufacturing increased and added jobs. Retail outlets for the Macintosh expanded and created jobs. Software firms hired more engineers to write code. And other firms hired more people to engineer and manufacture PC accessories. There was a net increase in jobs and wealth. Just as Say’s Law predicts. Supply-side economics works.
Of course, the Left hates Reagan and attacked Reaganomics with a vengeance. They attacked Reagan for being pro-rich. For not caring about the poor. And they revised history. They say the only thing the Reagan tax cuts gave us were record deficits. Of course, what those tax cuts gave us were record tax receipts. The government never collected more money. The House of Representatives (who spends the money), awash in cash, just spent that money faster than the treasury collected it. The record shows Reaganomics worked. Lower tax rates spurred economic activity. More activity generated more jobs and more personal wealth. Which resulted in more people paying more taxes. More people paying taxes at a lower rate equaled more tax revenue in the aggregate. It works. And it works every time people try it.
Because Reaganomics worked and showed the Left’s policies were failures, they had to attack Reagan. To discredit him. They had to destroy the man. Except when they’re running for elected office. Then they strive to show how much more Reagan-like they are than their conservative opponents. Because they know Reaganomics worked. And they know that we know Reaganomics worked.
GEORGE W. BUSH was routinely called an ‘idiot’ by the entertainment community, the media and his political foes. Yet this ‘idiot’ seems to have outwitted the elite of the liberal Left time and time again. I mean, if their policies were winning, they would be no reason to have attacked Bush in the first place. The Left hated him with such vitriol that they said he blew up the Twin Towers on 9/11 as a justification for invading Iraq for her oil. It was Big Oil’s lust for profit, after all, that was driving this Texan’s Big Oil policies. And taking Iraq’s oil would increase Big Oil’s sales and give her even more obscene profits.
If Bush was an idiot, he must have been an idiot genius to come up with a plan like that. Then again, gasoline prices crept to $4/gallon following the Iraq War. Had all that oil gone on the market according to plan, that wouldn’t have happened. Unless the plan was to keep that oil OFF of the market, thus, by rules of supply and demand, the price of oil (and the gasoline we make from it) would go up thus enriching Big Oil through higher prices resulting from a lower sales volume. My god, what evil genius. For an idiot. Of course, gas taxes, numerous summer gas blends (required by the government’s environmental policies), an aging and over-taxed pipeline infrastructure and insufficient refinery capacity (the government’s environmental policies make it too punishing even to consider building a new refinery) to meet increasing demand (soaring in India and China) had nothing to do with the rise in gas prices.
IS THE POLITICAL Left evil? Probably not. Just amoral. They have an agenda. They survive on political spoils and patronage. Old time politics. Enrich themselves through cronyism. If tribute is paid they’ll extend favorable treatment. If tribute is not paid, they will release their wrath via hostile regulation, litigation, Congressional investigation and punitive taxation. Just like they did to Big Tobacco (and, no, it wasn’t about our health. They could have just made tobacco illegal. But they didn’t. Why? It just brings in way too much money to the government. Via sin taxes. And federal lawsuits. And with it being addictive, it’s a frickin cash piñata for them.)
They know few agree with their philosophy. But they don’t care. It’s not about national prosperity. It’s about power. And they want it. That’s why they can’t debate the issues. They know they can’t win. So they attack the messenger. Not the message. If you don’t believe that, you can ask Abraham Lincoln, Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush, Sarah Palin and just about any other Republican. Well, you can’t ask Lincoln or Reagan. But you can guess what they would say.
Tags: $4/gallon, 1980s, 9/11, Aaron Burr, Abraham Lincoln, Alexander Hamilton, Apple, attack the messenger, Austrian school, Big Government, Big Oil, Big Tobacco, capitalism, cash piñata, character assassination, Communism, Congressional investigation, conservative, cronyism, deficits, economic activity, election of 1800, environmental policies, evil genius, federal lawsuits, gasoline, George W. Bush, George Washington, goods and services, graphical user interface, GUI, Hamiltonian, House of Representatives, human capital, incentives, Iraq, Iraq War, James Callender, Jimmy Carter, jobs, Keynesian, libel, liberal Left, litigation, Louisiana Purchase, Macintosh, media, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mr. Reynolds, Mrs. Reynolds, mushroom cloud, National Gazette, national prosperity, obscene profits, oil, Old time politics, PC, personal computer, Philip Freneau, philosophy, pipeline infrastructure, political foes, political patronage, political spoils, punitive taxation, purchasing power, Reagan tax cuts, Reagan-like, Reaganomics, record deficits, refinery capacity, regulation, Republican, Reykjavik, risk takers, Ronald Reagan, Sally Hemings, Sarah Palin, Say's Law, SDI, sin taxes, Soviet Union, stimulate the economy, Strategic Defense Initiative, summer gas blends, supply and demand, Supply creates demand, Supply-side economics, Tax and spend, tax cuts, tax receipts, taxation, the Left, Thomas Jefferson, tribute, Twin Towers, Washington administration, wealth, zero-sum economic policy
WARNING. The following contains some explicit language and sexual content and may be inappropriate to some.
“F*ck you.” “Ass h*le.” “You’re mother is a whore.”
We all probably heard these before. Directed at us. At the end of an argument. Which means we’ve argued well. For when the invectives fly, you’ve won the argument.
A good sales man would never call your mother a whore. Instead, if you say ‘no’, they come up with other reasons for you to say ‘yes’. They believe they can get you to see things their way. And often do. Not so when it comes to politics. Especially if you’re arguing with a liberal.
A lot of liberals are liberals for no good reason. Calling yourself a liberal is just a way to feel good about yourself, to make you feel more enlightened and smarter than non-liberals. But most are not as smart or enlightened as they would like to think they are.
I met an old friend for lunch. She was once a liberal but has since moved to where the bulk of the country is. Center-right. She brought an old friend of hers with her. From her liberal past. A single mom. Who successfully juggled career and motherhood. Did it well, too. And, of course, my dear old friend introduced me as a conservative. And she said it with a smirk.
I have long since stopped discussing politics outside my inner circle. Political and philosophical debate is the raison d’être there. It’s what we do for intellectual fun. While drinking some fine single malt. A time and a place for everything. And casual conversation is neither the time nor place for politics.
So I was polite and behaved. But they kept poking the bear. Laughing and enjoying themselves. So, I thought, fine. Let’s discuss politics. The current subject was George W. Bush. Not my favorite president. Not all that conservative when it comes to the spending. But I respect him. I understand his philosophical basis, much of which I agree with. But there are things I don’t like about him. So I asked for some specifics. To make it a fair debate. Why was he a bad president? Because he’s an idiot, she said. Yeah, I asked, but what specifically has he done that you think was idiotic? Have you heard him speak, she asked. I mean, she said, he sounds like an idiot. And so went the conversation.
I pressed for specifics. Didn’t get any. Then the name calling started. I wasn’t being very tolerant of her views. I replied, but you haven’t told me your views. All I know is that you think Bush is an idiot. Apparently, that should have sufficed. Luckily, we had already consumed a bottle of wine by then so it was easy to change the subject and forget our little dustup.
And that’s a common experience I have with liberals. They know everything. But can’t explain anything. I’m then called intolerant for not seeing things their way while they refuse to consider my arguments for seeing things my way. In politics, people believe they base their opinions on a sound philosophical basis. Most times they don’t. They just heard something funny on Saturday Night Live or the Daily Show. And they repeat it. That’s why, when pressed for specifics, they can’t give any. And then the name calling ensues.
DO YOU KNOW what ‘tea bagging’ is? If you’re a gay man, you probably do. At least, one of the meanings. It’s a sex act in the gay community. It’s when a dominate man lowers his genitals into a submissive man’s mouth. It gets its name from the similarity of lowering a tea bag into a cup of hot water. It’s a popular sex act, for it has migrated into the heterosexual community. Without the BDSM aspects, though. But when people call someone a ‘tea bagger’, it generally refers to the homosexual act. Because of the degrading/humiliation aspects of the BDSM role playing.
David Gergen was on Anderson Cooper’s 360 on CNN. They were discussing the new grassroots movement known as the Tea Party movement. It’s called this in honor of those who stood up against the mercantilist policies of the British Empire who said you can drink whatever tea you’d like as long as it is British East India Company tea. Good tea, yes, but it was British tea. The Americans were taking a stand on principle. And tossed the tea overboard.
Carrying on with the ‘tea’ theme from the colonial period, Tea Party people used tea bags on signs and sent them in to Congress as a symbol of protest. Some people used the symbol with a sexual undertone. But most people didn’t. Most didn’t know of the sexual act. Well, these people, using tea bags as a symbol of their protest, were dubbed ‘tea baggers’. And those familiar with the sexual act used it to attack and ridicule those people in the Tea Party movement. When David Gergen said the Republicans were trying to find their voice, Anderson Cooper made the crude statement, “It’s hard to talk when you’re tea bagging.”
So much for your objective journalist.
Sure, the Tea Party people were worthy of such contempt for the things they stand for. By the way, do you know what they stand for? It’s easy to find out. I did. They adopted a 10 item agenda called Contract from America. Here’s a bulleted list:
1. Identify constitutionality of every new law.
2. Reject emissions trading.
3. Demand a balanced federal budget.
4. Simplify the tax system.
5. Audit federal government agencies for constitutionality.
6. Limit annual growth in federal spending.
7. Repeal the health care legislation passed on March 23, 2010.
8. Pass an ‘All-of-the-Above’ Energy Policy.
9. Reduce Earmarks.
10. Reduce Taxes.
Yeah, I know. This is crazy talk. Do you realize what would happen if these ‘tea baggers’ got their way? Everyone would probably live happily ever after.
FOR TOLERANT PEOPLE, liberals can be pretty intolerant of anyone who doesn’t think like them. And they can get pretty nasty, attacking people instead of the issues. The Conservatives are yearning to debate the issues. But they get invective instead. Why? Because it’s the last refuge for someone who has already lost the argument. Name calling. Because it’s all they have. They can’t beat you with the facts. So they pummel you with personal attacks.
Tags: Anderson Cooper, Anderson Cooper's 360, arguments, balanced federal budget, British East India Company, British Empire, Center-right, CNN, conservative, constitutionality, Contract from America, Daily Show, David Gergen, Earmarks, emissions trading, Energy Policy, federal spending, George W. Bush, grassroots movement, health care legislation, intolerant, liberal, liberals, objective journalist, opinions, personal attacks, philosophical basis, philosophical debate, Political debate, politics, Saturday Night Live, single malt, tax system, tea bagger, tea bagging, tea bags, Tea Party, Tea Party movement
GOD WAS HERE before the Marine Corps. So you can give your heart to Jesus, but your ass belongs to The Corps.
(From the movie Full Metal Jacket, 1987.)
In Roman Catholicism, this is the doctrine of the two swords. The spiritual sword is the Church. The temporal sword is the state. Martin Luther had the doctrine of two kingdoms. The religious and civil. Going back to the source, Jesus Christ put it this way:
Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s, and unto God the things that are God’s
The original separation of church and state. Of course, back then, this was all intended to limit the state’s interference into spiritual matters. Today it’s reversed. It’s the state that is trying to hold the spiritual sword at bay.
THE FOUNDING FATHERS were gentlemen of the Enlightenment. This makes them complex. The Enlightenment was the Age of Reason. And guess what we did during the Age of Reason? We thought. Rationally. There was a philosophical revolution going on in Europe. Simply put, things weren’t what they were because the Church said so. There were other explanations. Other laws. And the Church could be wrong.
So, if the Founding Fathers had lived in the 20th century, they would have probably been fans of the rock group Rush. And Ayn Rand. Who influenced Rush. Thomas Jefferson probably would have an iPod filled with their songs, including Tom Sawyer:
No his mind is not for rent
To any god or government
They questioned ALL authority. And some may have been Deists. But they were not atheists. Even Jefferson. He may not have believed in the Trinity or Christ’s divinity, but he still believed in God. And he worshipped Jesus in his own way. As the world’s greatest philosopher, with his Sermon on the Mount being the best philosophy man could ask for.
THE FOUNDING FATHERS were gentlemen of the Enlightenment. Now the other part. The thing that makes them complex. The gentlemen part. What did this mean in the 18th century? Here are some adjectives that describe a gentleman. Honorable. Virtuous. Reputable. A gentleman strived to achieve moral excellence and righteousness. He was ethical. His life was a steadfast adherence to a strict moral code. And when he served in public office, it was with selfless disinterest. He would go out of his way to NOT gain personally from his time in public office. Some did it better than others. But all tried. And when they fell short, they at least put on an appearance of disinterest. It was that important. And expected.
In a word, restraint. This is what a gentleman practiced. George Washington exercised this restraint to such a degree that many found him cold and aloof. Few saw him smile. Few saw public displays of emotion. What they did see was an exemplary life of virtue, honor and moral excellence. And they would forever look at him with awe and reverence. We do to this day.
These students of the Enlightenment, then, espoused Judeo-Christian ethics. They questioned all authority oppressing man, whether it be Church or state. But they did not throw out the baby with the bath water. They remained religious. They just wouldn’t yield to it unconditionally. Not to the Pope. To a bishop. Or any other tyranny of a minority, privileged elite. Even after their Revolution.
And they would extend this restraint to the new nation they would found. It would be a government that would govern with the consent of the people. But it would not be mob-rule. Not a true democracy. It would be representative government. The idea was to restrain the extreme passions of the people. They would not exchange one tyranny for another. There would be no tyranny of the majority.
FRANCE HAD PROBLEMS in the late 18th century. The toll of war was bankrupting the country. Their financing of the American Revolution didn’t help either. Food was scarce and expensive. Famine and malnutrition were commonplace. Among the Third Estate (the poor). The First Estate (the Church) was doing well. The Second Estate (the nobility), too. Unemployed and hungry, the poor looked at the clergy and the nobility who were not.
The Church was largely exempt from paying taxes. And the Church was the largest landholder in France. The Church levied a 10% tax (i.e., a tithe) on the general population. A lot of that was collected in-kind (food crops). So the Church had more land, money and food than the starving, suffering masses. Who became an angry mob. That demanded democracy.
The people stormed the Bastille. Confiscated Church property. Overthrew the monarchy. And sent the king and queen, and many others, to the guillotine. Maximilien Robespierre and the Jacobins unleashed the Reign of Terror. They executed political enemies, including priests, and displayed their severed heads to the angry mob. They de-Christianized France, destroying churches and religious symbols. They tried to do away with the Church altogether and replace it with civic and community events and organizations. It was a revolution against Church and state. Against law and order. Against restraint. They would send Robespierre himself to the guillotine at the end of his terror. Then another terror followed to avenge the previous terror.
There’s more to the French Revolution. But that should suffice for now.
FRANCE WAS IN the epicenter of the Enlightenment. Some of the great minds of the Enlightenment were French. But France was older than America. And more populated. With centuries of wrongs to right. It was anything but a blank canvas. Egalitarianism soon devolved into angry mob rule. Democracy. They went from the tyranny of a minority to the tyranny of the majority without stopping in that fertile middle ground. As was the case in America. Why?
It’s that blank canvas thing. We weren’t overthrowing our history to start anew. We had little history. Maybe a century or two of English colonists who literally started with raw earth. There wasn’t a rich and privileged Church. So there wasn’t a festering resentment against the Church. No, the early colonists escaped religious oppression and came here for religious freedom. Which they found. And enjoyed.
The American Revolution was more restrained. There were no bloody reprisals after the War. There were isolated instances of mob violence during the War, but the ‘mob’ was never in control. The ‘gentlemen’ were always in control. Gentlemen steeped in Judeo-Christian ethics. From the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution, the Founding Fathers built a new nation upon the Rule of Law. And at its heart were the God-given rights enumerated in those documents. That no man, or minority, or majority, or mob, could take away.
GOD WAS HERE before the United States. So we can give our heart to Jesus. But our ass belongs to the Rule of Law.
Or something like that. We are a secular nation with a de-emphasis on the religious part. Yes, legal punishment may dissuade you from doing wrong. If you think the cops can catch you. But it’s our morality that will keep us from doing wrong in the first place. And the people at our founding were moral. And Christian. Or deists with Judeo-Christian ethics.
And to those who fear antidisestablishmentarianism, don’t. I doubt the Catholics and the Protestants could agree on what an established church would be, let alone the myriad other religions peacefully coexisting with each other. No, more religion would not result in an established church. It may, though, result in government leaders who fear God and, maybe, they would be better leaders for it. It sure beats us living in fear of them.
Tags: 18th century, Age of Reason, American Revolution, antidisestablishmentarianism, atheists, Ayn Rand, Bastille, bishop, Caesar, Catholics, Christ, Christian, Church, church and state, Church property, clergy, Constitution, de-Christianized, Deists, democracy, disinterest, divinity, Egalitarianism, Enlightenment, established church, famine, First Estate, Founding Fathers, France, French Revolution, Full Metal Jacket, gentlemen, George Washington, God, God-given rights, guillotine, Jacobins, Jesus, Jesus Christ, Judeo-Christian ethics, malnutrition, Man-given rights, Marine Corps, Martin Luther, Maximilien Robespierre, Mob rule, monarchy, moral code, morality, nobility, Pope, privileged elite, Protestants, Reign of Terror, religious oppression, representative government, restraint, revolution, Roman Catholicism, rule of law, Rush, Second Estate, Sermon on the Mount, Third Estate, Thomas Jefferson, tithe, Tom Sawyer, Trinity, two kingdoms, two swords, tyranny of a minority, tyranny of the majority
JESUS CHRIST! You’ll hear that in a foxhole. When hunkered down as bullets and shrapnel fly thick overhead. By theist and atheist alike. Of course, one is most probably in prayer while the other in vain. Considering the circumstances, though, the Lord would probably forgive the latter. As long as you’re fighting on the side of good, that is.
When emotions are running high, people tend to say things. Sometimes bad things. Sometimes, even philosophically inconsistent things. What’s that joke? At the height of confusion someone shouts out, “Thank God I’m an atheist!”
People tend to get more intimate with God when they are about to personally find out the answer to that age-old question – is there an afterlife? Can’t blame them. Your own mortality can be a scary thing. And no one wants to rush that. That’s why, in the age of the Enlightenment, people thought of government not as a force of coercion, but as protection from coercion. People wanted to live as long as they could. And as free as they could. So people made governments that would function within the Rule of Law. To better their lives.
England made great strides in protecting its citizens from the arbitrary use of force. After some un-English-like treatment in the New World, the British America colonies broke from the mother country. But they would build on the English ideals. The Declaration of Independence stated:
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed….
The key here is that rights are God-given. That meant kings could be wrong. As well as Parliament. Even the Church. Kings, aristocracies, bishops, etc., are positions created and held by men. Nature/God did not grant them this power. They granted it to themselves. And once some have power, it’s not long before some use it to oppress those who don’t.
So when it comes to determining the origin of rights, the atheists should thank God he or she is an atheist. For if God gives them that right (to be an atheist), no man can take it away. But if rights are not God-given, then they must be man-given. And whatever man giveth, he can taketh away. Especially if you piss off the powers that be.
DRUNKEN FARMER JONES was oppressing the animals on Manor Farm. Having had enough, the animals rose up and seized power. They renamed the farm Animal Farm. The pigs Snowball and Napoleon were the leaders of the revolution. They created a new political doctrine called Animalism. It rested on the following 7 commandments painted on the side of the barn:
- Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
- Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
- No animal shall wear clothes.
- No animal shall sleep in a bed.
- No animal shall drink alcohol.
- No animal shall kill any other animal.
- All animals are equal.
Snowball wanted to do good. The new farm started out as an anarcho-syndicalist commune. Sort of. Then Napoleon seized power. He and his pigs became the ruling elite for the benefit of animal kind on Animal Farm. And life was good. For the pigs.
Napoleon fabricated lies about Snowball. With the animals turned against him as planned, Napoleon had his dogs chase him off of Animal Farm.
The animals worked harder. But there were setbacks. And at every setback, Boxer, the old workhorse, lamented that he would have to work harder. And he did. Until his strength failed him and he collapsed while working. The pigs then sent him to the vet. Only the side of the vet’s wagon said ‘Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler’. Most of the animals couldn’t read. Benjamin could. He told them what the van said. But it was too late.
Benjamin, Boxer’s friend, was an old donkey. And wise. He saw a lot in his long life. Little good, though. Life was no different under the pigs than it was under the humans. But he wasn’t surprised. For that was life. “Life will go on as it has always gone on—that is, badly.”
The pigs started to act more humanlike. They started to walk on two legs so they could carry riding crops. They began wearing clothes. Slept in beds. Drank alcohol. And sent off Boxer to his death for some whiskey money. The pigs slowly revised the 7 Commandments to agree with their new behavior. Until, one day, there was but a single commandment remaining. “All animals are equal. But some animals are more equal than others.” And life was good. For the pigs.
GEORGE ORWELL WAS a socialist who volunteered to fight for the Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War. He got shot in the throat and was declared medically unfit for further duty. While healing, the political climate was deteriorating. His socialist group, the Workers’ Party of Marxists Unification (or, in Spanish, Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista (POUM)) fell out of favor with the pro-Soviet Communists. They accused the POUM of being affiliated with Joseph Stalin’s archenemy, Leon Trotsky. So the Communists outlawed the POUM. It’s complicated. Suffice it to say that Orwell made it back to England. And had no love for Stalin or Soviet Communism.
Then, of course, came World War II. And the Hitler-Stalin Pact of Nonaggression, further increasing the love between Orwell and Stalin. And by love I mean hate. For Orwell hated totalitarianism. And for all the Utopian talk, Communism had devolved into nothing more than an oppressive totalitarian regime.
This is the story of Animal Farm. Napoleon is Joseph Stalin. Animal Farm becomes the police state of Soviet Communism. At about a hundred pages, it’s the biggest little book you will ever read. If you haven’t yet, do so. And then pick up Orwell’s 1984. It’s a little longer and a little darker but, wow, what a story.
SO THERE’RE TWO revolutions. The American and the Russian. Both ended up on ‘top ten’ lists. One for liberty. The other for genocide. Can you guess which?
As an ideology, Communism has killed more people than any other in history. It killed more than the Nazis. More than the Christian Crusades. More than the Black Death even. No other ideology (or plague) comes close.
So why was one revolution so much bloodier than the other? Well, the Americans were Christian. The Russians were Orthodox Christians. But the Soviets were atheists. There were no God-given rights in the Soviet Union. Only privileges allowed by the privileged elite. And fear. For people could disappear at someone’s slightest whim.
That’s the down side of atheism. And secularism. It removes the fear of God from a people’s rulers. And if they aren’t worrying about the afterlife, there’s not a whole lot to dissuade them from doing unspeakable things in the here and now.
Tags: 1984, afterlife, America colonies, anarcho-syndicalist, Animal Farm, Animalism, aristocracies, atheist, Benjamin, Big Government, bishops, Black Death, Boxer, British, Christian, Christian Crusades, Church, commune, communists, consent of the governed, Creator, Declaration of Independence, England, Enlightenment, Farmer Jones, fear of God, genocide, George Orwell, God, God-given, Hitler-Stalin Pact of Nonaggression, Jesus Christ, Joseph Stalin, kings, Leon Trotsky, liberty, Lord, Man-given rights, Manor Farm, more equal than others, mortality, Napoleon, Nazis, New World, Orthodox Christians, Parliament, police state, POUM, prayer, privileged elite, pursuit of Happiness, rule of law, Russians, secularism, Snowball, socialist, Soviet Communism, Soviet Union, Spanish Civil War, Thank God I'm an atheist!, theist, totalitarian regime, totalitarianism, unalienable Rights, Utopian, World War II
ALEXANDER HAMILTON WAS a real bastard. John Adams hated him. Thomas Jefferson, too. George Washington looked at him like a son. Aaron Burr killed him. Politics. It can get ugly.
Hamilton’s father was having an affair with a married woman in a loveless marriage. Fathered two children with her. First James. Then Alexander. Both born on the British island of Nevis in the Caribbean. His father then moved the family to the Danish island of St. Croix. Shortly thereafter, Hamilton’s father abandoned his family. Alexander was 10ish (there is some disagreement about his year of birth).
At age 11ish, Alexander became a clerk at Cruger and Beekmen, an import-export firm. There he learned about business and commerce. People noticed his talent and ability. Soon, they collected some money and sent him off to the American colonies for a college education. Hamilton’s fondest memory of his childhood home was seeing St. Croix disappear into the horizon from the ship that delivered him to America.
Hamilton’s father did have some nobility in his lineage but he squandered it before it could do Alexander any good. He was an illegitimate child (a real bastard). His father abandoned him. His mother died while he was young. He had little but ability. But that was enough to take him from St. Croix to the founding of a new nation.
Hamilton served in the Continental Army. He served as General Washington’s aide-de-camp. Hamilton was in the know as much as Washington. His understanding of business, commerce and money made him acutely aware of the financial disarray of the Army. And of the Continental Congress. What he saw was a mess.
The Continental Congress was a weak central government. It could not draft soldiers. It could not impose taxes to pay her soldiers. It could only ask the states for money to support the cause. Contributions were few. The congress tried printing money but the ensuing inflation just made things worse. The Army would take supplies for subsistence and issue IOUs to the people they took them from. The Congress would beg and borrow. Most of her arms and hard currency came from France. But they ran up a debt in the process with little prospect of repaying it. Which made that begging and borrowing more difficult with each time they had to beg and borrow.
The army held together. But it suffered. Big time. Washington would not forget that experience. Or Hamilton. Or the others who served. For there was a unity in the Army. Unlike there was in the confederation that supported the Army.
WARS ARE COSTLY. And France fought a lot of them. Especially with Great Britain. She was helping the Americans in part to inflict some pain on her old nemesis. And in the process perhaps regain some of what she lost to Great Britain in the New World. You see, the British had just recently defeated the French in the French and Indian War (aka, the 7 Years War). And she wanted her former possessions back. But France was bleeding. Strapped for cash, after Yorktown, she told the Americans not to expect any more French loans.
Wars are costly. The fighting may have been over, but the debt remained. The interest on the debt alone was crushing. With the loss of a major creditor, America had to look elsewhere for money. The Continental Congress’ Superintendent of Finance, the guy who had to find a way to pay these costs, Robert Morris, said they had to tax the Americans until it hurt they were so far in debt. He put together a package of poll taxes, land taxes, an excise tax and tariffs. The congress didn’t receive it very well. Representation or not, Americans do not like taxes. Of the proposed taxes, the congress only put the tariffs on imports before the states.
Rhode Island had a seaport. Connecticut didn’t. Rhode Island was charging tariffs on imports that passed through her state to other states. Like to Connecticut. Because they generated sufficient revenue from these tariffs, their farmers didn’t have to pay any taxes. In other words, they could live tax free. Because of circumstance, people in Rhode Island didn’t have to pay taxes. Connecticut could pay their taxes for them. Because of the Rhodes Island impost. And the Robert Morris’ impost would take away that golden goose.
As the congress had no taxing authority, it would take a unanimous vote to implement the impost. Twelve voted ‘yes’. Rhode Island said ‘no’. There would be no national tax. ‘Liberty’ won. And the nation teetered on the brink of financial ruin.
DEFALTION FOLLOWED INFLATION. When the British left, they took their trade and specie with them. What trade remained lost the protection of the Royal Navy. When money was cheap people borrowed. With the money supply contracted, it was very difficult to repay that debt. The Americans fell into a depression. Farmers were in risk of losing the farm. And debtors saw the moneymen as evil for expecting to get their money back. The people demanded that their state governments do something. And they did.
When the debtors became the majority in the state legislatures, they passed laws to unburden themselves from their obligations. They passed moratoriums on the collection of debt (stay laws). They allowed debtors to pay their debts in commodities in lieu of money (tender acts). And they printed money. The depression hit Rhode Island hard. The debtors declared war on the creditors. And threw property laws out the window. Mob rule was in. True democracy. Rhode Island forced the creditors to accept depreciated paper money at face value. Creditors, given no choice, had to accept pennies on the dollars owed. No drawbacks to that, right? Of course, you better pray you never, ever, need to borrow money again. Funny thing about lenders. If you don’t pay them back, they do stop lending. The evil bastards.
Aristotle said history was cyclical. It went from democracy to anarchy to tyranny. Hamilton and James Madison, future enemies, agreed on this point. A democracy is the death knell of liberty. It is a sure road to the tyranny of the majority. If you don’t honor written contracts, there can be no property rights. Without property rights, no one is safe from arbitrary force. Civilization degenerates to nature’s law where only the fittest and most powerful survive. (In the social utopias of the Soviet Union and Communist China, where there were no property rights, the people’s government murdered millions of their people).
WINNING A WAR did not make a nation. Before and after the Revolution, people thought in provincial terms. Not as Americans. Thomas Jefferson hated to be away from his country, Virginia. Unless you served in the Continental Army, this is how you probably thought. Once the common enemy was defeated, the states pursued their own interests. (Technically speaking, they never stopped pursuing their own interests, even during the War).
In addition to all the other problems a weak Continental Congress was trying to resolve, states were fighting each other for land. A localized war broke out between Pennsylvania and Connecticut over the Wyoming region in north east Pennsylvania. And a region of New York was demanding their independence from that state. Hamilton helped negotiate a peaceful solution and the confederacy admitted the new state, Vermont.
There were problems with the confederation. And people were getting so giddy on liberty that that they were forgetting the fundamental that made it all possible. Property rights. States were moving closer to mob rule with no check on majority power. And the smallest minorities held the legislation of the Confederate Congress (the Continental Congress renamed) hostage. Land claims were pitting state against state with the Congress unable to do anything. Meanwhile, her finances remained in shambles. She had no credit in Europe. And creditors wanted their money back.
They were choosing sides. And you can probably guess the sides. Hamilton had no state allegiances, understood finance and capital, saw how an impotent congress was unable to support the Army during war, saw provincial interests hinder national progress and threaten civil war. George Washington, Virginia’s greatest son, had long looked to the west and saw America’s future there. Not Virginia’s future. His war experience only confirmed what he believed. America had a great future. If they could only set aside their provincialism and sectional interests. James Madison saw the tyranny of the majority in the Virginian State House first hand. He liked partisanship. He liked competing ideals debated. He did not want to see a majority stampede their vision into law.
These were the nationalists. Madison wanted a strong federal government to check the tyranny of the states. Hamilton wanted to do away with the states altogether. Washington wanted what was best for these several united states as a whole after so many labored for so long during the Revolutionary War. Ultimately, he wanted to capitalize the ‘u’ and the’s’ in united states and make it a singular entity.
On the other side were many of the old 1776 patriots. Many of who did not have any army experience. Such as Thomas Jefferson. In them, the Spirit of ’76 was alive and well. The Revolutionary War was to free the states from the yoke of British oppression. They remained provincials. They did not spend up to 8 years in an army made up of soldiers from different states. They had no sense of this nationalism. They saw everything through the eyes of their state. And a strong central government was just another yoke of oppression in their eyes.
THE ANSWER TO all of their concerns was federalism. Shared sovereignty. The states would give up a little. And the new central government would take up a little. The drafters of the Constitution set up a 3-branch government. It included a bicameral legislature. Membership in the House of Representatives would be proportional to a state’s population. They would have power of the purse. Including the authority to levy taxes. In the Senate, each state would get 2 senators. They would be chosen by the states’ legislatures (a constitutional amendment changed this to a popular vote). This was to keep the spending of the House in check. To prevent mob-rule. And to check national power. Each chamber would have to approve legislation for it to become law. But each chamber did not need to have unanimous approval.
That was in the legislature. In the executive branch, the president would be head of state and execute the laws written by the legislature. He would also conduct a uniform foreign policy. The president could veto legislation to check the power of the legislature. And the legislature could override the president’s veto to check the power of the president. Where the law was in dispute, the judiciary would interpret the law and resolve the dispute.
At first glance, the people didn’t love the U.S. Constitution. Those at the convention didn’t either, but they thought it was the best they could do. To help the ratification process, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay wrote a series of essays, subsequently published as the Federalist Papers making the case for ratification. Those opposed wanted a Bill of Rights added. Madison did not think one was necessary. He feared listing rights would protect those rights only. If they forgot to list a right, then government could say that it wasn’t a right. He acquiesced, though, when it was the price to get the Virginian Baptists on board which would bring Virginia on board.
Madison promised to add a Bill of Rights after ratification. So the states ratified it. And he did. The final document fell between what the nationalists wanted and what the ‘states’ government’ people wanted.
OVER THE FOLLOWING years, each side would interpret the document differently. When Hamilton interpreted broadly to create a national bank, to assume the states’ debts and to fund the debt, the other side went ballistic. Madison, the father of the Constitution, would join Jefferson in opposition. For they believed the point of the constitution was to keep big government small. Hamilton was interpreting the ‘necessary and proper’ clause of the Constitution to make government big. Nasty, partisan politics ensued. And continue to this day.
Tags: Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton, Americans, anarchy, Aristotle, bicameral legislature, Big Government, Bill of Rights, British, British oppression, capital, central government, Communist China, Confederate Congress, confederation, Connecticut, Continental Army, Continental Congress, creditors, Cruger and Beekmen, debt, debtors, deflation, democracy, depression, excise tax, executive, federal government, Federalism, Federalist Papers, finance, foreign policy, France, French and Indian War, French loans, General Washington, George Washington, golden goose, Great Britain, head of state, House of Representatives, impost, inflation, James Madison, John Adams, John Jay, judiciary, land taxes, liberty, majority power, Mob rule, money, money supply, moneymen, national bank, nationalists, necessary and proper, Nevis, New World, New York, paper money, partisan politics, Partisanship, Pennsylvania, poll taxes, power of the purse, printed money, property laws, property rights, provincial, provincialism, ratification, revolution, Revolutionary War, Rhode Island, Robert Morris, Royal Navy, sectional interests, Senate, shared sovereignty, sovereignty, Soviet Union, specie, Spirit of '76, St. Croix, state government, state legislature, stay laws, Superintendent of Finance, tariffs, taxing authority, tender acts, the 7 Years War, Thomas Jefferson, trade, tyranny, tyranny of the majority, tyranny of the states, U.S. Constitution, Vermont, veto, Virginia, Virginian Baptists, written contracts, Wyoming region, Yorktown
BONJOUR. A LITTLE French there. To go with the use of the French expression ‘raison d’être’. Which means reason for being. Sounds better in French, n’est-ce pas?
I like Canada. Both parts. The French and the English parts. I’ve met and become friends with people in Toronto, Montreal, Fredericton and Corner Brook. And elsewhere. I like to talk to my Francophone friends about that day on the Plains of Abraham. And I like to speak French to my Anglophone friends. And they both like to point out to me what they believe to be America’s lack of tolerance and compassion.
The Canadians may be a tolerant and friendly people. Everyone says that about them. That they’re nice. And they are. But they have to work at it at times. For there ain’t a whole lot of love between the French and English. Not now. Or then. When French Canada became British.
Like it or not, that animosity has been at the van of Western Civilization. And it would compete in the New World. Colonize it. Fight in it. And give birth to a new nation. One that would break from the ways of the past.
“WHO’S THAT, THEN?” one filthy peasant asked another.
“I don’t know. Must be a king. ”
“He hasn’t got shit all over him.”
(From Monty Python and the Holy Grail – 1975.)
What is a king? Besides someone who “hasn’t got shit all over him.” A king is where sovereignty lies. And sovereignty? In a word, supremacy. Supreme authority.
The Sun King, Louis XIV of France, was an absolute monarch and his word was the absolute law of the land. And he could do pretty much whatever the hell he wanted. He built his gorgeous palace at Versailles. Because he could. Over in England, the king was sovereign, too, but Parliament checked his power. So the British king wasn’t an absolute monarchy. In England, the king could do whatever he wanted as long as Parliament agreed to pay for it. For Parliament controlled the purse strings. There would be no Versailles in England.
Now France and England were always at war. Their fighting even spilled over into the New World. The 7 Years War (as the Europeans called this world war) went by a different name in North America. The French and Indian War. The British won. France lost Canada and other colonial possessions. Their loss, though, was America’s gain. The French and Indian attacks on the American Colonists ended, leaving them with peace and prosperity. But it was costly. As wars are wont to be.
Over in England, Parliament had to pay that cost. But taxes were already pretty high at the time in England. If they raised them further, it could cause trouble. So what to do? Well, there were some who pointed out that the American colonists really came out the clear winner in this latest contest. They got peace and prosperity without really paying anything to get it. Shouldn’t they pick up part of the tab? I mean, fair is fair, right?
And they probably would have gladly contributed as good English subjects. However, and this is a big however, they felt they weren’t treated as good English subjects. In fact, they felt more like Parliament’s bitch than English subjects. And to add insult to injury, they had no vote in Parliament.
Parliament passed a series of acts that the Americans would call the Intolerable Acts. Both sides missed opportunities for compromise and peace. Instead, tempers festered. Parliament would bitch-slap the colonists. And the colonists would bitch-slap Parliament. Eventually throwing some British East Indian tea into the water.
Now Britain’s king, King George, had a bit of a problem on his hands. The Americans were challenging his sovereign rule. There was a name for this. Kings call it treason. And they kill people for it. King George was the supreme authority. Anyone challenging his authority was challenging his right to rule. That’s why acts of treason are typically punishable by death. You don’t stand up to kings. You grovel. And these uppity Americans surely weren’t groveling.
And just how does a king get this authority? Well, you don’t vote for them. They either inherit power. Or they kill for it. It’s a story as old as time. Patricide. Matricide. Fratricide. And sometimes the killing was by someone outside the family. But that’s how sovereign power changed. A king or queen died. Naturally. Or with a little help. And when a new sovereign ascended the throne, he or she usually killed all other possible contenders.
If King George didn’t put down the American rebellion, it could spread. To Canada. To other English colonies. Or give someone ideas back at home that the king was weak. And challenge him for his throne.
These are things kings think about. Power can be precarious. Even when it’s absolute. As King Louis XVI would learn in France. During the French Revolution, the people, challenging the king’s sovereignty, sent him to the guillotine. Chopped his head off. His wife’s, too. Marie Antoinette.
ENGLAND GAVE BIRTH to modern, representative government. It was a balance of power between the many (the common people in the House of Commons), the few (the aristocratic rich in the House of Lords) and the one (the sovereign king). Each provided a check on the others. The king was the supreme power but he needed money to wage war and build things. Parliament collected taxes and paid for things they approved of. And the House of Lords was to keep that spending from getting out of control as they understood money and costs (that’s what rich people are good at). They were to protect the nation from the evils of pure democracy where the people, once they realize they can, will vote themselves the treasury.
Most of the American colonists were transplanted Englishmen. Or came from English stock. They were English subjects (at least in name if not in practice). They understood representative government. Their colonial governments were in fact very British. The Rule of Law was the rule of the land. The governed consented to taxation. And the government collected the taxes they consented to.
You can probably see where this is going.
Taxation without representation was very un-English. The fact that it was okay in the American colonies chafed the American English subjects. I mean, it really frosted their shorts. It wasn’t right. By English law. Or by precedent. Anger at Parliament turned into anger at the king. Questions of sovereignty arose. Should the king be sovereign? Or should the people? In 1776, the American colonists stated their opinion in a very treasonous document. The Declaration of Independence.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed….
The U.S. Constitution emphasized the sovereignty of the people in the preamble.
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Kings were out. The Rule of Law was in. No aristocracy. No hereditary offices. In America, it would be different. After the Battle of Gettysburg some 75 years later, Abraham Lincoln would reiterate this at the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal…
…that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
THE AMERICAN COLONISTS rebelled and broke away from Great Britain because they were through with being her bitch. In fact, they weren’t going to be anyone’s bitch. That’s why there was a lot of opposition to the establishment of a strong, central government. They didn’t want a national government taking up where Great Britain left off. And they didn’t want an American president to be just another King George. The people won their liberty. And they intended to keep it. So they could pursue that happiness Thomas Jefferson wrote about in the Declaration of Independence.
Federalism was the solution. The states’ governments would retain most of their powers. Only those things they could not do well (regulate ‘free-trade’ interstate commerce, negotiate trade agreements with other nations, wage war, etc.) would be done by the new national government. The people would remain sovereign. Strong state governments and a ‘weak’ central government would share power. In effect, the new central government was to be the people’s bitch. But you’d never know that by looking at things today.
Tags: 7 Years War, America, American Colonists, American rebellion, Anglophone, Big Government, British, Canada, Canadians, central government, Corner Brook, Declaration of Independence, East Indian tea, England, English, English colonies, English law, English stock, English subjects, Englishmen, evils of pure democracy, Federalism, France, Francophone, Fratricide, Fredericton, free trade, French, French and Indian War, French Canada, French Revolution, Great Britain, guillotine, House of Commons, House of Lords, interstate commerce, Intolerable Acts, King George, King Louis XIV, King Louis XVI, liberty, Marie Antoinette, Matricide, monarch, monarchy, Montreal, Monty Python, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, New World, North America, Parliament, Patricide, Plains of Abraham, pursuit of Happiness, representative government, rule of law, sovereignty, Sun King, taxation without representation, the few, the many, the one, Thomas Jefferson, Toronto, treason, U.S. Constitution, Versailles, Western Civilization
BIG GOVERNMENT DID NOT create the greatest military power of all time. It’s not a top down success story. It’s a bottom up success story. You win wars by winning battles. And you win battles with a rifle in your hands. Those who matter don’t hear the clash of arms from afar. They hear it from within the battle itself.
The successes of the military are due to the people who fight the battles. They are not due to governmental bureaucrats. In fact, you can say the fighting people achieve success despite the governmental bureaucrats. I can give you a list of esteemed military personnel that would agree with me. Here’s an abbreviated list: George Washington and Robert E. Lee. Of course, you can’t ask either of them because they’re dead. But the history speaks for itself. Their most difficult enemies were the politicians. And the ones on their side. Not the enemies’.
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR was a lot like the Vietnam War, only without the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Both had the mightiest military power in the world taking on a military lightweight. Therefore, both used Fabian tactics. Like Roman general Quintus Fabius Maximus, the underdog avoided major engagements with the enemy. (Excluding the Tet Offensive, of course, which was very un-Fabian-like.) Theirs was not to win. No, theirs was not to lose. For he who fights and runs away lives to fight another day.
But the big difference between these wars was supply. The Viet Cong and the NVA had the Ho Chi Minh Trail. No matter how many of them you killed or how many of their supplies you destroyed, more just kept coming down that trail. George Washington and his ragtag armies, on the other hand, were, well, ragtag. Plead as he might for supplies the Continental Congress delivered little. Including pay. His armies were chronically under-supplied, under-fed and under-paid. But still they carried on.
When they took winter quarters in December 1777 on the barren hills on the west side of the Schuylkill River in eastern Pennsylvania, they had not received any supplies from the Quarter Master General since the previous July. Now the winter at Valley Forge was not the coldest during the War, but it was cold. Especially if you were barefoot and half naked. And this was the condition of the average soldier. While the British quartered themselves in the warm houses of Philadelphia and enjoyed the comforts of regular meals and warm beds, the Americans left trails of blood in the snow from their bloody, bare feet. They slept by fire for warmth. Shirts as well as blankets were lacking. And there was a lack of food, for man and animal. Hundreds of horses starved to death that winter.
But the British did well that winter. Why? Why did they have food, drink, clothing, blankets and forage for their horses? Because not everyone felt the Spirit of ’76 as earnestly as others. Thomas Paine, just before the Battle of Trenton a year earlier (at perhaps the low point of morale in the Army) wrote, “These are the times that try men’s souls: The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands by it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.” There were no summer soldiers or sunshine patriots at Valley Forge. They were in warm houses. Well fed. And making money. From the War. There were supplies, yes, but there were more profitable markets than Washington’s armies.
So while graft and speculation made some rich, the Army suffered at Valley Forge. The Continental Congress did little for them. The states did little for them. They suffered that ordeal alone. Together. And they became better soldiers. Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter of introduction for a Prussian captain, Baron Friedrich von Steuben. He came with exaggerated credentials. Franklin said he was a general under Frederick the Great even though he was only a staff officer. And an unemployed staff officer at that. But he knew how to make and drill an army. And he did. Washington held the Army together. The men persevered. And the army that emerged from Valley Forge could face any European army on the field of battle. And they fought on. And about 4 years later, General Cornwallis would surrender at Yorktown.
THE UNITED STATES offered the command of the Union Army in the American Civil War to General Robert E. Lee. He declined. He could not raise his sword against his own country. Virginia. So he would fight on the Confederate side in what they called the War of Northern Aggression.
There is an interesting exchange in the movie Gone with the Wind before war breaks out. Rhett Butler is discussing the South’s prospects with his fellow southern gentlemen.
RHETT BUTLER: I think it’s hard winning a war with words, gentlemen.
CHARLES: What do you mean, sir?
RHETT BUTLER: I mean, Mr. Hamilton, there’s not a cannon factory in the whole South.
MAN: What difference does that make, sir, to a gentleman?
RHETT BUTLER: I’m afraid it’s going to make a great deal of difference to a great many
CHARLES: Are you hinting, Mr. Butler, that the Yankees can lick us?
RHETT BUTLER: No, I’m not hinting. I’m saying very plainly that the Yankees
are better equipped than we. They’ve got factories, shipyards, coal mines…and a fleet to bottle up our harbors and starve us to death. All we’ve got is cotton, and slaves and…arrogance.
No. The South’s prospects were not very encouraging. And the North’s advantages would make up for her failings. In time.
The American Civil War was not a war of Fabian tactics. The First Battle of Bull Run (or the First Battle of Manassas as the Confederates called it) was a shock. Casualties (killed, wounded and lost) were high. About 4,800 in total. No one had anticipated such carnage. If that wasn’t enough to sober them up, then came Shiloh in the West. This 2-day battle claimed about 23,750 casualties. This exceeded the total of the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and the Mexican-American War combined. By the time the Civil War was over, casualties would top 1,000,000. Over 600,000 Americans would eventually die. Including a president.
Why such high casualties? A couple of reasons. This was one of the first wars benefitting from the Industrial Revolution. Better and more powerful weapons created more powerful armies. And a network of railroads brought them efficiently to the battlefield. Unfortunately, these armies still employed Napoleonic tactics. Mass in formation, fire and charge with bayonets. Rifled barrels, though, replaced smoothbore muskets. This tripled the effective range of an infantryman’s weapon. Improved cannon, like the Parrot gun, made cannon fire more devastating. So, while they stood en masse and fired, and marched forward with bayonet, they faced a withering, accurate fire. Before the Battle of Cold Harbor, life expectancy in battle was such that soldiers sewed their name inside their jackets. Why? They wanted their fallen bodies identified and sent home for burial.
Another reason for the high casualties? Two of the best armies in the world were fighting each other. American was killing American. In the beginning, the Confederates had the edge. Robert E. Lee and General Stonewall Jackson were displaying by far the greater competence in battle. But that was in the east. In the west, Generals Grant and Sherman advanced along the Mississippi River with dogged determination.
At the Battle of Chancellorsville, though, Stonewall Jackson would fall from friendly fire as he reconnoitered the front. He lost his left arm. Lee would lament that Jackson may have lost his left arm, but he had lost his right. Jackson would subsequently die from complications of pneumonia 8 days later. A couple of months from that, Lee would be in Gettysburg, the ‘high water mark’ of the Confederacy. And after 3 days of battle, he would lead his defeated army back across the Potomac. Meanwhile, in the west, Grant had just taken Vicksburg and, as a result, control of the Mississippi river.
Lee’s foray into Pennsylvania may have not been a wise move. It was only the second time a Confederate army invaded the North (the last resulted in the bloodiest single day of the war – Antietam). Battle in the north favored the North. Shorter lines of communications. Better network of railroads. Coal mines. Factories. It was a bold plan. But a poorly executed plan. The armies came into contact, after all, because barefoot Confederate soldiers looking for shoes came into contact with dismounted Union cavalry. That’s what was in Gettysburg. Shoes. That, and one big-ass road intersection that brought all those armies together.
Lee’s forces started the Battle of Gettysburg prematurely because of singular defect in the South. Supply. Lee faced the same problems Washington did. The Confederate Army was superior to the Union Army at many times. They often outgeneraled the North. And often outfought the North. But they took heavy losses. As did the North. But, as Rhett Butler pointed out, the North was in a position to replace their losses. The South simply was not. It became a war of attrition. And the north simply outlasted the South. And had the time to become a superior army.
The problem was the very thing they were fighting for. States’ rights. The north was able to wage total war. The South, try as they might, could not. States had some warehouses full of material, but a state allotted its material stores for its own regiments. A state may have had a surplus of shoes, but they held them for their own soldiers while others went barefoot.
The southern soldier suffered beyond human endurance. Days would go by without food or provision. Some would pick up horse droppings and pick out undigested kernels to eat. When they broke out of the siege around Richmond/Petersburg, they marched for days to promised provisions. When they reached the rail cars, they opened them to find unneeded equipment. Not food. But they still fought on, emaciated as they were. Until they found themselves surrounded near Appomattox Courthouse. When faced with the choice of surrender or guerrilla warfare, Lee chose surrender. He saw one country destroyed. He did not wish to see another.
WASHINGTON DID PREVAIL in the end. Despite his government. Lee did not. In part because of his government. All the while the soldier in the fight persevered through great privations. But never gave up. They fought, and died, together. For God. For country. And for each other. All the while, no doubt, cursing their respective governments.
Tags: American Civil War, American Revolution, Americans, Antietam, Appomattox Courthouse, Baron Friedrich von Steuben, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Cold Harbor, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Trenton, Benjamin Franklin, Big Government, British, Confederate, Confederate Army, Continental Congress, Fabian tactics, First Battle of Bull Run, First Battle of Manassas, General Cornwallis, General Grant, General Robert E. Lee, General Sherman, General Stonewall Jackson, George Washington, Gettysburg, Gone with the Wind, Ho Chi Minh Trail, Industrial Revolution, Mexican-American War, Mississippi River, Napoleonic tactics, NVA, Parrot gun, Pennsylvania, Petersburg, Philadelphia, Potomac, Prussian, Quintus Fabius Maximus, Revolutionary War, Rhett Butler, Richmond, rifled barrel, Robert E. Lee, Schuylkill River, Shiloh, smoothbore musket, Spirit of '76, states' rights, Stonewall Jackson, Tet Offensive, Thomas Paine, total war, Union Army, United States, Valley Forge, Vicksburg, Viet Cong, Vietnam War, Virginia, War of 1812, war of attrition, War of Northern Aggression, Yankees, Yorktown
IN THE TUG of war between Big Government and limited government, the proponents of Big Government like to point to the military as a Big Government success story. Now, the U.S. military has been a success story. But not because of Big Government. Unless you want to call paying $200 for a toilet seat a Big Government success story.
People are not perfect. Anything man does, then, will be imperfect. The same is true of the military. Those doing the fighting are by necessity doing the absolute best thing to guarantee victory. They die otherwise. Those furthest away from combat tend to look more towards personal self-interest. And, typically, the Big Government bureaucrats tend to be the furthest away from combat. They’re never in any personal danger. If they aren’t doing a stellar job, other people suffer and die. They don’t.
The military is big business. Which means big money. Which means big graft. And big kickbacks. Military contracts are replete with pork. It’s not necessarily the military contractors at fault, though. When there is only one customer for your goods and services, you have to play by their rules. Politicians have enormous power when awarding contracts. And if you think pure merit is going to land you a contract on its own, think again.
There’s a reason we’re paying $200 a toilet seat. How else is a contractor going to get the money to pay all those bribes demanded by Washington bureaucrats? High-end call girls don’t come cheap, especially if you want them to do the ‘weird stuff’ (to quote a little Dr. Bob Kelso from the television show Scrubs). Private yachts. Golf resorts. Vacation junkets. Campaign contributions. These things are expensive. And if they are the price of admission, how are you NOT going to pay to play?
SITUATION NORMAL, ALL F*cked Up. That’s a SNAFU. It implies a sense of hope. FUBAR doesn’t. F*cked Up Beyond All Repair (or Recognition). That’s when things pass irreparably past SNAFU. And usually when they do, it’s not the fault of the grunt with a rifle in his hands in the middle of the SNAFU.
These ‘military’ terms represent various degrees of incompetence of the generals/civilians above them that results with placing combat forces in very difficult situations. Or simply what happens in the ‘fog of war’. D-Day was a carefully planned assault on Hitler’s Atlantic Wall. The generals and the politicians made their plans. And when General Eisenhower gave the ‘go’ order, everything rested on the shoulders of the teenagers and young men far down the chain of command who would do the actual fighting.
Air power would soften up the defenses and isolate the coast from the interior, hindering the movement of German reinforcements. Paratroopers and glider troops were to land behind enemy lines and take/hold key bridges and knock out specific gun emplacements. A naval bombardment would further soften up the beach defenses. Then the troops and tanks would hit the beaches. They would open up beach exits to allow following troops and armor to pass through and break out of the beachhead.
Yes, that was the plan. But the best laid schemes of mice and men go often askew (to quote the Scottish poet Robert Burns), don’t they? And so they did. The aerial bombardment fell too far inland. When the paratroopers jumped they scattered in the wind. Few landed on their objective. Once the naval bombardment commenced there was so much smoke on the beach no one could see where their rounds were landing. When the beach assault began, they shifted their fire inland to miss hitting their own men. Which made them miss the Germans, too. Still, of the 5 beaches, 4 went somewhat according to plan on D-Day. One, though, was going from SNAFU to FUBAR pretty darn quick.
Omaha Beach. The ‘softening up’ did little to the guns aimed on that beach. Artillery and machine gun fire swept hellfire across Omaha. It was raining lead and iron. This is the beach at the beginning of the Steven Spielberg movie Saving Private Ryan. The first wave of troops littered the beach with dead and dying. The armor didn’t make it ashore. These teenagers and young men were on their own. And there is only one way to go on a beach. Forward, into the enemy fire.
Close to FUBAR, the generals were considering abandoning the invasion. Of course, they were powerless to do anything at the time other than to call retreat. Nothing they could say or do would change a thing on the beach. They were too far away. They couldn’t see. Or hear. Or feel. But junior officers and noncommissioned officers in the fight could. And, using personal initiative, they took action. Paratroopers gathered into fighting units and moved on their objectives. A destroyer captain, closer to shore due to his shallower draft, could see the troops on the beach had no fire support. He took his ship in closer and ran up and down the shallow waters of the coast, providing some of the only effective fire support during the assault. Junior officers and noncoms gathered shattered men from shattered units and led them inland and opened the beach exits.
OMAHA WAS COSTLY, but we prevailed. Not because of any general or governmental bureaucrat. We prevailed because ordinary men did extraordinary things. Nameless men. Our fathers. Our grandfathers. They did incredible things. Things that we cannot even imagine. And we worry what would happen if circumstance once again puts ordinary people in a position like this again. Could we do what they did? We know a few who can. They’re doing it today. But could we? Could we be as extraordinary as our fathers and grandfathers? As those serving in the military today? No doubt some have their doubts.
How, why, do they do it? For God? Country? Family? Perhaps. Or is there another reason?
And Crispin Crispian shall ne’er go by,
From this day to the ending of the world,
But we in it shall be remembered-
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers;
For he to-day that sheds his blood with me
Shall be my brother
(St. Crispin’s Day Speech from William Shakespeare’s Henry V)
And so it goes in war. Circumstance places ordinary men into extraordinary situations. And they do extraordinary things. And in the heat of battle, most thoughts flee their minds but two. Survival. And their brothers. Alongside them in battle. Who are as frightened as they. Who are facing the same enemy fire as they are. Terrified. But standing fast. He will not leave his brother just as his brother will not leave him. This is courage. And this is why American soldiers win battles. This is what makes them give that last ounce of effort. To go above and beyond the call of duty even. To do the extraordinary.
SO THERE YOU have it. The two parts that make up the military. The military part. And the Big Government part. And the two parts couldn’t be more different.
Big Government doesn’t make the military successful. Kids barely out of high school do. And we must never forget that. We need to honor them on Memorial Day. On Veterans Day. And every other day of the calendar. And we should never insult them by saying their actions are the result of a bloated governmental bureaucracy. For nothing could be further from the truth. Ironically, it’s their selfless service that enables that corrupt bureaucracy to become bloated in largess; a secured nation makes a safe place to turn public office into personal gain.
And Big Government will continue to buy their $200 toilet seats. Because that’s who they are. And, unless you’re part of Big Government, you don’t like it. On principle. And for the fact that if you have ever sat on one of those toilet seats, you know there just ain’t anything special about them.
Tags: $200 toilet seat, aerial bombardment, Air power, Artillery, Atlantic Wall, band of brothers, beach defenses, Big Government, Bob Kelso, bribes, bureaucrat, call of duty, Campaign contributions, chain of command, combat, corrupt bureaucracy, Crispin Crispian, D-Day, destroyer, fire support, fog of war, FUBAR, General Eisenhower, German, glider troops, governmental bureaucrat, graft, gun emplacements, Henry V, High-end call girls, Hitler, junior officers, kickback, limited government, machine gun, Memorial Day, military, military contractors, Military contracts, naval bombardment, noncommissioned officers, noncoms, Omaha Beach, Paratroopers, pay to play, personal initiative, pork, public office, Robert Burns, Saving Private Ryan, Scrubs, SNAFU, St. Crispin's Day, Steven Spielberg, U.S. military, Veterans Day, Washington bureaucrats, William Shakespeare